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86 terms

Final

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Albuminuria
abnormal amounts of protein in the urine
Amenorrhea
absence of menstrual flow
Amylase
Enzyme that breaks down carbs in the mouth by salivary glands and pancreas
Bacteriuria
Abnormal amounts of bacteria in urine
Balanitis
Inflammation/infection of glans penis
Balanoplasty
Surgical repair of glans penis
Bile
substance that breaks down fats. - comprised of cholesterol and bile and bile salts- Secreted by liver and GB- Stored in GB
Bowmans capsule
capsule surrounding glomerulus- Funnels waste products on to renal tubule
BPH
Benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia - Enlargement of prostate- Non malignant
Chadwicks sign
Bluish violet hue of cervix and vagina-after approximately
Calyx
Single calyce; cup-like structure at base of renal pyramid that funnals urine to renal pelvis
Candida Albicans
vaginal yeast infection are usually caused by candida albicans
Carcinoma of the testes
cancer of testicles
Chalmydia
STD that can be asymptomatic in women - it will lead to salpingitis in women if left untreated and possible infertility
Chancre
a skin lesion - usually of primary syphilis that begins at the site of infection as a small raised ared and develops into a red, painless ulcer with a scooped-out appearance
Chyme
what bolus becomes when HCL is introduced to it in stomach - watery substance
Colostrum
thin, yellowish fluid - secreted by the nipple during pregnancy - before lactation begins
colposcopy
visual examination of the vagina and cervix using an insterment with lighted binocular microscope for direct examination of the surfaces of the vagina and cervix
Convoluted tubles ( 3 parts)
Proximal, loop of henley, and distal tubule - Reabsorption, secretion and urine formation takes place here
Contraction Stress Test
AKA oxytocin challegen test
Corpus Luteum
A mass of yellowish tissue that forms in the rutured ovulation
Cryptorchidism
hidden/ undescended testicles
C-Section
surgical procedure in which the abdomen and uterus and incised and a baby is delivered transabdominally
Cystoscopy
Visualizing the urinary bladder with a lighted scope
Defecation
the actof expelling feces from the anus
Deglutition
swallowing
Dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
Dysuria
painful urination
Eclampsia
The most severe type of hypertension during pregnancy - Evidenced by seizures
Effacement
Thinning of the cervix prior to delievery
Fertilization
Union of male sperm and female ovum
Fimbriae
finger-like ends of fallopian tubes
fundus of the uterus
the dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus - between the points of insertion of fallopian tubes
Gallbladder
stores bile
Genital Herpes
STD - is not cured aftr using a prescription
Glans Penis
Head of penis
Genital Warts
AKA Condylomata and Venereal warts
Glomerulus
Ball-shaped bundle of capillaries of nephron
Glycosuria
Abnormal amounts of sugar in urine
Gonads
gamete- producing glands
ovaries and testies
Goodell's sign
softing of the cervix
hematuria
abnormal amounts of blood in urine
HVP= Human Papillomavirus
genital warts are usually caused by exposure to this virus
Hyperemesis Gravidarum
abnormal condition of pergnancy - Characterized by severe vomiting that results in maternal ehydration and weight loss
Hysterosalpingography
Radiography of the uterus and oviducts after injection of a contrast medium
Ketonuria
abnormal amounts of ketone in the urine
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder; x-rays of these structures
Lipase
enzyme that breaks down fats - seceted in mouth by salivary glands and pancreas
Malodorous
foul oder, having a bad odor
Mastication
chewing
Medulla
middle portion of kidney or organ
Melena
abnormal - tarry black stool - from digested blood
Menopause
the permanent cessation of the menstrual cycle due to noemal aging process
Menorrhagie
abnormally long or heavy menstrual periods
Micturition
urination
Nephrolithiasis
kidney stones - condition of developing stones
Nephron
Functioning microscopic unit of the kidney; does all the work
Nocturia
urination more than normal at night
Oligomenorrhea
abnormal light or infrequent menstruation
Oarl Luekoplakia
precancerous condition in mouth
Orchitis
inflammation of testicles infection of same
Pap smear
detects cervical cancer
Pharynx
AKA throat - adjoins the oral cavity - has three sections
Phimosis
thightening of forskin so it can't be retracted
Pregnancy testing
testing performed on maternal blood or urine - to determine presence of homone HCG
Primipara
women who has give brith for the first tin=me after 20 wks of gestation
Protozoal
trichomoniasis is a protozoal infection
Pyelonephritis
inflammation of kidney - kidney infection
Quickening
the first feeling of movement of the fetus by the expecting mother - occuring around 18 - 20 wks
Renal column
tissue in between pyramids
Renal Cortex
outer portion of organ/kidney
Renal Pelvis
collecting bowl for urine in the center of the kidney. All calyces flow into the renal pelvis
renal pyramid
fan folded tissues in shapes of triangles/pyramids located in medulla
Residual urine
urine left over in the bladder after voiding
Small intestine (3 parts)
Duodenum-jejunum-ileum
Steatorrhea
greater than normal amounts of fat in feces
Syphilis
has three stages - primary is considered treatable and curable
Testosterone
the male hormone
Thrush
yeast infection found in the mouth
Urgency
needed to void immediately
urinary incontinence
the inability to control urination
ureters
muscual tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder
urethra
tubes leading from the bladder to the outside of body
Urine PH
acid/base - normal range between 4.5-8.0
uterus (3 layers)
Endometrium - Myometrium - perimetrium
Glomerular filtration
process when BP forces waste products out of blood/capillaries in glomerulus and is captured by bowmens capsule