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Digital Photo- CTE Study Guide
Terms in this set (108)
Who invented the first consumer film camera (the
founder of Kodak)?
What were common problems with the first DSLR
Low resolution & expensive
What year did Adobe release the Version 1.0 of
What is the term for the small dots of color that can
be combined to form an image?
What is the name of the first consumer (almost)
digital camera (made by Sony)?
What is the name of the digital camera part that is
made up of a grid of pixels that are sensitive to light?
What are the three primary "additive" colors (colors
Red, Green, Blue
How many pixels are in a megapixel?
What are the four colors commonly used in printing?
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black
What two parts of a digital camera replicate the jobs
of film on a film camera?
Sensor & Memory card
What are three standard steps of photography
Capture, edit, output
Name two processes you should consider while
capturing a photograph.
Focus, exposure, composition, settings, etc.
What is the term for printing a single page with
multiple thumbnail-sized images used as a proof
Contact print or contact sheet
In photography terms, what does DPI and PPI
Dots per inch, Pixels per inch
Why would you choose a lower resolution version of
your image to post onto a website?
Save space, load faster
What minimum resolution is needed for a high resolution
What is the term for when a low-resolution photo is
printed at such a large size that individual pixels are
visible and the image is no longer sharp?
What is the standard resolution for web images?
Name two types of equipment which could be used
to transfer images from a memory card.
USB cable or card reader
Which two types of cameras offer interchangeable
Mirrorless and DSLR
What is a benefit of using the optical viewfinder window on a DSLR compared using the LCD screen while shooting?
What does DSLR stand for?
Digital Single Lens Reflex
What part of the camera is designed to show settings while capturing photos and review images?
What type of cameras has the smallest image sensor?
What is the name of the camera control that allows you to chose a particular setting, such as Av or M?
What mode is represented by a mountain icon on most cameras?
What type of camera generally gives the least manual control options?
Which part of a camera moves in order to focus the subject on the camera sensor?
What mode will have the on-camera flash fire without user control?
What is the Portrait mode designed to do?
Blur background so subject is only thing in focus
What event would be a good use of the continuous shooting mode?
Which shooting mode would you choose if you want to focus on a subject that is extremely close to your lens (often labeled as a tulip)?
What are the three elements you must account for when manually controlling exposure in digital cameras?
Aperture, Shutter speed, ISO
What part of a camera opens/closes to allow more/ less light through, much like the iris in an eye?
What two actions will the camera do if you press the shutter button down halfway?
Focus and measure light
What type of light would require the ISO setting to be high for the exposure to come out correct?
Dark, low light
What digital camera setting controls the sensitivity of the camera?
What is the term for a photo in which the subject is too dark and missing details?
What is the name of the speckle distortion when cameras use too high of an ISO setting?
What is the name of the memory which temporarily holds the image information before it is written out to memory card to allow continuous shooting?
What is the most common image format used by Point-and-Shoot and cellphone cameras?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a heavily-compression JPEG (Basic) vs. a low- compressed JPEG (Extra-Fine)?
Smaller file, lower quality
What are the four most common memory card types used in digital cameras today?
SD (Secure Digital), CompactFlash (CF), Sony MemoryStick, xD
Besides a digital camera, what device can be used to create digital images (for example, copy an old film negative)?
What lossless image format common in DSLRs provides higher quality for editing in Photoshop?
What is the term for when the lens physically shifts in and out to allow magnification at different focal lengths?
What focal lengths would be considered wide-angle?
What type of focal length would be the best choice for sports photography?
What is the term for the in-camera cropping that mimics the effect of a longer focal length lens?
What is the term for a lens with a single, fixed focal length?
What is the mode in which you set the length of time of the exposure and the camera automatically sets the size of the aperture?
Shutter Priority (Tv)
What is the name of the three-legged device used to prevent camera movement when using slow shutter speeds?
Which type of cameras is usually the heaviest and most expensive?
What are the disadvantages to on-camera flashes?
Redeye, flat light, distance
What is the name of the tool that measures the light that is used to determine the proper exposure for a photograph?
What focal length type will magnify an object to look bigger without having to physically move closer?
What is the name of the single-legged pole used to help support cameras when shooting at long focal lengths?
What is the longest shutter speed to be selected before you should use a tripod and cable release?
What is a shutter speed would be recommended to freeze the action of a car driving along a racetrack?
1/1000" or higher
What is an aperture f/stop that would allow for the greatest depth of field?
1/22 or higher
What causes redeye in photos?
Flash on back of eye
What is the purpose of a Soft Box or umbrella in photographic lighting?
Diffuse (soften) the light
What is the term in which you take multiples pictures of your subject at different exposures - both lighter and darker - to get the correct exposure?
What is the name of the Photoshop menu option that allows you to rotate, stretch, distort, etc. an image?
Image > Transform
What is the name of a collection of images designed to demonstrate your abilities and interests?
Which lens filter is used to reduce haze increase contrast in photos?
What is the name of the mounting point on the top of a SLR used to attach an external flash?
What is the purpose of a key light?
Provide the main source of light for the image
What does "monochrome" mean?
Why would you use a flash when taking pictures on a sunny day?
Act as fill light, soften shadows
What is the term for the intensity of a color?
What menu option in Photoshop allows you to change image's resolution, width, and height?
Image > Images Size...
Which Photoshop tool copies an area and duplicates it in another section of the image?
What is the name of the Photoshop tool that allows you to make a selection by tracing an area with your mouse?
What Photoshop keyboard shortcut allows you to add to your current selection?
What Photoshop keyboard shortcuts can increase/ decrease the size of your brush?
Bracket keys [ ]
What Photoshop feature allows you to trim an image to a particular ratio?
What is the name of the Photoshop tool that allows you to make a selection that includes the surrounding pixels of the same color?
Which Photoshop selection tool is designed to select objects with multisided straight lines?
Polygonal Lasso tool
What is the graph that demonstrates the overall tonal range (variations between dark and light) of an image?
Which Photoshop adjustment layer can correct for photos that were too yellow because of the lighting?
What is the Photoshop tool that can increase the exposure for areas of an image that the photographer wishes to be lighter?
Which Photoshop feature controls how much a layer allows the underlying layers to show through?
What Photoshop tool allows you to sample the color from anywhere else on the screen?
What Photoshop keyboard shortcut allows you to undo your last change?
Command-Z (Ctrl-Z on PC)
What Photoshop keyboard shortcut allows you to take away from your current selection?
Option (Alt on PC)
What Photoshop keyboard shortcut allows you to duplicate your current selection within the same layer?
Option (Alt on PC)
What tool can be used to darken a small area of a picture?
Which Photoshop tool is used to fix imperfections like blemishes or wrinkles by using a sample from the surrounding pixels?
What is the name of the adjustment layer where you increase/decrease the intensity of a color?
What Photoshop keyboard shortcut allows you to draw perfectly straight horizontal/vertical lines or perfectly square/circular selections?
What Photoshop adjustment layer can correct for overexposure/underexposure?
If you are working with overlapping layers in Photoshop, which layer will be visible?
What button do you press to temporarily hide/show a layer in Photoshop?
What Photoshop keyboard shortcut allows you to set the selection point for the Clone Stamp?
Option (Alt on PC)
If you create a new layer in Photoshop, where will the new layer be added?
Above the currently selected layer
What Photoshop/Lightroom feature allows to you lighten/darken change particular of the image?
Layer Masks (Photoshop), Adjustment brushes (Lightroom)
Which compositional guideline argues that a photograph is better if the subject is placed away from the exact center?
Rule of thirds
Which compositional guideline says to avoid parts of the main subject overlapping with the background?
Which compositional guideline says to place the camera on the ground or high above the subject?
Perspective (worms eye & birds eye)
What compositional guideline is represented by a set of railroad tracks receding into the distance?
Which compositional guideline says to have a contrast of shape, color, texture, etc. to make subject stand out from background?
Ethically, whose photos do you not require permission to use?
In what type of areas can you take pictures of people without obtaining a photo release?
When using a portrait for commercial purposes, what document is needed from the model?
Signed model release
According to copyright law and ethics, when can you use another person's photographs?
Once you obtain permission
What type of business would a photojournalist work for?
Newspaper or magazine
What is the national student organization associated with CTE courses, such as photography?
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