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geography test 12/7
Terms in this set (56)
what 4 places make up the region of Latin america?
Mexico, central america and the caribbean and south america
what resource in latin america is most abundant north of the equator? what the two countries that have the most?
petroleum; Colombia and Venezuela
The country of paraguay has one of the poorest economies of latin america south of the equator. What physical and economic factors help explain why?
Paraguay mainly does subsistence farming and livestock raising because of its low elevations
What are the most populated cities north of the equator in latin America? What are the most populated cities south of the equator?
north: Mexico city and Bogota
south: Lima, Belo Horizonte, San Paulo, Rio de Janiero , Santiago and Buenos aires
what type of mining taking place in northern mexico and what is it called?
copper mining in northern mexico, its called copper belt
what important physical feature is located at 10N and 80W? What country has it?
isthmus of panama; panama
what political party has ruled mexico of the past 80 years?
partido revolucionario istitucional
what is the main climate zone of the two largest islands that lie near 20N? Which three countries are located on these two islands?
tropical wet/dry; cuba, haiti and dominican republic
What makes mexico city the primate city of Mexico?
because it is the cultural and economic center of Mexico
What type of migration has helped to create large cities in Latin America? What problems has this migration created?
The type of migration that helped to create large cities in Latin America is rural to urban migration, which created environmental problems as well as economic and instruct problems
What percentage of female employees are in the service sector in mexico?
What are some cash crops extracted out of Mexico during colonial times?
cacao and maize
What type of government has mexico's constitution created?
federal republic government
what are the two major ancient civilizations of mexico? where were they located?
-the aztec and the mayan.
-aztecs were located in central MX and mayans were located in south MX
Because of NAFTA what has forced many mexican small landowners off their land?
the harmful effects of subsidized agricultural exports
what is a manufacturing plant in mexico along the US-mexico border?
which environment deterioration is the most widespread in mexico?
what items did the europeans introduce to the americas that "Europeanized" the landscape?
-pears and peaches
what was brought to europe, asia, and africa in the colombian exchange?
what are the estimates for the percentage of deaths associated with European diseases being introduced to the Americas?
Identify two archipelagos in the caribbean?
greater and lesser antilles
What is a potential bonus of biodiversity in central america?
having natural resources that may lead to medicines and other products
how many bird species are found in central america and nowhere else?
What groups of people were brought to the americas by europeans? Why?
africans because work was needed to be done
What person led one of several slave revolts throughout latin america?
Francois toussaint louverture
what has caused population pressure in central america and the caribbean?
small areas with large population growing rapidly
what are the vertical climate zones of mexico, central america, and south america? identify each zone and match crops and biomes to each range?
tierra helada, tierra fria, tierra templada, tierra caliente
what is attributed to the increase in the number of working women?
to advance levels of education and social movements of gender equality
identify and match the cross cultural styles of music of working women?
-wind and percussion instruments of indigenous people
-european string instruments
-african dances and rhythms
what is the difference between latifundia and minifundia?
latifundia-large owned by families or corporations
minifundia- small and for family use
what makes development possible in the poorest places and from where does it come from?
funding in the form of foreign aid, investments, and loans
according to paul collier, what two advantages does haiti have for garment industry?
-duty free and quota free to the american market for the next nine years
according to dubois what should haiti's municipal governments focus on?
proper equipped market places for the women to sell rural goods
what are some of the difficulties and consequences of in living in a shantytown?
increase chances of poverty , disease, and less opportunities are available
what is brain drain? why can it be a problem for the periphery?
-the loss of highly educated and skilled workers to other countries
-lack of business and strong industry development
what feature presents a problem for interior development in brazil?
the escarpment between the brazillian eastern highlands and the atlantic ocean
what are the two names for inland grasslands in south america and where are they?
-llanos in colombia and venezuela
-pampas in argentina and uruguay
identify three consequences of el nino on the weather patterns of latin america?
climate interference, reversal of ocean currents, and change in wind patterns
what two south american countries have elected female presidents in the past 15 years? name them
chile- michelle bachelet
brazil -Dilman rouseff
what are the long term consequences of deforestation of the amazon? what is the leading cause?
-animals will lose their habitat and die and lead to extinction.
-cattle ranching is the leading cause
the icy high elevations: tierra helada
-elevation range: 12,000-15,000
-average temperature: 20F and 55F
-cold and windy
-lies above the tree line (mostly)
- plant life: low-lying shrubs and hardy grasses
the cool highlands: tierra fria
-elevation range: 6,000-12,000
-average temperature: 55F to 65F
-mountains and valleys are the main physical feature
-vegetations depends on the amount of rainfall
the pleasant uplands: tierra templada
-elevation range: 3,000-6,000
-average temperature: 65F to 75F
- vegetation changes with elevation
lower= tropical plants
higher=broadleaf evergreen forest
the tropical lowlands: tierra caliente
-elevation range: 0-3000
- hot and humid with an average temperature of 75F to 80F
- lush rainforests and tropical grassland
-broadleaf evergreen forests cover eastern slopes
-land is mostly desert
What challenges do farmers face in Mexico's
Only 15% of Mexico's land is good for
farming. Most of the best land is held by a few wealthy owners. Small farmers can't buy seeds, fertilizer, and machinery to compete with large farms. Many end up selling their land
Why do many farmers decide to migrate to the city?
Farmers migrate to the city to try to find a better
life. They hope to get jobs that pay a decent wage, to enjoy a higher standard of living, and to get their children into better schools
In what ways is Mexico City still growing?
Mexico City is spreading up the sides of the Valley of Mexico and filling in areas that were once covered by the valley's lakes.
What problems is Mexico City experiencing as a
result of its rapid growth?
There is not enough land, housing, or clean water for the city's population.
Roads are clogged with traffic. Buses and subways are packed. One of the city's worst problems is air pollution. There are not enough jobs for everyone. Poverty and crime have increased.
What are the living conditions for Mexico City's recent
They often live in slums on the edge of the city in one-room shacks made of cardboard and junk.Many of these houses lack electricity and water. The dirt streets are often littered with trash. Many of these people have little or no work.
What are the living conditions for Mexico City's
They live in neighborhoods that are
usually closer to the center of the city than the
slums are. Some live in cinder-block homes with
metal or tar-covered roofs. Others live in rundown apartment buildings. They usually have electricity but not always running water. The streets are
What types of jobs do the middle class of Mexico City
have? How does this affect their lifestyle?
Many of the middle class work in business, education, or government. They live in houses or apartment buildings near the center of the city or in modern suburbs farther
away. They can usually afford some luxuries, such as a telephone.
Who belongs to Mexico City's upper class? What type
of lifestyle do they have?
Very wealthy people who are
large landowners or business or government leaders belong to the upper class. They have a luxurious lifestyle. They live on large estates with high walls and
security systems. They often hire the working poor as maids, gardeners, and drivers.
slash and burn farming
-clear fields, deforesation, erosion, nutirent loss, and loss biodiversity
Itaipu dam and power plant
-natural way to generate electricity
maquiladoras: pollution in mexico city
-people that live in mexico city breathe in gases and chemicals that bad for their health
deforestation in the amazon rain forest
-highest rate of deforesation
-main source of deforestation in the amazon rainforest is human settlement and development of land
-produces half its own rainfall
-the poor soil had made plantation-bases agriculture unprofitable
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