123 terms

P. Vocab 7/5- 7/9

STUDY
PLAY
abrupt
adj. sudden or unexpected
aid
v. to give help or assistance
assiduity
n. diligence
backwash
n. a condition, usually undesirable, that continues long after the event which caused it.
bearing
n. the manner in which one conducts or carries oneself, including posture and gestures
bog
n. wet, spongy ground with soil composed mainly of decayed vegetable matter
bromide
n. a platitude or trite saying.
burden
n. that which is carried; load
burrow
n. a place of retreat; shelter or refuge, usually underground
bypass
n. a road enabling motorists to avoid a city or other heavy traffic points or to drive around an obstruction
celebrity
n. a famous or well-known person
chiefly
adv. primarily; essentially
circuit
n. a roundabout journey or course
comprehend
v. to understand the nature or meaning of; grasp with the mind; perceive
conciliate
v. to overcome the distrust or hostility of; placate; win over
conservatism
n. the disposition to preserve or restore what is established and traditional and to limit change.
contemptuous
adj. showing or expressing contempt or disdain; scornful.
contribute
v. to give (money, time, knowledge, assistance, etc.) to a common supply, fund, etc., as for charitable purposes.
cusp
n. a point or pointed end
daring
adj. bold or courageous; fearless or intrepid; adventurous
deceit
n. the act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of misleading; duplicity
decimate
v. to destroy a great number or proportion of
deferment
n. the act of putting off; postponement
deficit
n. a lack or shortage; disadvantage, impairment, or handicap
defy
v. to challenge the power of; resist boldly or openly
deliberation
n. careful consideration before reaching a decision
denigrate
v. to speak damagingly of; criticize in a derogatory manner; sully; defame
deny
v. to refuse to agree or accede to
dim
adj. not bright; tending to be unfavorable
discern
v. to perceive by the sight or some other sense or by the intellect; see, recognize, or apprehend
doctrinaire
n. a person who tries to apply theory without sufficient regard for practical considerations
domestic
adj. of or pertaining to the home, the household, household affairs, or the family
duplicate
n. a copy exactly like the original
elitism
n. consciousness of or pride in belonging to a select or favored group.
embitter
v. to make harsh, acrid
emphatic
adj. forceful; insistent
enable
v. to make possible or easy
encounter
n. to come upon or meet with, esp. unexpectedly
encroach
v. to advance beyond proper, established, or usual limits
engrave
v. to mark or ornament with incised letters, designs, etc
engulf
v. to swallow up; submerge
enlighten
v. to give intellectual or spiritual light to; instruct; impart knowledge to
eradication
n. the removal or utter destruction of something
excavation
n. an area in which digging has been done or is in progress, as an archaeological site
fad
n. a temporary fashion, notion, manner of conduct
faulty
adj. having defects; imperfect
flaw
n. a feature that mars the perfection of something; defect
forbear
v. to keep back; withhold.
grasping
adj. greedy; avaricious
grimy
adj. covered with dirt
grump
v. to complain or sulk.
hearing
n. an instance or a session in which testimony and arguments are presented
heir
n. a person who inherits or has a right of inheritance in the property of another following the latter's death.
immersed
adj. plunged or sunk in or as if in a liquid
indiscernible
adj. cannot be seen or perceived clearly; imperceptible.
infuse
v. to fill or cause to be filled with something
instantaneous
adj. occurring, done, or completed in an infinitesimal or very short space of time
instill
v. to infuse slowly or gradually into the mind or feelings; insinuate; inject
irk
v. to irritate, annoy, or exasperate
jolt
v. to jar, shake, or cause to move by or as if by a sudden rough thrust; shake up roughly
juxtaposition
n. an act or instance of placing objects close together or side by side
kitsch
n. something of tawdry design, appearance, or content created to appeal to popular or undiscriminating taste.
lane
n. a narrow way or passage
masquerade
n. activity, existence, etc., under false pretenses
miffed
adj. put into an irritable mood, esp. by an offending incident
moderate
adj. kept or keeping within reasonable or proper limits; not extreme, excessive, or intense
modicum
n. a moderate or small amount
monstrosity
n. anything having grown outside of reasonable proportions
monstrous
adj. extraordinarily great; huge; immense
nondescript
adj. undistinctive; ordinary
omit
v. to leave out; fail to include or mention
onslaught
n. a sudden and severe onset of trouble
outstrip
v. to outdo; surpass; excel
penitentiary
n. a place for imprisonment, reformatory discipline, or punishment
permissible
adj. allowable
petition
v. to beg for or request (something).
phase
n. a stage in a process of change or development
picturesque
adj. visually charming or quaint, as if resembling or suitable for a painting
plaintiff
n. a person who brings suit in a court (opposed to defendant)
plastic
adj. artificial
pliable
adj. easily bent; flexible; supple: pliable leather.
prehensile
adj. adapted for seizing, grasping, or taking hold of something
premature
adj. occurring, coming, or done too soon
pretension
adj. the laying of a claim to something
procure
v. to obtain or get by care, effort, or the use of special means
quarter
v. to divide into four equal or equivalent parts
realm
n. a royal domain; kingdom
rebate
n. a return of part of the original payment for some service or merchandise; partial refund.
reciprocity
n. mutual exchange; giving and receiving
recriminate
v. to bring a counter charge against an accuser
rehabilitate
v. to restore formally to former capacity, standing, rank, rights, or privileges
reputable
adj. held in good esteem; honorable; respectable; estimable
reserved
adj. kept or set apart for some particular use or purpose.
revered
adj. regarded with respect; venerated
scour
v. to cleanse or polish by hard rubbing, as with a rough or abrasive material
secluded
adj. sheltered or screened from general activity, view, etc
serf
n. a person in a condition of servitude; slave
shallow
adj. of little depth; not deep
shedding
adj. in the state of falling off
shrill
adj. high-pitched and piercing in sound quality
skeptical
adj. showing doubt
solace
n. comfort in sorrow, misfortune, or trouble; alleviation of distress or discomfort.
solitude
n. the state of being or living alone; seclusion
spur
n. anything that goads, impels, or urges, as to action, speed, or achievement.
squelch
v. to put down, suppress, or silence, as with a crushing retort or argument.
steward
n. a person who manages another's property or financial affairs; one who administers anything as the agent of another or others.
stifle
v. to suppress, curb, or withhold
striking
adj. noticeable; conspicuous
synonymous
adj. equivalent in meaning; expressing or implying the same idea.
synthetic
n. compound formed through a process by human agency, as opposed to those of natural origin
tangential
adj. peripheral; only slightly connected
tantalizing
adj. provoking or arousing expectation, interest, or desire
taunting
adj. in a sarcastic, insulting, or jeering manner
temperance
n. moderation or self-restraint in action, statement, etc.; self-control.
tremulous
adj. trembling; wavering
trustee
n. a person, usually one of a body of persons, appointed to administer the affairs of a company, institution, etc.
umpire
n. a person selected to rule on the plays in a game
underhandedly
adv. secretly; stealthily; slyly
uproot
v. to remove violently or tear away from a native place or environment
vex
v. to irritate; annoy; provoke
ware
n. articles of merchandise or manufacture; goods
warped
adj. bent or twisted out of shape, esp. out of a straight or flat form
wrath
n. strong, stern, or fierce anger; deeply resentful indignation