Terms in this set (31)
authorized the fed gov to try to raise farm prices by setting production quotas for major crops and paying farmers to plant less. Succeeded in raising prices. Benefits only to property owning farmers, ignored large number who worked on land owned by others. Evicted thousands of poor tenants and sharecroppers.
worked with groups of business leaders to establish industry codes that set standards for output, prices, and working conditions. Effect: Large comp. owned code-writing process. They used it to drive up prices, limit production, lay off workers, and divide markets among themselves.
An Allied amphibious assault landing on the Normandy coast and established a foothold in Europe, leading to the liberation of France from German occupation
Labors "Magna Carta", brought democracy to the workplace. Empowered the National Labor Relations Board to supervise elections in which employees voted on union representation. Outlawed unfair labor practices.
Japanese- American Internment
Policy adopted by the Roosevelt administration in 1942 under which 110,00 persons of Japenese decent, most of them American citizens, were removed from the west coast and forced to spend most of WW2 in internment camps; it was the largest violation of Ameican civil liberties in the 20th century
set out to create unions in the main bastions of american economy. Help spread sit downs in GM plants
National Industrial Recovery Act
granted workers right to form unions. BECAUSE, of severe reductions of European immigration, ethnic differences among workers had diminished in importance.
The Bracero Program
Name given to immigration reform between Mexico and America. Contract laborers who came to do domestic and agricultural jobs.
The Four Freedoms
known as WASPS these female pilots were employed by the air force to deliver cargo and passengers and test military aircraft. They trained at an all female base at Avenger Field in Sweetwater, Texas. Although they didn't take part in combat, 38 died in service
Free Enterprise. Attributed the amazing feats of wartime production to this. Private businesses liberated from government control.
Most important battle between the Germans and the Soviets (who were bolstered by supplies from US). This marked the turning point of the EUROPEAN WAR. The battle in this city marked the moment when the Soviets believed they had earned the right to make Eastern Europe their sphere of influence. This was the start of the Cold War.
United Nations (purpose, structure)
Successor to the League of Nations. Charter: Outlaw force or the threat of force as means of settling international disputes.
The Double V
Symbolized black attitudes during the war. They insisted victory over Japan and Germany must be hand in hand with victory over segregation at home.
Roe v. Wade
Decision by the Supreme Court in 1974 created a constitutional right to terminate a pregnancy.
combination of stagnant economic growth and high inflation present during 1970s
equal rights amendment. Congress approves and sent to sates for ratification to eliminate obstacles to the full participation of women in public life. Created protests that it discredited the role of a wife and a homemaker.
believed in freeding the individual from restraint and the christian right, which sought to restore what they considered traditional moral values to American life.
The Enron Syndrome
bought and sold electricity rather than actually producing it-- reported as profits billions of dollars in operating losses. It came after the market dropped, it was apparent the 1990s boom had been fueled by fraud.
Brown v. Board of Education
A supreme court decision in 1954 that declared that "separate but equal" schools for children of different races violated the Constitution
Strategy that used the threat of nuclear warfare as a means of combating the global spread of communism
A term coined by Jack Kerouac for a small group of poets and writers who railed against 1950's mainstream culture
War on Poverty
LBJ declared this in his 1964 State of the Union Address. A new office of Economic Opportunity Office oversaw the venture. Programs were created for students, farmers, and businesses in an effort to eliminate the problem
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the CIA landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. After the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for it
Post- 196 rallying cry of a more militant civil rights movement
The use of laws or regulations to achieve racial, ethnic, gender, or other diversity, as in hiring or school admissions. This is often aimed at improving opportunities for women and minorities
A break- in at the Democratic National Committees Offices in the complex in Washington D.C. and was carried out under the direction of White House Employees. Disclosure of the White House involvement in the break- in and cover up forced President Nixon to resign in 1974
Iran- Contra affair
This involved officials in the Reagan administration secretly and illegally selling arms to this country and using the proceeds to finance the Contra rebels in Nicaragua
Popular name for this President's philosophy of "supply side" economics, which combined tax cuts with an unregulated marketplace
Family values: Set of beliefs usually associated with conservatism that stressed the superiority of nuclear family, heterosexual marriage, and traditional gender roles