41 terms

World War II

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ghetto
separate section of a city where members of a minority group are forced to live
Totalitarianism
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens.
Fascism
an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.
gulag
Russian prison camp for political prisoners
holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
kamikazes
suicide planes loaded with explosives used by the Japanese for the first time at Leyte Gulf
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945.
nonaggression pact
an agreement in which nations promise not to attack one another
Amritsar Massacre
an incident in 1919 in which British troops fired on an unarmed crowd of Indians
isolationism
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Appeasement
Giving in to an aggressor to keep peace
Anti-Semitism
A mindset that people of Jewish heritage were inferior to other races
Adolf Hitler
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocaust.
Josef Stalin
dictator of the Soviet Union, turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Neville Chamberlain
Great British prime minister who advocated peace and a policy of appeasement
Franklin Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
Harry S Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Dwight Eisenhower
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
Erwin Rommel
The 'Dessert Fox', Field Marshal; Germany's best General during WWII
Bernard Montgomery
British General who cut off Rommel from advancing into Africa
Kemal Atatürk
Responsible for modernizing Turkey
Mao Zedong
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
Chiang Kai-Shek
Leader of the Nationalists in China during their civil war with the communists
Mohandas Gandhi
Leader of Indian independence movement
Civil Disobedience and Passive resistance
Hideki Tojo
Japan's prime minister. ordered attack on pearl harbor
Final Solution
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people
Battle of El Alamein
1942-British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa
Siege of Leningrad
German blockade in 1941-42 in Russia resulted in death of 1,000,000 Russian civilians
Battle of Stalingrad
key battle in which Soviets stopped German advance in winter of 1942-1943...turning point in the war on the eastern front.
Bataan Death March
Brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942
Battle of Midway
The turning point in the Pacific; fought in June, 1942
Battle of Guadalcanal
1st major offensive for America against Japan in the Pacific War 1942-1943
Nanjing Massacre
The murder of as many as 300,000 Chinese men, women, and children by the Japanese.
Battle of Britain
A series of battles between German and British air forces, fought over Britain in 1940-1941
Manchurian Incident
Using an explosion on a Japanese-controlled Southern Manchurian railroad as an excuse, Japanese military forces conquered Manchuria and set up a puppet government.
Kristallnacht
"Night of Broken Glass," when Nazis attacked Jews throughout Germany
Nuremberg Laws
1935 laws defining the status of Jews and withdrawing citizenship from persons of non-German blood.
Pearl Harbor
Base in Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, which caused America to enter the war.
D-Day
Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944