The Roaring 20s
Terms in this set (40)
the decade of the 1920's which got its nickname because of its prosperity and excitement.
Return to Normalcy
The name for Warren Harding's plan following World War 1 that included reducing government intervention in business, high tariffs and an isolationist foreign policy.
Fear of the spread of Communism after World War 1, caused by: Russian Revolution, labor strikes after the war, and nativism; led to a crackdown on immigrants and radicals (suppression of rights).
Teapot Dome Scandal
Scandal during the Harding administration involving the granting of oil-drilling rights on government land in return for money.
Warren G. Harding
29th president of the US who called for a "return to normalcy" following World War 1 and whose presidency was plagued with scandal.
30th president of the US who acquired the name "Silent Cal" for being so soft-spoken; a true republican and industrialist, he believed in the government supporting of big business, and whose motto was "the business of America is business."
31st President of the United States, a Republican, who took office in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Herbert Hoover's belief that people must be self-reliant and not depend upon the federal government for assistance.
American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Sacco & Vanzetti
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1920s; arrested, tried and executed for a robbery/murder; they were believed by many to have been innocent but convicted because of their immigrant status and radical political beliefs.
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organizations in 32 cities
Ku Klux Klan
founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American
Buying on Credit
Installment buying in which a consumer would make a small down payment and then pay off the rest of the debt in regular monthly payments, allowed Americans to own products they might otherwise have had to save up for years in order to buy and which ultimately contributed to the Great Depression.
The social movement claiming to improve the genetic features of human populations through selective breeding and sterilization, based on the idea that it is possible to distinguish between superior and inferior elements of society
people who favored American-born citizens to immigrants
Set of laws starting in 1921 that set quotas for the number of immigrants let in.
Scopes "Monkey" Trial
1925, the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when he questioned Bryan about the Bible.
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school
18th amendment which lasted from 1920 to 1933 when the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States
Constitutional amendment which allowed Prohibition
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
Bars that operated illegally during the time of Prohibition
Smugglers of illegal alcohol during the Prohibition era
Term used to describe the 1920's (not the Roaring 20s)
The Great Migration
The movement of African-Americans from the South to the industrial centers of the Northeast and the Midwest beginning just before WWI and continuing into the 1920s
The Harlem Renaissance
The flowering of African American culture where black novelists, poets, and artists celebrated their culture by giving it a voice which altered white Americans' view on African American culture and how blacks viewed themselves
Tin Pan Alley
This section of New York city where musicians and song-writers formed the beginnings of American music including blues, jazz and ragtime.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age who wrote the novel, The Great Gatsby
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader during the Harlem Renaissance
One of the greatest baseball players of all time; helped make baseball the "national pastime"; the first national sports celebrity who played during the 1920s
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean
suffragette and leader of the Women's Christian Temperance Union
American artist known for urban scenes and later paintings of the Southwest
African-American trumpet player who influenced the development of jazz
Female African American blues singer who played and important role in the Harlem Renaissance.
American songwriter of early 20th century who merged traditional elements of music with American Jazz
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
African American leader who in early 20th century called for blacks to return to Africa to form a separate nation there