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886 terms

Latin vocabulary A-level

Latin vocabulary A-level
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a, ab + ablative
from by
absum, abesse, afui
be out, be absent, be away, be distant
abhinc
ago
ac, atque
and
accedo, -ere, accessi, accessus
approach, advance
accido, -ere, accidi
happen
accipio, -ere, accepi, acceptus
accept, take in , receive
accuso, -are, -avi, -atus
accuse
accusator, -oris (m)
prosecutor, accuser
acer, acris, acre
keen, sharp, fierce
acies, acie(f)
line, battle line, army
ad + accusative
to, towards, at, about, near
addo, -ere, addidi, additus
add, join
adeo
so much, so greatly
adsum, adesse, adfui
be here, be present
adhuc
till now, still
adiuvo, -are, adiuvi, adiutus
help
adulescens, -entis (m, f)
a youth
adulescentia, -ae (f)
youth, young manhood
adventus, -us (m)
arrival, approach
adversus + accusative
opposite, against, contrary to
aedis, -is (f)
temple
aedes, -ium (f.pl.)
house
aedifico, -are, -avi, -atus
build
aedificium, -i(n)
building
aequus, -a, -um
equal, fair, favourable, calm
aes, aeris (n)
bronze, copper
aestas, -tatis (f)
summer
aetas, -tatis (f)
age
affero, -ferre, attuli, allatus
bring, report, contribute
ager, agr(m)
field, land
ago, agere, egi, actus
do, act, drive
agmen, -inis (n)
column of men, procession
agnosco, -ere, agnovi, agnitus
recognise
agricola, -ae (m)
farmer
ait
she / he says
ala, -ae (f)
wing
alienus, -a, -um
belonging to someone else, another's
aliquis
someone
aliquid
something
alius, -a, aliud
other, another, else
alter, -a, -um
the other, another, a second, the second
altus, -a, -um
high, deep
amo, -are, amavi, amatus
love, like
amor, -oris (m)
love
ambulo, -are, -avi
walk
amicitia, -ae (f)
friendship
amicus, -(m)
friend
amitto, -ere, amisi, amissus
lose
amplus, -a, -um
great, ample, abundant, glorious
animadverto, -ere, -verti, -versus
notice, take notice of
animus, -(m)
spirit, soul, mind
annus, -(m)
year
ante + accusative
before, in front of
antequam
before
antiquus, -a, -um
ancient
aperio, -ire, aperui, apertus
open
appareo, -ere, -parui
appear
appello, -are, -avi, -atus
call, address, name
appropinquo, -are, -av+ dative
approach, come near to
apud + accusative
among, at the house of, according to
aqua, -ae (f)
water
ara, -ae (f)
altar
arbitror, -ari, -atus sum
think
arbor, -oris (f)
tree
arcesso, -ere, -cessivi, -cessitus
summon, send for
argentum, -(n)
silver
arma, -orum (n.pl.)
arms, weapons, armour
armatus, -a, -um
armed
arripio, -ere, -ripui, -reptus
snatch, seize
ars, artis (f)
art, skill
arx, arcis (f)
citadel
ascendo, -ere, ascendi, ascensus
climb
assiduus, -a, -um
continual
Athenae, -arum (f.pl.)
Athens
at
but
atque
and
attingo, -ere, attigi, attactus
touch, reach
attonitus, -a, -um
astonished
auctoritas, -tatis (f)
authority
audacia, -ae (f)
boldness, bravery, audacity
audax, audacis
bold, daring
audeo, -ere, ausus sum
dare
audio, -ire, audivi, auditus
hear, listen to
aufero, -ferre, abstuli, ablatus
take away, carry off
augeo, augere, auxi, auctus
increase
aureus, -a, -um
golden
aurum, -(n)
gold
aut
or, either
autem
but
auxilium, -i(n)
help
barbarus, -a, -um
foreign, barbarian
beatus, -a, -um
prosperous, wealthy
bellum, -(n)
war
bene
well
beneficium, -i(n)
kindness
bibo, -ere, bibi
drink
bonus, -a, -um
good
bos, bovis (m or f)
ox, cow
brevis, breve
short, brief
Britannia, -ae (f)
Britain
Britannus, -(m)
a Briton
cado, -ere, cecidi, casus
fall
caedo, -ere, cecidi, caesus
kill
caedes, --is (f)
slaughter, killing
caelum, -(n)
sky, heaven
callidus, -a, -um
clever, cunning, shrewd
campus, -(m)
plain, field
candidatus, -(m)
candidate
canis, -is (m)
dog
capio, -ere, cepi, captus
take, catch, capture, choose
caput, capitis (n)
head
careo, -ere, caru+ ablative
lack, be without
carus, -a, -um
dear
castra, -orum (n.pl.)
camp
casus, -us (m)
misfortune, chance
causa, -ae (f)
cause, reason, case
causa + genitive
for the sake of
cedo, -ere, cessi
give in, give way
celo, -are, -avi, celatus
hide
celer, celeris, celere
quick
cena, -ae (f)
dinner
ceno, -are, -avi, -atus
dine
censeo, -ere, censui, census
estimate, value, propose, think
centurio, -onis (m)
centurion
cerno, -ere, crevi, cretus
perceive, decide
certiorem facio
inform
certus, -a, -um
certain
ceteri, -ae, -a
the rest, the others
cibus, -(m)
food
circum + accusative
around
civis, -is (m)
citizen
civitas, -tatis (f)
citizenship, state, city
clades, -is (f)
disaster, loss, defeat
clamo, -are, -avi, -atus
shout, exclaim, proclaim
clamor, -oris (m)
shout, uproar, noise
clarus, -a, -um
clear, famous, distinguished
classis, -is (f)
class, fleet
claudo, -ere, clausi, clausus
close, block, complete
coepi, coepisse, coeptus
began
cogito, -are, -avi, -atus
think, consider
cognosco, -ere, cognovi, cognitus
get to know, find out, learn
cogo, -ere, coegi, coactus
force, compel, drive, assemble
cohors, -ortis (f)
cohort, company
colo, -ere, colui, cultus
cultivate, worship, honour
collis, -is (m)
hill
comes, -itis (m)
comrade, companion
comitia, -ae (f)
assembly
committo, -ere, -misi, -missus
commit, fight
commodus, -a, -um
convenient
commoveo, -ere, -movi, -motus
rouse, alarm, upset
communis, -e
shared, common
comparo, -are, -avi, -atus
prepare, provide, obtain, compare
compleo, -ere, -plevi, -pletus
fill
complures, -a (pl.)
several, many
conor, -ari, conatus sum
try
concedo, -ere, -cessi, -cessus
give way, yield, withdraw
confero, -ferre, -tuli, -latus
collect, compare, confer
conficio, -ere, -feci, -fectus
complete, wear out
confirmo, -are, -avi, -atus
establish, strengthen, confirm
conicio, -ere, -ieci, -iectus
drive, hurl, throw
coniunx, -iugis (m)
husband, wife, spouse
coniuratio, -onis (f)
plot, conspiracy
coniuro, -are, -avi, -atus
plot, conspire
consequor, -i, -secutus sum
accompany, pursue, follow
consilium, -(n)
council, plan, advice, prudence
consisto, -ere, -stiti, -stitus
halt, stand, stand firm
constat, -are, -stitit
it is agreed
constituo, -ere, -stitui, -stitutus
decide, establish
consul, -is (m)
consul
consularis, -e
of consular rank
consulatus, -us (m)
consulship, rank of consul
consulo, -ere, -sului, -sultus
consult, consider, advise
consultum, -(n)
decision, resolution, plan
contemno, -ere, -tempsi, -temptus
despise, hold in contempt, disparage
contendo, -ere, -tendi
hurry, march, contend
contineo, -ere, -tinui, -tentus
hold together, confine, restrain, contain
contra + accusative
against
contra (adverb)
in reply, opposite, in the opposite direction, on the other hand
convenio, -ire, -veni, -ventus
come together, gather, meet
convivium, -(n)
feast, dinner-party
copia, -ae (f)
abundance
copiae, -arum (f.pl.)
forces, troops
corpus, -oris (n)
body
cotidie
every day
cras
tomorrow
credo, -ere, credidi, creditus + dative
trust, believe, have faith in
crimen, -inis (n)
charge, accusation
crudelis, -e
cruel
cum + subjunctive
when, since
cum + ablative
with
cunctor, -ari, -atus sum
delay, hesitate
cunctus, -a, -um
all, whole
cupio, -ere, -ivi
want, wish, desire
cupiditas, -tatis (f)
desire
cur
why
cura, -ae (f)
care, trouble, bother
curo, -are, -avi, -atus
look after, supervise, administer, attend to
curro, -ere, cucurri, cursus
run
custodia, -ae (f)
protection, guard
custodio, -ire, -ivi, -itus
guard
custos, -odis (m)
guard
decerno, -ere, decrevi, decretus
decide
decet, decere, decuit
it is proper
decipio, -ere, decepi, deceptus
deceive, trick
decorus, -a, -um
right, proper
decus, -oris (n)
glory
desum, deesse, defui
be lacking, be missing, be unavailable
defendo, -ere, -fendi, -fensus
defend
defero, -ferre, -tuli, -latus
carry, report, denounce
defessus, -a, -um
exhausted, tired out
delecto, -are, -avi, -atus
delight, please
deleo, -ere, delevi, deletus
destroy
demonstro, -are, -avi, -atus
point out, show
denique
at last, finally
descendo, -ere, -scendi
go down, come down
desidero, -are, -avi, -atus
long for, desire
desiderium, -(n)
loss, longing
dexter, dextra, dextrum
right, on the right
dextra, -ae (f)
right hand
dies, die(m. or f.)
day
dignitas, -tatis (f)
dignity, importance, honour, prestige
dignus + ablative
worthy (of), appropriate
diligens, -entis
careful
dimitto, -ere, -misi, -missus
send away, dismiss, scatter
dirus, -a, -um
dreadful
discedo, -ere, discessi
depart, leave
disco, -ere, didici
learn
dissimilis, -e
unlike, different
diu
for a long time
dives, -itis
rich
divinus, -a, -um
divine, godly
divitiae, -arum (f.pl.)
riches, wealth
divus, -(m)
god
do, dare, dedi, datus
give
doceo, -ere, docui, doctus
teach, inform
doleo, -ere, dolui
hurt, be in pain; grieve, be sad
dolor, -oris (m)
pain, grief, sorrow
dominus, -(m)
master
domus, -us (f)
home, house, family
dono, -are, donavi, donatus
give, reward
donum, -(n)
present, gift
dubius, -a, -um
uncertain, doubtful
dubium, -i(n)
doubt
durus, -a, -um
hard
dux, ducis (m)
leader
ecce
see! look!
efficio, -ere, feci, -fectus
carry out, accomplish
effugio, -ere, -fugi
escape
egredior, -i, egressus sum
go out, come out
egregius, -a, -um
excellent, outstanding
emo, -ere, emi, emptus
buy
enim
for
eo
to that place, there
eques, -itis (m)
horseman, man of equestrian rank
equitatus, -us (m)
cavalry
eripio, -ere, eripui, ereptus
snatch, tear, rescue, snatch away
erro, -are, -avi
make a mistake; wander
etiam
even, also
etsi
even if, although
evado, -ere, evasi
escape
excito, -are, -avi, -atus
arouse, wake up, awaken
exercitus, -us (m)
army
existimo, -are, -avi, -atus
think, consider
exitium, -(n)
ruin, destruction
exspecto, -are, -avi, -atus
wait for
exterus, -a, -um
external, foreign
extremus, -a, -um
furthest
facilis, -e
easy
facinus, -oris (n)
crime
facultas, -tatis (f)
opportunity
fama, -ae (f)
rumour
familiaris, -is (m)
close friend, relation, relative
fanum, -(n)
shrine, temple
fatum, -(n)
fate, death
femina, -ae (f)
woman
fere or ferme
approximately, almost
ferreus, -a, -um
iron, made of iron
ferrum, -(n)
iron
fessus, -a, -um
tired
fidelis, -e
faithful, loyal, reliable, trustworthy
fides, -e(f)
loyalty, trustworthiness
fidus, -a, -um
loyal, trustworthy
fio, fieri, factus sum
be made, be done, become, occur
filia, -ae (f)
daughter
filius, -(m)
son
finis, -is (m)
end; boundary
fines, -um (m.pl.)
territory
finitimus, -a, -um
neighbouring
flagitium, -(n)
disgrace, outrage
fodio, -ere, fodi, fossus
dig
fossa, -ae (f)
ditch
foedus, -eris (n)
treaty, agreement
fortasse
perhaps
forte
by chance
fortis, -e
brave
fortuna, -ae (f)
fortune, luck
frango, -ere, fregi, fractus
break
frater, fratris (m)
brother
fructus, -us (m)
fruit, profit, advantage
frumentum, -(n)
grain
frustra
in vain
fuga, -ae (f)
escape
fugio, -ere, fugi
flee
fugo, -are, -avi, -atus
put to flight
fundus, -(m)
estate, farm
fur, furis (m)
thief
furtim
secretly
gaudeo, -ere
be pleased, rejoice, be delighted
gaudium, -(n)
joy
gratia, -ae (f)
favour, goodwill
gratiae, -arum (f.pl.)
thanks
gratus, -a, -um
acceptable, pleasing
gravis, -e
heavy, serious, severe
habeo, -ere, habui, habitus
have, regard
habito, -are, -avi
live
haud
not
heri
yesterday
hesternus, -a, -um
of yesterday, belonging to yesterday
hic
here
hinc
from here; then, next
hiems, -is (f)
winter, storm
honestus, -a, -um
regarded with honour, honourable, well-born
hortor, -ari, hortatus sum
encourage, urge
hortus, -(m)
garden
hospes, -itis (m)
guest, host
hospitium, -(n)
hospitality
hostis, -is (m)
enemy
huc
here, to this place
humus, -(f)
ground
iaceo, -ere, iacui
lie
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus
throw
ianua, -ae (f)
door
ibi
there, then, in those days
icio, icere, ici, ictus
strike
idem, eadem, idem
the same
igitur
therefore, and so
ignoro, -are, -avi
do not know of
ignavus, -a, -um
lazy, cowardly
ignis, -is (m)
fire
ignosco, -ere, ignov+ dative
forgive
ille, illa, illud
that; he, she, it
imago, -inis (f)
image, appearance
impedio, -ire, -ivi, -itus
delay, hinder
impero, -are, -av+ dative
order,command; am emperor
imperator, -oris (m)
emperor
imperium, -(n)
power, empire, rule, reign
impetus, -us (m)
attack
incendo, -ere, -cendi, -census
burn, set fire to
incendium, -i(n)
fire, blaze
incipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptus
begin
incredibilis, -e
incredible
infelix, (gen) infelicis
unlucky
infero, -ferre, -tuli, -latus
bring in, bring on, bring against
ingenium, -i(n)
character
ingens, (gen) ingentis
huge
ingredior, -gredi, -gressus sum
enter
iniquus, -a, -um
unfair, unequal
initium, -i(n)
beginning
iniuria, -ae (f)
injustice, injury
inopia, -ae (f)
shortage, scarcity
insanus, -a, -um
mad, crazy, insane
inspicio, -ere, -spexi, -spectus
look at, examine, inspect, search
instituo, -ere, -stitui, -stitus
set up
insula, -ae (f)
island; block of flats
intellego, -ere, intellexi, -ectus
understand
inter + acc.
among
interea
meanwhile
interim
meanwhile
interest, -esse, -fuit
it makes a difference, it is of importance, it matters
interficio, -ere, -feci, -fectus
kill
intro, -are, -avi
enter
invenio, -ire, -veni, -ventus
find
invidia, -ae (f)
jealousy, envy, unpopularity
invito, -are, -avi, -atus
invite
invitus, -a, -um
unwilling
irascor, -i, iratus sum
be angry
ita
in this way, so
itaque
and so
iter, itineris (n)
journey
iterum
again
iussu
at the command of
iucundus, -a, -um
pleasant
iudico, -are, -avi, -atus
judge
iudicium, -i(n)
trial, court, judgement, decision
ius, iuris (n)
law, right, privilege
iustus, -a, -um
proper, right, fair
iuvenis, -is (m)
young man
labor, labi, lapsus sum
fall, glide, slip; pass by, slide by
labor, -ris (m)
work, toil
laboro, -are, -avi, -atus
work
lacrima, -ae (f)
tear
lacrimo, -are, -avi
weep, cry
laetitia, -ae (f)
joy, gladness
laetus, -a, -um
happy
latus, -eris (n)
side
laudo, -are, -avi, -atus
praise
laus, laudis (f)
praise
legatio, -onis (f)
embassy, governorship
legatus, -(m)
commander, provincial governor
lego, -ere, legi, lectus
read; choose, conscript
legio, -onis (f)
legion
leo, -onis (m)
lion
levo, -are, -avi, -atus
raise, lift up
levis, -e
light, trivial, changeable
lex, legis (f)
law
libens, -entis
willing, glad
liber, -era, -erum
free
liber, libr(m)
book
libero, -are, -avi, -atus
free, set free
libertas, -tatis (f)
freedom
libertus, -(m)
freedman, ex-slave
mihlibet
it pleases me, feel like
libido, -inis (f)
desire, lust
mihlicet
be allowed
lingua, -ae (f)
tongue, language
litterae, -arum (f.pl.)
letters (correspondence), literature
longus, -a, -um
long
loquor, -i, locutus sum
speak
lux, lucis (f)
light, daylight
ludo, -ere, lusi, lusus
play
ludus, -(m)
game
luna, -ae (f)
moon
magis
more
magister, -str(m)
master, foreman
magistratus, -us (m)
magistrate
magnopere
greatly
maiores, -um (m.pl.)
ancestors
malo, malle, malui
prefer
malus, -a, -um
evil, bad
mando, -are, -avi, -atus
order, entrust, hand over
mane
in the morning
maneo, -ere, mansi
remain, stay
manus, -us (f)
hand; band (of people)
mare, -is (n)
sea
mater, matris (f)
mother
maximus, -a, -um
very big, very great, greatest
medius, -a, -um
middle
memini, -isse
remember
memoro, -are, -avi, -atus
mention, relate
memoria, -ae (f)
memory
mens, mentis (f)
mind
mensa, -ae (f)
table
mensis, -is (m)
month
mercator, -is (m)
merchant
metuo, -ere, metui
be afraid, fear
metus, -us (m)
fear
meus, -a, -um
my, mine
miles, -itis (m)
soldier
militaris, -e
of the army, of a soldier
minimus, -a, -um
very little, smallest, least
minor, -us
smaller
miror, -ari, -atus sum
admire, wonder at
mirus, -a, -um
extraordinary, remarkable
miser, -a, -um
miserable, wretched, sad
me miseret = genitive
feel sorry for
mitto, -ere, misi, missus
send
modo
just, now, only, just now
modus, -(m)
manner, way, kind
moenia, -orum (n.pl.)
walls (of a city)
moneo, -ere, monui, monitus
warn, advise
mons, montis (m)
mountain
monumentum, -(n)
monument, memorial
morbus, -(m)
disease, illness
mortuus, -a, -um
dead
mos, moris (m)
custom
moveo, -ere, movi, motus
move, influence
mox
soon
multitudo, -inis (f)
crowd
munitio, -onis (f)
fortification
munus, -eris (n)
duty, gift, favour
murus, -(m)
wall
muto, -are, -avi, -atus
change
nam
for
narro, -are, -avi, -atus
tell, relate
nascor, -i, natus sum
be born
natio, -onis (f)
race,nation
nauta, -ae (f)
sailor
navigo, -are, -avi
sail
navis, -is (f)
ship
-ne
introduces a question
ne
so that ... not, in order that ... not
nec
and not, nor
neco, -are, -avi, -atus
kill
necessarius, -a, -um
necessary
necesse
necessary
nego, -are, -avi, -atus
deny, say that ... not
neglego, -ere, neglexi, neglectus
neglect
negotium, -(n)
business
nemo, -inis
no one, nobody
nequiquam
in vain
nescio, -ire, nescivi
do not know
nimis
too, too much
nimius, -a, -um
too great, too much
nisi
unless, if not, except
nitor, niti, nixus sum
lean, struggle
nobilis, -e
noble, famous
nolo, nolle, nolui
do not want, be unwilling, refuse
nomino, -are, -avi, -atus
name
nondum
not yet
nonne?
surely?
nonnullus, -a, -um
some, several
nosco, -ere, novi, notus
get to know, find out
notus, -a, -um
known, well-known, famous
nullus, -a, -um
not any, no, not at all
num?
surely ... not?
num
whether
nunc
now
nuntio, -are, -avi, atus
announce, report
nuntius, -i(m)
messenger, message, news
nuper
recently
nusquam
nowhere
obses, obsidis (m)
hostage
obtineo, -ere, -tinui, -tentus
maintain, occupy, hold, achieve
obviam eo, -ire, ior iv+ dative
meet, oppose, resist
obvius, -a, -um
in the way
occasio, -onis (f)
opportunity
occido, -ere, -cidi, -cisus
kill
occultus, -a, -um
hidden, secret
occupo, -are, -avi, -atus
seize, take possession of, occupy
oculus, -(m)
eye
od(perfect tense), odisse
hate
odium, -i(n)
hatred
officium, -i(n)
duty, task, function
olim
once, formerly, one day
omitto, -ere, -misi, -missus
neglect, disregard, make no mention of
omnino
altogether, entirely, at all
onus, -eris (n)
burden, load
opera, -ae (f)
work, effort, attention
operam do, dare, dedi, datus + dative
pay attention to
opinio, -onis (f)
opinion, belief
oportet, -ere, -uit
be necessary, must, ought
oppidum, -(n)
town
opprimo, -ere, oppressi, oppressus
overwhelm, crush, weigh down
oppugno, -are, -avi, -atus
attack
ops, opis (f)
help
opes, -um (f.pl.)
wealth, resources, power
opto, -are, -avi, -atus
pray for, long for
opus, -eris (n)
work, toil, construction
opus est + ablative
there is need of
oro, -are, -avi, -atus
beg
oratio, -nis (f)
speech
orator, -is (m)
speaker, orator
orbis, -is (m)
globe
orbis terrarum
world
ordo, -inis (m)
rank, line, company, order
orior, -iri, ortus sum
rise, start, originate
ornamentum, -(n)
equipment, ornament, decoration
orno, -are, -avi, -atus
decorate
os, oris (n)
mouth, face
ostendo, -ere, ostendi, ostentus
show, point out, indicate
otium, -i(n)
leisure, idleness
cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus
surround
clam
secretly
desino, desinere, desii, desitus
cease
egeo, egere, egui
need G/Abl
erga
towards
fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus
deceive, trick
faveo, favere, favi
favour + DATIV
genus, generis, n.
birth
frigus, frigoris, n
cold
fundo, fundere, fusi, fusus
pour
hasta, hastae, f
koplje
idoneus, 3
convenient
incito,1.
urge, encourage
insidiae, arum f
ambush
insignis
distinguished
instruo, 3, xi, ctus
build, set in order, equip
interea, interim
in the meantime
iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctum
join, unite, fasten
laedo, 3, laesi, laesus
hurt, injure
mando, 1, mandavi, mandatusi
commit, entrust, command
paene
almost, nearly
me paenitet, -ere, -uit
be sorry, regret
paro, -are, -avi, -atus
prepare, provide
parco, -ere, peperc+ dative
spare
parens, -entis (m or f)
parent, (in plur.) relations
pareo, -ere, paru+ dative
obey
pater, patris (m)
father
pateo, -ere, -ui
be open, be exposed
patior, pati, passus sum
suffer, endure, allow
paulatim
gradually, little by little
paulum
a little
pax, pacis (f)
peace
pectus, -oris (n)
chest, breast
pecunia, -ae (f)
money
pedes, -itis (m)
infantry
pello, -ere, pepuli, pulsus
push, drive, rout
perficio, -ere, -feci, -fectus
bring about, complete, perfect
pertineo, -ere, -tinui
be aimd at, tend to, concern
perturbo, -are, -avi, -atus
distur, alarm
pervenio, -ire, veni, -ventus
reach, arrive at
pes, pedis (m)
foot
peto, -ere, petivi, petitus
seek, ask for, make for, attack
petitio, -onis (f)
request, claim, candidature
placo, -are, -avi, -atus
soothe, reconcile
plebs, plebis (f)
the people, common people
plurimus, -a, -um
very many, most
poenas do
pay the paenalty, be punished
polliceor, -eri, pollicitus sum
promise
porta, -ae (f)
gate
porto, -are, -avi, -atus
carry, bear, take
portus, -us (m)
port, harbour
posco, -ere, poposci
demand, ask for
possum, possi, potui
can, be able
possideo, -ere, -sedi, -sessus
possess
postea
afterwards, then
posterus, -a, -um
next, following, future
postquam
after, when
postremus, -a, -um
last
postulo, -are, -avi, -atus
demand, ask
potestas, -atis (f)
power, authority
praeceps, praecipitis
headlong, steep
praeclarus, -a, -um
distinguished, glorious, famous
praeda, -ae (f)
booty, plunder
praemium, -i(n)
prize, reward
praesens, -entis
present, in person
praesidium, -i(n)
protection, garrison, fortification
praesto, -are, praestiti, praestitus
show, present
praeter + accuastive
except, beyond, besides
praeterea
besides, moreover, in addition
praetor, -is (m)
praetor
precor, -ari, precatus sum
pray, pray to, beg
preces, precum (f.pl.)
prayer, request
premo, -ere, pressi, pressus
push, press, crush
pretium, -i(n)
price, value
primus, -a, -um
first, chief
prior, prius
first, in front, earlier, superior
princeps, -ipis (m)
chief, chieftain, emperor
prius
earlier, before now
priusquam
before
pro + ablative
in front of, for, in return for
probo, -are, -avi, -atus
prove, examine
procul
far off
prodo, -ere, -didi, -ditus
betray
proelium, -i(n)
battle
proelium committo, -ere, -misi, -missus
join battle
profero, -ferre, -tuli, -latus
bring forward, produce, make known
proficiscor, -i, profectus sum
set out
progredior, -i, progressus sum
advance
prohibeo, -ere, -hibui, -hibitus
prevent
promitto, -ere, -misi, -missus
promise
prope + accusative
near
propior, propius
nearer
proximus, -a, -um
nearest, next, last
propinquus, -a, -um
near, neighbouring, related
propono, -ere, -posui, -positus
propose, put forward
propter + accusative
on account of, because of
provincia, -ae (f)
province
me pudet, -ere, puduit
be ashamed
quaero, -ere, quaesivi, -itus
search for, ask for, ask, enquire
qualis, -e
what sort of
quam
how, than, as
quamquam
although
quando
when?
quantus, -a, -um
how big? how much?
quare
how? why? therefore
quasi
as if, just as, nearly
quicumque, quaecumque, quodcumque
whoever, whatever
quidam, quaedam, quoddam
one, a certain, some
quia
because
quidem
indeed, in fact, however
quies, -etis (f)
rest, peace, quiet
quis, quis, quid
who? what? any
quisquam, quicquam
anyone, anything
quisque, quaeque, quidque
each, each one, every
quisquis, quicquid
whoever, whatever
quo
where to?
quod
because, (as to) the fact that
quomodo
how? in what way?
quondam
once, one day
quoniam
since
quoque
also, too
quot
how many?
quotiens
how often? as often as
rapio, -ere, rapui, raptus
seize, grab, carry off, plunder
ratio, -onis (f)
account, reckoning, manner, reason
recipio, -ere, recepi, receptus
regain, receive, welcome
me recipio
retreat, withdraw
rectus, -a, -um
straight
reddo, -ere, reddidi, redditus
give back, restore, hand over, make
reditus, -us (m)
return
refero, -ferre, rettuli, relatus
bring back, report, refer
rego, -ere, rexi, rectus
rule, direct
regredior, -, -gressus sum
go back, return
religio, -onis (f)
religion, superstition
relinquo, -ere, -liqui, -lictus
leave, leave behind, abandon
reliquus, -a, -um
the rest of, the other
reperio, -ire, repperi, repertus
find, discover, find out
repeto, -ere, petivi, -petitus
seek again, repeat, claim
reprehendo, -ere, -hendi, -hensus
find fault with, rebuke
res publica (f)
affairs of state, the state
respondeo, -ere, respondi
reply
retineo, -ere, -tinui, -tentus
keep, hold back, restrain, check
reus, re(m)
defendant, culprit
rideo, -ere, risi
laugh, smile
ripa, -ae (f)
river bank
rogo, -are, -avi, -atus
ask
rus, ruris (n)
country, countryside
rusticus, -a, -um
country, in the country, of a countryman
sacer, sacra, sacrum
sacred
sacerdos, -otis (m)
priest
saepe
often
saevus, -a, -um
savage, cruel
salus, -utis (f)
safety, health
sane
obviously
sanguis, -uinis (m)
blood
sapiens, (gen.) sapientis
wise
sapientia, -ae (f)
wisdom
satis
enough
saxum, -i (n)
rock
scelus, -eris (n)
crime
scientia, -ae (f)
knowledge
scio, -ire, scivi
I know
scribo, -ere, scripsi, scriptus
I write
se
himself, herself, themselves
sed
but
sedeo, -ere, sedi
I sit
semper
always
senator, -oris (m)
senator
senatus, -us (m)
senate
senectus, -tutis (f)
old age
senex, senis (m)
old man
sententia, -ae (f)
opinion, judgement, sentence
sentio, -ire, sensi, sensus
I feel, notice, hear, judge
sequor, -i, secutus sum
I follow, pursue, attend
sermo, -onis (m)
speech, conversation
sero
late, after a long time
servo, -are, -avi, atus
I save, protect, keep, look after
servus, -i (m)
slave
si
if
sic
thus, in this way
sicut
like, as, just as, as if
signum, -i (n)
sign, signal, (military) standard
silentium, -i (n)
silence
silva, -ae (f)
wood, forest
similis, -e
simliar, like
simul
at the same time, together
simulacrum, -i (n)
image, statue
sine + ablative
without
sinister, -stra, -strum
left, on the left
sinistra
left hand
sive / seu
or, if
socius, -i (m)
companion, partner, ally
soleo, -ere
I am accustomed
sollicitus, -a, -um
worried, anxious
sollicitudo, -inis (f)
anxiety, worry
solus, -a, -um
alone, lonely, only, on one's own
solvo, -ere, solvi, solutus
I loosen, untie, cast off
soror, -oris (f)
sister
spectaculum, -i (n)
show, spectacle
specto, -are, -avi, atus
I look at, watch
spero, -are, -avi, -atus
I hope, expect
spes, -ei (f)
hope
spolio, -are, -avi, -atus
I deprive
sponte
deliberately
mea sponte
of my own accord, voluntarily
sto, -are, steti
I stand, lie at anchor
statim
at once
statuo, -ere, statui, statutus
I establish, set up, decide
sterno, -ere, stravi, stratus
I lay low, knock over
strepitus, -us (m)
noise, din
studium, -i (n)
enthusiasm, devotion
stultus, -a, -um
stupid
suavis, -e
sweet
sub + acc.
under, to the depths of
sub + abl.
under, beneath
subito
suddenly
sumo, -ere, sumpsi, sumptus
I take up. put on
summus, -a, -um
highest, greatest, top
supero, -are, -avi, -atus
I overcome, overpower, surpass, achieve, win
super
over, above
superus, -a, -um
situated above, heavenly
superi, -orum (m.pl.)
gods
supplicium, -i (n)
punishment, penalty
surgo, -ere, surrexi, surrectus
I get up, rise, grow up
suscipio, -ere, suscepi, -ceptus
I undertake, take on
sustineo, -ere, -tinui, -tentus
I sustain, withstand
suus, -a, -um
his, her, their
sui, -orum (m.pl.)
his family, his people
tabula, -ae (f)
writing tablet, plaque
taceo, -ere, tacui
I am silent, am quiet
tacitus, -a, -um
quiet, silent, in silence
talis, tale
such
tam
so
tamen
however
tamquam
as, like
tandem
at last
tantus, -a, -um
so great (plural - so many)
tantum
so much, such a great number
telum, -i (n)
weapon, dart
tempestas, -tatis (f)
storm
templum, -i (n)
temple
tempto, -are, -avi, -atus
I try, put to the test
teneo, -ere, tenui, tentus
I hold, occupy, possess
terra, -ae (f)
land, earth, ground
terreo, -ere, -ui, territus
I frighten
testimonium, -i (n)
evidence, testimony
testis, -is (m)
witness
timeo, -ere, timui
I am afraid, fear
timidus, -a, -um
fearful, frightened
timor, -oris (m)
fear
tollo, -ere, sustuli, sublatus
I raise, lift up; remove, do away with
tot
so many
totiens
so many times, so often
totus, -a, -um
whole
trado, -ere, tradidi, traditus
I hand over
traho, -ere, traxi, tractus
I drag, draw on, urge on, derive
trans + accusative
across
trepidus, -a, -um
anxious, apprehensive
tristis, -e
sad
trucido, -are, -avi, -atus
I slaughter
tu
you (sing.)
tuus, -a, -um
your
tueor, tueri, tuitus sum
I watch over, protect
tum
then
tumultus, -i (m)
riot
tunc
then
turbo, -are, -avi, -atus
I disturb, confuse
turpis, -e
foul, disgraceful
tutus, -a,-um
safe
ubi
where, when
ubique
everywhere
ullus, -a, -um
any
ulterior
farther, more distant, additional
umquam
ever
unde
from where
undique
on all sides
universus, -a, -um
the whole, entire
urbanus, -a, -um
smart, fashionable, refined; city-dweller
urbs, urbis (f)
city
usus, -us (m)
use
ut + indicative
as, as soon as, when
ut + subjunctive
that, so that, in order that
uter, utra, utrum
which of two?, either of two
uterque, utraque, utrumque
each, both, each of two
utrimque
on both sides
utrum ... an
whether ... or
utor, uti, usus sum + ablative
I use
utilis, -e
useful
uxor, -oris (f)
wife
valeo, -ere, valui
I am well, feel well, thrive, prosper
valetudo, -inis (f)
good health, health
validus, -a, -um
strong
varius, -a, -um
different, various
vas, vasis (n)
vase, vessel
vehementer
violently, loudly
vel
or
-ve
or
velut
like
vendo, -ere, vendidi, venditus
I sell
venio, -ire, veni
I come
ventus, -i (m)
wind
verbum, -i (n)
word
vereor, -eri, veritus sum
I am afraid, fear
vero
indeed
versor, -ari, -atus sum
I come and go frequently, pass my time, am involved in
verto, -ere, verti, versus
I turn, overturn
verus, -a, -um
true, real
veritas, -tatis (f)
truth
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (plural)
vestigium, -i (n)
footprint, track
via, -ae (f)
street, way
video, -ere, vidi, visus
I see
videor, -eri, visus sum
I seem
villa, -ae (f)
house, villa
vinco, -ere, vici, victus
I conquer, win, am victorious
vinculum, -i (n)
fastening, chain
vinum, -i (n)
wine
violo, -are, -avi, -atus
I violate, treat with violence
vir, viri (m)
man
vires, virium (f.pl.)
forces, strength
virtus, -tutis (f)
courage, virtue
vis (f)
force, violence
vita, -ae (f)
life
vito, -are, -avi, -atus
I avoid
vitium, -i (n)
sin, fault, failure, vice
vivo, -ere, vixi
I live, am alive
vix
hardly, scarcely, with difficulty
voco, -are, -avi, -atus
I call
volo, velle, volui
I want
voluntas, -tatis (f)
will, willingness, wish
voluptas, -tatis (f)
pleasure
vox, vocis (f)
voice
vulnero, are, -avi, -atus
I wound
vulnus, -eris (n)
wound