Upgrade to remove ads
AP Language and Composition Literary and Rhetorical Devices
Terms in this set (103)
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, or places.
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
repetition of initial consonant sounds
An indirect reference to famous characters or events from history, literature, or mythology
An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way.
something existing outside of its proper time
the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas.
Appealing to the audience's sense of ethics
Appealing to the audience's sense of emotions
Appealing to the audience's sense of logic
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
a reasoned, logical way of asserting the soundness of a position, belief, or conclusion
an original model on which something is patterned
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
When details are not stated but must be inferred by the reader or audience
a construction in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions. Speeds up th flow of the sentance.
constructing a sentence so that both halves are about the same length and importance
the purging or cleansing of strong emotions(an emotional release)
in this, a writer asserts that one things results from another. To show how one thing produces or brings about another is often relevant in establishing a logical argument
Arrangement of repeated thoughts in the pattern of X Y Y X. It is often short and summarizes a main idea.
a trite or obvious remark
the inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements of a work, thereby intensifying the next tragic event.
Language that describes specific, observable things, peoples or places, rather than ideas or qualities.
Emotional meaning of a word
repetition of consonant sounds
in accord with or being a tradition or practice accepted from the past
Sentence which begins with the main idea and then expands on that idea with a series of details or other particulars
The dictionary definition of a word
consists of a dignified, impersonal, and elevated use of language
language that is not as lofty or impersonal as formal diction; similar to everyday speech
Refers to the everyday usage and may include terms and constructions accepted in that group but not universally acceptable.
a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves)
intended to teach, morally instructive
a message that departs from the main subject
a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
Deliberate omission of a word or words implied by context
understanding and entering into another's feelings
An informally stated syllogism with an implied premise.
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning, speech or writing employing figures of speech
Sentence consisting of three or more very short independent clauses joined by conjunctions.
When a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable. Sweeping generalizations occur when a writer asserts that a claim applies to all instances instead of some.
type or category of literary work (e.g., poetry, essay, short story, novel, drama)
unnatural, distorted; bizarre
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds"). Cannot be translated into another language.
use of language to represent an experience pertaining to sound
use of language to represent an experience pertaining to taste
use of language to represent an experience pertaining to the movement of muscles, tendons, or joints
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of smell
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of touch
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight
the reversal of the normal order of words
The discrepancey between what is expected and what actually happens
A character says the opposite of what he or she means
The reader or audience understands more about the events of a story than the character in the story
the act of positioning close together to examine
understatement for emphasis
a complex sentence in which the main clause comes first and the subordinate clause follows
comparison not using like or as
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (Gray Hairs)
the overall feeling created by a work of literature
A recurring theme, subject or idea
a sentance that begins by stating what is not true, then ending by stating what is true.
words that sound like what they mean
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
The use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or in meaning
Writing that borders on lecturing
insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the normal syntactical flow of the sentence
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. The independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone. The effect is to add emphasis and structural variety. (Yoda speak)
using several conjunctions in close succession, especially where some might be omitted (as in 'he ran and jumped and laughed for joy')
Giving human qualities to inaimate objects
A play on words
literature that attempts to represent life as it really is
any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively
Emphasizes communication between the author and reader. Analyzes the elements employed in a literary work to impose on the reader the author's view of the meaning, both denotative and connotative, of the work.
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
form of literature in which is employed to arouse laughter while attacking human vice and folly
comparison using like or as
Stream of Consciousness
A literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur.
used when there's a story to be told (usually in chronological order)
a textual organization based on a series of scenes, each of which is presented vividly and in detail.
Organized like an argument or essay.
a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period
a construction in which one word is used in two different senses ("After he threw the ball, he threw a fit.")
logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
using a part of something to represent the whole thing
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
the primary position taken by a writer or speaker
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
Controlling presence of ' author voice' behind the characters, narrators, and personae of literature 9Who's doing the talking?)
the writer uses one words to govern several successive words of clauses.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP ENGLISH language and composition rhetorical dev…
AP Language & Composition Literary Terms
AP Language Tone Words
A.P. Language and Composition Rhetorical Terms and…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Language and Composition Literary Terms
poetry lit. dev.
Todos los Lit Terms
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Manual Cell Count/Automated Procedure
Ball, Dagger & O'Neill - Liberalism Part 3 - The P…