Terms in this set (16)
emphasizes the recognition of individual speech sounds or syllables
emphasizes the understanding of meaning and not necessarily the identification and comprehension of every word spoken in an utterance
noise-induced hearing loss
permanent sensorineural hearing loss caused by exposure to excessive sound levels
refers to the characteristic dip in hearing sensitivity at around 4,000 Hz that is associated with an audiogram for a patient who has noise-induced hearing loss.
a 3 dimensional graph of speech that displays frequency on the ordinate axis (y-axis), time on the abscissa (X-axis), and amplitude by the density of the tracing.
the auditory system's ability to respond differentially to different frequencies and bands of frequencies
the auditory system's ability to perceive or discriminate sound segments occurring closely in time as separate events.
the effort that a person expends to recognize speech, sometimes at the cost of using processing resources that might otherwise be allocated toward encoding speech into memory
the cognitive system used to temporarily store information that is required to perform complex cognitive tasks such as reasoning, comprehension, and learning and is thought to have limited capacity
the cognitive system used to maintain information for extended periods of time, even a lifetime, and is thought to have unlimited capacity.
the brain's ability to change as a result of experience, behavior, environment, or changes resulting from sensory deprivation or stimulation
mismatched negativity (MMN)
a component of the event-related potential, arises from electrical activity in the brain and occurs after a change in a repetitive sequence of syllables
the processing of sound that is influenced only from input from the auditory periphery, with minimal cognitive processing in terms of expectations or prior knowledge.
-starting with the small parts and build up
the processing of a speech signal that is influenced by expectations and prior knowledge and the way that advances cognition affects perception of sensory inputs
those mental processes involved in obtaining knowledge, in comprehending, and in thinking, including such mental acts as remembering, judging and problem solving
the ability to disregard or attenuate a competing signal while attending to and processing a target signal