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Soc 101 - Ch. 11
Terms in this set (50)
Learning skills such as reading and math via systematic instruction, by a trained professional
Schooling that takes place in a formal setting with the goal of teaching a predetermined curriculum
The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
The courses taught in schools and their overall goals
The implicit "rules of the game" that students learn in school
(Ex: social norms)
Reproduction of Class
The socioeconomic positions of one generation passing on to the next
The general social environment that characterizes a group, organization, or community such as a school
Value climate of schools
Include the motivations and aspirations of students
Coping Strategies in the Classroom
Conformity, innovation, retreatism, ritualism, and rejection with replacement
Acceptance of goals and means--doing the schoolwork expected
Finding alternative/unapproved methods to achieve conventional goals--like cheating or plagiarizing to pass a course
Rejection of goals and means--rebelling against the school establishment by not cooperating
Indifference toward goals--"getting by" through following rules, but not really learning anything
Rejection with replacement
Rejection of goals and means in favor of another strategy--like dropping out to pursue other activities
No Child Left Behind
Bush's program that required schools to have annual competency tests
__________ refers to learning skills such as reading and math in a building via systematic instruction by a trained professional.
Which of the following measures is used to determine educational quality?
Rate of illiteracy
The "cradle to prison pipeline" refers to:
High dropout rates of African American boys that can lead to imprisonment
According to symbolic interaction theorists, one manifestation of the differences children create and maintain in schools is:
Carolina has been considering dropping out of school. However, she now realizes that attending school on a daily basis has a relatively low social cost, yet there are many rewards associated with graduation, so she has decided to stay in school. Which theoretical consideration most strongly influenced this decision?
Rational Choice Theory
The statement "Formal and informal education serve certain crucial purposes in society, especially as societies modernize" most closely reflects:
According to structural-functionalists, what is a manifest function of education?
Which of the following is a latent function of education?
Keeping children off the streets until they can be absorbed into productive roles in society
The statement "Educational opportunities are manipulated in ways that keep the sons and daughters of the upper class in positions of privilege" most closely reflects:
Which of the following statements supports the argument that education works to reproduce social class from one generation to the next?
Students from a lower socioeconomic position must obey authority
Because kindergarten teachers teach children to follow rules, cooperate with each other, and accept the teacher as the boss, Gracey suggests that we should view kindergarten as a(n):
Academic boot camp
__________ refers to hiring male teachers at higher pay levels than female teachers, having more male-dominated extracurricular activities, and increased vocational curricula.
Masculinization of schools
Ty is an eighth-grade music teacher. Ty must support and encourage his students, but he must also give them poor grades for not learning their music. This causes Ty to experience:
Which of the following is not one of the strategies students use to cope with school pressures presented in the text?
Which of the following most accurately describes education in complex societies?
The knowledge needed by the young becomes too complex to be taught by families
Lani is very strong in language and writing classes. She aspires to be a journalist, and her teachers largely believe that she is capable of achieving this goal. However, Lani does not excel in her math or music courses and is in jeopardy of not graduating because of her poor grades in math and music. The emphasis on following a standard curriculum for all students best reflects which aspect of Weber's bureaucratic model?
An emphasis on rationality
The authors argue that a syllabus in college classrooms represents part of:
The formal system of education
A(n) __________ is a general social condition that characterizes an aspect of a school
Link completes all assigned homework to succeed in school. According to Robert Merton's goals-means taxonomy, Link is best described as a
"Popularity is a function of being noticed and liked and having everyone know who you are." This statement most closely reflects
Which of the following statements is NOT a critique of the No Child Left Behind policy?
The policy sets high standards that all students must meet
Which of the following was a finding of the Coleman Report?
The majority of children studied attended segregated schools
The major recommendation made by the Coleman Report was to:
Shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant portray a female protagonist who unites her friends, family, and peers in order to support her and her unborn child. These shows have been criticized for omitting the painful reality of childbirth and estrangement from friends, which is a more common occurrence in real life. Which theory would most likely support this theory?
A. Rational choice
__________ is a process through which the educational curricula of many poor countries is similar to models of education used in colonial powers and developed countries.
D. Mass education
Studies indicate that the educational achievement gap between racial groups has been ______________________ in recent years.
Which of the following is an example of an educational credential?
an SAT score
ability to understand calculus
A. an SAT score
Which of the following is the best example of a latent function of education?
the ability to understand the principles of calculus
the tendency of schools to become a mate- and friend-selection market for teens
increase in school violence
C. the tendency of schools to become a mate and friend-selection market for teens
All of the following examples suggest schools are advantaging girls EXCEPT:
girls have higher college attendance rates.
girls are more likely to graduate from high school.
girls in developing countries receive significantly less education than boys.
women hold higher educational aspirations than men.
C. girls in developing countries receive significantly less education than boys
All of the following examples suggest kindergarten is an "academic boot camp" EXCEPT the emphasis on:
reading and arithmetic.
C. reading and arithmetic
One critique of voucher plans in schools is that they:
produce higher levels of achievement.
are likely to result in a further stratified education system.
discipline students more harshly.
differentially affect a student's ability to learn.
B. are likely to result in a further stratified education system
Tracking was established to allow educators to address students' individual learning needs.
Research conclusively shows that schools are the sole institution to focus on if we want to create equality in society.
Students become deviant in various ways when they must cope with school pressures.
The U.S. high school graduation rate has increased over the past three decades.
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