American Revolution Test
Terms in this set (61)
commander in chief of the Continental Army who won some and lost some, but always remained hopeful. Won the war at Yorktown.
patriot who leads a gang called the Green Mountain Boys and helped capture Fort Ticonderoga.
British commander who captured New York and Philadelphia, and won the battle of Breed's Hill
very important American general who helped capture Fort Ticonderoga, fight in the battle of Valcour Bay, Quebec, and Saratoga. Became a traitor by switching to the British side.
wrote inspirational pamphlets "Common Sense" and "The American Crisis"
congressman who was the writer of the Declaration of Independence
congressman who helped edit the Declaration of Independence, convinced France to join our side, bought the Bonhomme Richard for our Navy, and negotiated the peace treaty.
young patriot who was captured and hanged when caught spying on the British in NYC.
British general who was captured at Yorktown to end the war.
British general who planned to use 3 armies to attack NY state at Saratoga. Was forced to surrender when only one showed up.
Marquis de Lafayette
superb young French general who fought for the Americans and helped trap the British at Yorktown
John Paul Jones
captain of the American Navy "Father of the Navy" who won a small battle when his ship the Bonhomme Richard captured British ship Serapis.
Baron Friedrich von Steuben
German (Prussian) drill inspector who trained our army well during a vicious winter at Valley Forge.
skilled Iroquois chief who led many brutal attacks on the colonists for the British in PA.
George Rogers Clark
colonist who attacked important British trading posts in the west by defeating Henry Hamilton
British colonel "The Hairbuyer" who was defeated by colonist George Rogers Clark
colonist who became known by the nickname "Swamp Fox" because of his excellent hit and run guerrilla tactics that fooled the British
leader of the colonists who became Washington's "right-hand-man"
Rifle leader of the colonists
American militia that could fight in a minute's notice
surrounding an enemy town or position on LAND in order to force it to surrender
shutting off a port or entire coastline by placing ships so no people or supplies can get through.
a soldier from a foreign country that fights for another country for money
human rights given by God from birth (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness)
A nation that is friends with another
a soldier who uses hit-and-run tactics
a typical soldier in an army
First two battles of the Revolution
Lexington and Concord
The first stage of the war took place in the ________ colonies.
New England (northern)
Fort Ticonderoga was captured by the ________ because it contained _________.
Green Mountain Boys, cannons
First major battle of the Revolution
At Bunker Hill, we lost because we ran out of what?
British decided to ______ American ports and hire _______ to help them win.
Americans lost many men on the march and failed to capture the city of _______.
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that helped get patriots to want to declare independence
The _______ document finally created the USA.
Declaration of Independence
Second stage of the war took place in which colonies?
Lowest point in the war for the Americans
when British captured NYC after the battle of Long Island
The battle of ________ was when Benedict Arnold became a sea captain, had several warships built, and delayed British invasion of NY on Lake Champlain.
Pamphlet Thomas Paine wrote at the lowest point in the war
"The American Crisis"
What was the battle the day after Christmas when American captured 1000 Hessians?
Turning point in the war
battle of Saratoga
What happened in the battle of Saratoga?
British tried to take NY using 3 armies. Only one army showed up so the British were forced to surrender.
A horrible winter was spent by the Americans at _________, PA after the British captured their biggest city of _______, PA
Valley Forge, Philadelphia
Most _______ joined with the British to keep their own land.
______ did many tasks in the war by completing old jobs of soldiers, taking care of wounded soldiers, and sometimes even fighting.
Many ______ fought on both sides hoping to become free after the war.
In what colonies did the third stage of the war mainly take place?
British got a lot of help from _______ in the south.
Benedict Arnold tried to give the plans to _______ to the British.
What was the battle when Cornwallis became trapped in Virginia and had to surrender, leading to the end of the war?
The revolution was ended by what treaty?
Treaty of Paris
How were colonists divided into patriots, loyalists, and neutrals?
1/3, 1/3, 1/3
What large trading post did George Rogers Clark capture?
Many more Americans died from ______ than from bullets.
Three major accomplishments of the Second Continental Congress
1) forms the Continental Army
2) Names George Washington commander in chief
3) Writes the "Olive Branch Petition" which fails
Three parts of the Declaration after the preamble
1) natural rights
2) British wrongs
3) Declared the colonies the independent USA
4 parts of the Treaty of Paris
1) British recognize our independence
2) Americans receive all land east of the Mississippi
3) Spain receives Florida
4) Americans agree to pay loyalists for their losses (we don't)
Four riders who warned colonists of the Redcoats marching to Lexington and Concord
1) Sam Prescott
2) William Dawes
3) Israel Bissell
4) Paul Revere
2 fighting forces Americans used to fight the British
1) Continental Army
2) The militia
What are four things that helped us win the war?
outstanding leadership, knowing the land, strong motivation, and foreign allies