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Foundations of American Democracy
Terms in this set (20)
Rule of Law
the idea that everyone must follow the same laws
America's first written constitution; signed before the Pilgrims left the ship
English Bill of Rights
Guaranteed rights to the English government and to the people
King John was forced to sign this; it established rule of law in England
a type of government where people elect representatives to make laws
In this document, Thomas Paine explained why America needed to rebel against the British
An unspoken agreement between people and the government
Natural law, life, liberty and property, Social Contract, Influenced the Declaration of Independence
Separation of powers- legislative, executive and judicial, Checks and balances-limit powers, Influenced the Declaration of Independence
Why did colonist feel that laws passed by Parliament violated their rights?
Colonist were not represented
The colonists formed some of their political ideas from some historical documents.
Magna Carta>>>>>>>>>>>Limited Monarchy
What phrase completes the chart?
The Boston Massacre led to what document being developed?
Declaration of Independence
Where does the government get its power?
Power comes from Consent of the Governed
What cause led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence?
Colonial demand for political change
What best summarizes life, liberty and property?
Have the right to live without fear, to be free and to own things.
How did the colonist argue the point that the British Colonies should be free and independent?
Listed examples of King George's abuse of power and described their rights.
"...governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed..." Where does the government get its power?
from the people
In what type of government does the power lie with a small, elite group of people?
A person who rules with absolute power?
What BEST describes a representative democracy?
Citizens choose a smaller group of people to govern on their behalf.
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