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Study Sheet for Test 3 (Final)
Terms in this set (63)
What does The "Passion" Week mean?
The "crucial" last 8 days.
What does "Via Dolorosa" mean?
"The sorrowful way."
What is meant by the "watershed"?
Watershed is a geological term, means all the water flows one way. Jesus "steadfastly" set his face to go to Jerusalem."
What happened on Sunday of Passion Week?
Triumphal Entry: "Palm Sunday"
What happened on "Palm Sunday"?
Jesus enters Jerusalem as the Prince of Peace.
Palm branches, coats: the king's "highway"
People shout "Hosanna!"
BUT ... Jesus wept that day.
What happened on Monday of Passion Week?
"Cleansing" of the Temple.
The Prince of Peace goes ballistic!
What event happens on the Tuesday of Passion Week that seals the deal?
Judas makes a deal for 30 pieces of silver.
On what day does the Passover seder take place?
What sorts of foods are included in a Passover seder?
Charoset, wine, parsley, bitter herb, egg, motzoh, lamb.
Why is this night different from all other nights?
Distinguished family member speaks in 1st person (we) and tells the family story and the good in that story (God's grace brought us out).
What does "the seder" mean?
Passover (deliverance) meal.
Who hosts the passover seder?
Jesus (as host/paterfamilias/"father") takes motzoh bread (the bread of affliction) and wine (3rd cup, the cup of redemption).
What does Jesus do during the passover seder?
"This ... my body ... my blood (covenant)"
How is Jesus "present" (what is his "substance"?)
transubstantiation (elements transformed)
consubstantiation (elements coexist)
What is another word for "Eucharist"?
"thanksgiving" or Communion or The Lord's Supper
What two simple rites were instituted by Jesus?
Baptism (from the Jewish practice of ritual cleansing)
Communion (from the Jewish Passover seder/meal)
What do both of these simple rites point to?
His death, burial, and resurrection.
What is the interpretation of the motzoh bread?
the bread of affliction, my body
What is the interpretation of the wine?
the cup of redemption, my blood
What also happened on the Thursday after the Passover seder?
In the Gethsemane Garden.
the agony, the submission, the arrest.
What was "the submission"?
"Not my will but yours."
Describe the arrest of Jesus?
Jesus is arrested by the temple guard (around midnight Thursday). Judas' kiss, Peter's swordsmanship, the disciple's exit.
Who did Peter attack with his swordsmanship?
Malchus - his ear gets taken off.
What was the Jewish charge against Jesus?
Blasphemy ("son of god")
What was the Roman charge against Jesus?
Treason ("king", perverting our nation)
Who was Caiaphas?
the Jewish High Priest that Jesus is first brought before in addition to the Jewish High Council (Sanhedrin).
Who was Pontius Pilate?
the Roman governor/procurator (governor of Judea) that Jesus is brought before second.
Ruled in constant tension with the Jewish community.
Known for his brutality.
Presided over the Roman trial of Jesus.
Provided the Roman sanction needed for Jesus' crucifixion.
Who said "No friend of Caesar!" and what did that lead to?
The mob. Ultimately persuaded Pontius Pilate to crucify Jesus.
Who was the third person that Jesus was taken before?
Who was Herod Antipas?
Official (Roman recognition) "King of Jews".
Ordered the execution of John the Baptist.
Sends Jesus back to Pilate.
What is a flagrum?
scourge - wooden handle, leather ropes, metal balls or bones on the ends.
Where is Jesus taken after he is subjected for crucifixion?
Golgotha/Calvary - "the Place of the Skull"
Describe the history of crucifixion?
Practiced since at least 1000 BC.
Brought west by Alexander the Great (4th cent BC)
Anathema to Jews.
The official Roman punishment for non-Romans (slaves, foreigners) convicted of murder or rebellion.
Orchestrated as public spectacle.
What was the cross part of the cross called?
What was the picture of "Alexamenos worships his god"?
Jesus on the cross, instead replaced with the head of a donkey. A man (Alexamenos) stands below worshipping.
What did a crucified person die of?
Exhaustion and asphyxiation.
When was Jesus crucified (nailed to cross)?
9:00 Friday a.m
When did Jesus die?
3:00 Friday afternoon
What were Jesus' 7 "last words" from the cross?
Three are prayers to God.
"Forgive them" ... "My God!" ... "Into your hands"
Two are addressed to others.
"With me in paradise" ... "Your son, your mother"
Two are spoken to no one in particular.
"I'm thirsty" ... "It's finished"
What does "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabbchthani" mean?
"My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?
Who was "John"? (writer of Gospel of John)
"...the disciple whom Jesus loved..."
Assumed to be the son of Zebedee, and the brother of James.
One of the 12 apostles.
One of the "sons of thunder".
Part of Jesus' inner circle.
The Biblical writer associated with 5 NT books (the "Johannine" writings)
What was meant by "sons of thunder"?
Who was included in Jesus' inner circle?
Peter, James, and John.
How much of the Gospel of John is "new"?
90% is new material.
What is the first "sign" is the Gospel of John?
Changing water into wine at the wedding feast at Cana.
What are the Logos?
Word, Logic, Rationality, Wisdom ("the Force")
The Logos became flesh (carne): in-carn-ation.
"In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God..."
What is incarnation?
Jesus as "the Word". The Logos became flesh (carne). The union of the divine nature of the Son of God with human nature in the person of Jesus Christ.
Where is the first "I AM" in the Bible?
Yahweh to Moses at the burning bush: "I AM WHO I AM" (Exodus 3:14)
What are the "I AM" statements in Gospel of John?
I am the Bread of Life.
I am the Light of the World.
I am the Gate, the Good Shepherd.
I am the Resurrection and the Life.
I am the Way, the Truth, the Life.
I am the Vine.
What were the "interviews" in John?
Nicodemus, Samaritan woman at the well, Man born blind ... others
Who was Nicodemus?
a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin
What does the word "Paraclete" mean?
Holy Spirit as Counselor, Comforter, Advocate (lit. one who stands alongside)
What is surprising that Jesus does during the last supper?
The foot washing. Jesus washes the feet of his disciples.
What was Jesus' "new commandment"? What was "new"?
Love one another AS I HAVE LOVED YOU.
Who was responsible for the death of Jesus?
the Bible says-
The Jewish Sanhedrin (Caiaphas)
The Roman officials (Pilate)
Who was the first witness to Jesus' resurrection?
What was the nature of Jesus' resurrection?
Jesus in a new body-both continuous and discontinuous with his pre-death material self-now glorified and imperishable (immune to aging, disease, death).
What did other ancient cultures believe about resurrection?
A renewal, revitalization, of the hopes of Jesus' followers.
Jesus appearing in a vision (non-material) after his death (angel).
Jesus restored to his mortal body of its pre-death state.
If no resurrection? (1 Corinthians 15)
We Christians are believers in a lie—Our preaching is useless and so is our faith.
We are found to have been false witnesses about God.
Christ has not been raised.
We are still in our sins.
Those who have "fallen asleep" (died) in Christ are lost.
We are of all people most to be pitied.
What are the arguments in support of a resurrection?
Resurrection is indeed counter to the laws of nature, science, and medicine ... but couldn't an all-powerful God contravene his own natural laws?
(Paul's personal testimony) The resurrected Christ appeared to me.
The prophets predicted a Messiah who would rise.
There are (in Paul's lifetime) available witnesses to the resurrection all around Jerusalem.
What are the "C.S. Lewis options" regarding Jesus?
How long did Jesus stay after resurrection?
What was "The Ascension"?
The Great Commission" "Go and make disciples".
"Wait in Jerusalem for the Spirit to come on you - You will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth."
Jesus is "taken up" into heaven.
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