Life Science 7: Review for Ch. 8 Test
Terms in this set (40)
are changes that help an organism survive
an organism that supposedly gave rise to two or more types of organisms
a dutch botanist, believed that only mutations could produce the necessary genetic changes for biological evolution
someone who believes that the physical universe and life were not NOT created, but happened by natural processes
Darwin sailed on the HMS Beagle to study the life styles of finches and tortoises at this location
occur in the cells that form gametes and pass the changes on to offspring
Theory of intelligent design
the theory that nature shows evidence of design that could not have been the result of biological evolution alone and that there must have been a designer at some point
is the belief that the physical universe was created by God
decent with modification
the idea that newer organisms are the modified descendants of much older organisms
historical evidence supplied by fossils
the belief that God created a complete "first creation", was destroyed during Satan's fall
the worldwide flood of Noah's day, also know as the flood, Noah's flood, and the Genesis Flood
was a French biologist in the 1800s, created the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics
loss of function mutations
unable to produce, examples are albinism and hemophilia
forming of new species, evolutionists claim that this is proof of evolution in action
theory of natural selection
Darwin's idea that only organisms best suited for their environment will survive and reproduce, causing certain traits to become more common in a population
is the change of one kind of organism into another kind of organism
lived in England during the 1800s, entered Cambridge to become a preacher, instead he left college and became a naturalist
is the belief that the physical universe and life were NOT created, but happened by natural processes
gain of function mutations
new genetic information (new traits) must be produced to increase the complexity of organism and form new kinds
a listing of family history
similar structures that evolutionist say are best explained by common ancestry
literal view (or short-day view)
creation week was made up of seven 24-hour days
hypothetical organisms that should exist if evolution were true
the belief that God created new groups of species at widely spaced intervals
theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics
Lamarck's theory that physical changes caused by an organism's environment can be passed on to offspring
according to evolutionists, no longer has a major function human structures that evolutionists considered vestigial
billions of years old
How old do most evolutionists say the earth is?
six thousand years
How old do most young-earth creationist say the earth is?
Evolutionists say that fossils formed from many small catastrophes over millions of years with layers of fossils over a long time
How do most evolutionists say fossils formed?
young earth creationists believe that the majority of fossils were formed several thousand years ago by one major catastrophe- the Genesis Flood
How do most young earth creationists say fossils are formed?
A dead organism must be buried slowly through sedimentation as sediment settles out slowly in the ground
To become a fossil, why must a dead organism be buried slowly?
Creation is accepted by faith because Christians must believe the Bible in spite of science. Our answers depend on our beliefs.
Is Creation accepted by fact or by faith?
Evolution is accepted by fact because no new evidence will demonstrate that the Earth does not orbit around the sun (heliocentric theory), or that living things are not made of cells (cell theory), that matter is not composed of atoms with evolution. Creation can change on earth because Jesus will come to earth again in the rapture.
Is evolution accepted by fact or by faith?
God created light and darkness
What happened on the first day of creation?
God created space to divide the waters
What happened on the second day of creation?
God created land and plants
What happened on the third day of creation?
God created the sun, moon, and stars
What happened on the fourth day of creation?
God created aquatic and flying creatures
What happened on the fifth day of creation?
God created land animals and man
What happened on the six day of creation?