25 terms

Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 14 Vocab, Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 15 Genetic Engineering

Miller and Levine Biology Text Pearson

Terms in this set (...)

entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in its DNA
micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped together in pairs, arranged in order of decreasing size
Sex chromosome
one of two chromosomes that determines an individual's gender
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; also called autosomal chromosome
Sex-linked gene
a gene located on a sex chromosome
chart that shows the presence or absence of a trait according to the relationships within a family across several generations
error in meiosis in which the homologous chromosomes fail to separate properly...may lead to trisomy and/or monosomy
restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA at a sequence of nucleotides
gel electrophoresis
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porous gel and applying an electrical voltage to the gel
application of mathematics and computer science to store, retrieve, and analyze biological data
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
selective breeding
the process of mating organisms with specific characteristics in order to produce desired offspring
crossing dissimilar organisms to bring together the traits of both individuals
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics
the application of a technological process, invention, or method to living organisms
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
a laboratory technique used to make multiple copies of a segment of DNA
recombinant DNA
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
small circular DNA molecules found in the cytoplasm of many bacteria and yeast; used for recombinant DNA studies
genetic marker
a gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry the plasmid from those who don't
containing genes from another organism; produced by the insertion of recombinant DNA into the genome of its host organism
a member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell
gene therapy
process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or disorder. An absent or faulty gene is replaced by a working gene.
DNA microarray
a glass slide of silicon chip where spots of single stranded DNA have been attached
DNA fingerprinting
an analysis of an individual's unique collection of DNA restriction fragments; used to determine if two samples of genetic material are from the same individual.
the scientific study of crime scene evidence