Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Sports Nutrition Final
Terms in this set (67)
Name the macronutrients
Macronutrient that is the primary fuel in ENDURANCE sports
This macronutrient is important to facilitate the absorption of vitamins A,E,D & K
This macronutrient can be divided into different components, some more desirable than others.
Fat & various fatty acids
This fatty acid is associated with a reduction in inflammation and cardiovascular disease
Omega-3 fatty acids (poly unsaturated fatty acids)
This macronutrient is frequently consumed after a strength training workout to promote HEALING and REPAIR of the muscle tissue
This mineral is frequently DEFICIENT in children, females, plant-based diets, and distance runners.
Muscle contraction, nerve transmission, and the maintenance of strong bones and teeth are the role of which micronutrient?
Your athlete has been restricting all animal products from his diet. Which vitamin may become deficient over time?
These 3 B-Vitamins are involved in the creation of energy
Clinical condition as a result of the accumulation of TOO MUCH iron in the body's tissues
Due to 1994 legislation, dietary supplements fall under what type of regulation
DSHEA (Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act)
These websites can provide information regarding ________________?
- Drug Free Sport
- Informed Choice
- NSF International
- Consumer Labs
Third Party testing
For the endurance athlete, this practice is the safest form of utilizing an ergogenic aid
Your team has just left a session that involved visualization, a pep talk, and team building exercises. You have utilized which ergogenic aid?
Name the FIVE types of Ergogenic Aids
Form looking at food intake over a LONG period of time.
Food frequency questionnaire
After obtaining a 24 hour recall, you review the document and then ask questions about items that are frequently omitted such as....
- What is the portion?
- Did you add a condiment?
- Describe how you prepared the food.
- What did you have to drink?
- What snacks did you have between your meals?
Meeting your athlete for the first time, you make eye contact, shake their hand, introduce yourself, and ask how you can help. This is an example of __________ ?
This privacy act safeguards medical information.
(The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996)
What are the SIX Stages of Change steps?
Your athlete has diabetes. Which hormone is deficient?
Your fit 70 year old athlete is questioning the nutritional adequacy of his diet. Which nutrients are increased?
Calcium, Vitamin D, and Magnesium
Signs of Diabetes
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urination
Your pregnant athlete is not gaining weight appropriately. You explain the increased needs of the following nutrients:
- Total Calories
This organic compound provides 7 kcals/gm and is metabolized quickly once ingested. It can impair judgment, increase appetite, and negatively effect post competition replenishment of glycogen stores.
Abbreviation for the international agency responsible for promoting a doping free culture in sport
What is true of an ergogenic aid?
- Enhances a person's ability to perform better in sports
- Enhances a person's ability to perform work
What does a fat reducer do?
Causes a person to lose weight
When sports psychologists meet with athletes to help them learn mental strategies for overcoming fears and improve concentration, they are using which of the following (which ergogenic aid)?
What are reasons why athletes consume supplements?
- improve health
- improve strength & power
- increase muscle gains
True or False.
Dietary supplements do not require safety testing before entering the market.
Approximately ________ of Americans are overweight or obese.
What level of BMI is considered "obese"?
What level of BMI is considered "underweight"?
What level of BMI is considered "normal/healthy"?
What level of BMI is considered "overweight"?
If a client's BMI is 29 and she does NOT want to lose weight, what is the next step in treating this person?
Asses risk factors for health problems
What should athletes do to INCREASE calorie intake to gain weight & build muscle?
Eat an ADDITIONAL 300 to 500 cals from a variety of food
A waist circumference of _____ inches for men & ______ for women places them at a higher risk for disease.
greater than 40; greater than 35
Compare & Contrast a 24 hr recall and a food frequency questionnaire
24 HR RECALL
- What the client ate in the past 24hrs
- Can't really asses eating habits
- can asses eating habits
- can see what foods they eat a lot of
- can use this to have them cut out unhealthy foods that they've been eating/regulate their eating habits
Factors that regulate food intake
- Level of activity
- Eating by tv
- Eating at dinner table with family
Good sources of Potassium
Calories per gram for Carbs
Calories per gram for Proteins
Calories per gram for Fats
Which vitamins are the antioxidants?
A, C & E
Which Vitamin does NOT have antioxidant properties?
What is the body's direct source of energy for cellular work?
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
What does %DV stand for on food labels?
Percent Daily Value
A nutrition facts label gives the following serving information: total fat = 4g, total carbohydrates = 15g, total protein = 5g. How many cals are per serving?
- fats: 9g x 4= 36cals
- carbs: 4g x 15 = 60cals
- protein: 4g x 5 = 20cals
36 + 60 + 20 = 116cals per serving
Lipids exist in the body primarily in what form?
The body's amino-acid "pool" consists of amino acids found in
What will occur if daily protein intake is not adequate enough to maintain the body's amino acid pool?
Proteins from muscle and other tissues will be broken down
Low quantities of high quality or complementary protein foods in an athletes diet can lead to .......
- Decreased protein synthesis
- Loss of muscle mass
- Decreased strength and power
Examples of Vitamin B-12
(animal based products)
What is the only food source that can be broken down via anaerobic glycolysis?
What system is the primary contributor to intense activities or maximal efforts that last from 1 to 3 minutes?
When a diet is low in carbs or when an athlete is involved in training that depletes carb stores, the body must get its carbs via .....
Rule of thumb for rehydrating after a workout is that 1 pound of weight lost equals
2-3 cups of fluid
One of the most common nutrition deficiencies in the United States is
What is a sign of heat stroke
Lack of sweat
__________________ is the chemical process when hydrogen atoms are added to unsaturated fatty acids
What macronutrient is considered the "Master Fuel"?
What vitamins can be made in the body but not in sufficient amounts, thus requiring intake through the diet?
Vitamin D & K
The degree of sweat formation contributes to water loss during exercise depends on
- temperature, humidity, and wind velocity
- intensity and duration of exercise
- size of individual
There are ______ amino acids. _____ are essential and _____ non-essiential
- 20 amino acids
- 9 essential
- 11 non essential
Sets with similar terms
Nutrition Exam 2 Review
MODULE 17 NASM
Ch. 10 S&C
NASM CPT - Chapter 17 (Nutrition)
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 7 - Bones of the Skull
Principles of AT (Test #1/Quiz)
TEST#1: Chapter 7 - Protective Equipment
TEST#1: Chapter 6 - Environmental Consid…
Other Quizlet sets
AP Government Packet Review- Page 12
Ch.1 Section 2 government Study guide
Delta Gamma Initiation Exam