160 terms

Semester Vocab Test

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Terms in this set (...)

Ingrate (noun)
an ungrateful person
indissoluble (adj)
unable to be destroyed or dissolved; lasting
Ordance
An authoritative rule or law; a decree or command
affable (adj)
courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
din(n) (v)
(N)loud and discordant noises
(V)to sound with persistent repetition; to make a din
surmise (v) (n)
(V)to think or believe without certain supporting evidence
(N) an idea or thought of something as being possible or likely; an opinion
harbinger (n) (v)
(N) a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another; an indication.
(V) to indicate the coming of something
Metaphysical(adj)
highly abstract or theoretical; lacking physical form
augment (v)
to enlarge; to increase in amount or intensity
palpable (adj)
able to be touched or felt
naught (n)/(adj)
(N) nothing
(Adj) lost; ruined; useless; worthless
Satiety
The state of being satisfied
stoic
indifferent to pleasure or pain; impassive
Congealed (v)
To turn from liquid to solid; to harden or solidify
equivocate (v)
to use unclear language especially to deceive or mislead someone; to evade
impede (v)
interfere with or slow the progress of; hinder; obstruct; to slow or delay
stealthy (adj)
moving with quiet caution; intending to avoid notice
compunction (n)
a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety caused by a sense of guilt
malevolence (n)
ill will or evil intentions; maliciousness
Pernicious (adj)
Intending to cause harm; harmful; lethal
blank verse (n)
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Prose
The ordinary form of spoken or written language
Disconsolate(adj)
hopelessly unhappy; inconsolable:
Lull(v)/(n)
(v)to put to sleep or rest by soothing means; to soothe or quiet.
(n)a temporary calm, quiet, or stillness:
Inaccessible(adj)
not accessible; unapproachable.
Inveterate(adj)
settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling,
Enmity(n)
a feeling or condition of hostility; hatred; ill will
Contentious(adj)
causing, involving, or characterized by argument or controversy; quarrelsome
Extirpate(v)
to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
Importuned(v)
to beg for (something) urgently or persistently.
Discretion(n)
the power or right to decide or act according to one's own judgment
Repose(n)/(v)
(n)the state of reposing or being at rest; rest; sleep.
(v)to be peacefully calm and quiet
Austere(adj)
severe in manner or appearance; without excess, luxury, or ease; simple; limited
Vexation(n)
irritation; annoyance:
Aspersion(n)
a damaging or derogatory remark or criticism;
Abstemious(adj)
characterized by abstinence
Minion(n)/(adj)
(n)a servile follower or subordinate of a person in power.
(adj)dainty; elegant; trim
Revels(v)/(n)
(v)to take great pleasure or delight
(n)boisterous merrymaking or festivity
Cleave(v)
to adhere closely; stick; cling
Plummet(v)/(n)
(v)to plunge.
(n)something that weighs down or depresses.
Diligent(adj)
constant in effort to accomplish something; attentive and persistent in doing anything
Sect (n.)
A body of persons adhering to particular religious faith
Typify (v.)
To serve as a symbol of; symbolize
Turbulent (adj)
Being in a state of agitation or tumult; disturbed
Indulgence (religious)(n.)
A partial remission of the temporal punishment that is stull due for a sin or sins after absolution
hierarchy (n)
Any system of persons or things ranked one above another
Transcend (v)
To rise above or go beyond; exceed
Compile (v.)
To put or gather together
Serene (adj)
Calm, peaceful, or tranquil
Boisterous (adj)
Rough and noisy; unrestrained; rowdy
collaborate (v)
To work, one with another; cooperate
Emergence (n.)
An outgrowth on the surface of a plant; the act of coming forth into view or existence
Predecessors (n.)
Something succeeded or replaced by something else
adapt (v)
To make suitable to requirements or conditions; to adjust or modify fittingly
Intricate (adj.)
Having many interrelated parts; complex or complicated
plausible (adj)
Having an appearance of truth or reason; worthy of apporval or acceptance
Exemplify (v)
To show or illustrate by example; to serve as an example of
realm (n)
A royal domain; the region or domain within which anything occurs or dominates; the special field of something
Genesis
An origin, creation, or beginning
Ethereal (adj)
Extremely delicate; heavenly or celestial
conjecture (n)/(v)
(N.)the formation or expression of an opinion or theory without sufficient evidence or proof; guess
(V.)to conclude from grounds insufficient to ensure reliability
Direct Characterization
The author or narrator tells the audience what the personality of a character is through descriptive adjectives, or phrases
Indirect Characterization
The author or narrator tells the audience what the personality of a character is through the character's speech, actions , and appearance
Frame story
A story within a story
Couplet
A pair of successive lines of verse
Fabliau
A raunchy story with elements of trickery, sexual humor, bodily function humor
Doleful (adj)
Expressing sorrow; sorrowful, mournful

Ex. A doleful look on her face
betoken (v)
To give evidence of; indicate

Ex. To betoken one's fidelity with a vow
brandish (v)
To shake or wave, as a weapon

Ex. Brandishing his sword, he rode into battle.
grovel (v)
To act in an miserable, or hopeless manner

Ex. He twisted her wrist and made her grovel in the dust.
Interred (v)
To place in a grave or tomb
Timorous (adj)
Full of fear; fearful; indicating fear

Ex. The noise made them timorous.
maxim (n)
a short, brief statement expressing a general truth or rule of conduct.

Ex. He should have stuck to his own maxim : march separately and fight together.
Derision (n)
ridicule; mockery
stringent (adj)
strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling
cant (n)/(v)
(n) insincere; the phraseology peculiar to a particular class, party, or profession; (v) to talk hypocritically
Amnesty (n)/(v)
(n) a general pardon for offenses; (v) to pardon
Vassal (n)/(adj)
(n) a servant or slave; (adj) having the status of a servant or slave
Atone (v)
to make amends or reparation
Onerous (adj)
burdensome, involving hardship or difficulty
Paragon (n)
a model of excellence or perfection
Prattle (v)/(n)
(v) to talk in a foolish or simple-minded way; (n) chatter or babble
Temperate(adj)
moderate or self-restrained; not excessive
Defrauded(v)
To deprive of a right, money, or property by fraud
Distended (adj)
Increased, as in size, volume
loath (adj)
Unwilling; reluctant
pallor (n.)
An unhealthy pale appearance; paleness
Hoary (adj)
Gray or white with age; ancient or venerable
Prating(v.)/(n.)
(v.)To talk excessively and pointlessly
(n.)Empty or foolish talk
Tarry (v)/(n)
(v.)To remain or stay; to delay or be tardy in coming
(n.)A stay
sundry (adj)
Various or diverse
Miscreant (n)/(adj.)
(Adj.)Depraved, villainous
(N.)A vicious or depraved person; villain
anecdote (n)
A short account of a particular event or incident, especailly of an interesting or amusing nature
Withered(v.)
To shrivel or fade; to harmfully affect
Perdition(n.)
A state of final spiritual ruin; the future state of the wicked
Saunter (v)/(n)
(V.)To stroll; to walk with a leisurely manner
(N.)A leisurely walk or stoll
Solicitous (adj)
Anxious or concerned; careful or particular
Garnished(v.)/(n.)
(V.)To provide or supply with something ornamental
(N.)adornment or decoration
Sanguine (adj)
Cheerfully optimistic, hopeful or confident
Prevarication
A false or deliberate misstatement; lie
engender (v)
To produce, cause or give rise to; to come into existence
Sheathe(v.)
To encase, or cover
Morsel(n.)
A bite, mouthful or small portion of something
Sedately(adj)/(v)
(Adj)Calm, quiet or composed
(V)To put someone a calm mental state
cloister (n)
A courtyard or a place of religious seclusion
Prelate(n.)
An ecclesiastic of a high order, as an archbishop, or bishop
assay (v)
To examine or analyze
Adjure (v)
To charge, bind, or command earnestly and solemnly
Recreant(adj)/(n)
(Adj)Cowardly or craven; unfaithful or disloyal
(N)A coward or traitor
Caviled(v)/(n)
(V)to raise trivial objections; to oppose by insignificant objections
(N)A trivial and annoying objection
largesse (n)
Generous bestowal of gifts
Imbued (adj)
To impregnate or inspire, as with feelings or opinions
pinnacle (n)
The highest or culminating point, as of success, power or fame
Swooned(v)/(n)
(V)to faint; lose consciousness
(N)a faint or fainting fit
Vaunting(adj)
Having a boastful proud disposition; marked by boastful pride
Cower (v)
To crouch, as in fear or shame
transitory (adj)
Not lasting or enduring; lasting only a short time
Respite (n)/(v)
(N)An interval of relief
(V)To relieve temporarily
tempest (n.)/(v.)
(N)A violent windstorm
(V)To affect by or as by a tempest
Reckoning
the act or process of getting even or getting revenge.
Proffered(v)/(n)
(V)To put before a person for acceptance
(N)An offer or proposal
Celestial(adj)/(n)
(Adj)Pertaining to the spiritual or invisible heaven
(N)an inhabitant of Heaven
Insular(adj)
Of or relating to an island; isolated; narrow-minded
Culminated(v)
To reach the highest point; highest development
strife (n)
Vigorous or bitter conflict; a quarrel
Depleted(v)
To decrease seriously or exhaust the abundance or supply of
Frame story
A story within a story
Fablieau
A short metrical tale, usually humorous
Characterization
portrayal; description
Exemplum
An example or model; an anecdote that illustrates or supports a moral point
Animal fable
...
affliction
(n) something that causes pain or suffering;

pain or suffering;

disorder, disease, ailment
solace
(n) comfort or consolation in a time of distress or sadness;

(v) to comfort, console, or cheer (a person, oneself, the heart, etc.)
mead-hall (?)
(n) in ancient Scandinavia and Germanic Europe a hall or feasting hall was initially simply a large building with a single room;

anteroom, entrance, entrance-way, entry, foyer
fetters
(n) a chain or manacle used to restrain a prisoner, typically placed around the ankles;

a restraint or check on someone's freedom to do something, typically one considered unfair or overly restrictive.

(v) restrain with chains or manacles, typically around the ankles.
plunder
(v) steal goods from (a place or person), typically using force and in a time of war or civil disorder;

(n) the violent and dishonest acquisition of property
loathsome
(adj) causing hatred or disgust; repulsive, hateful, sickening
animosity
(n) strong hostility; a feeling of strong dislike, ill will, or enmity that tends to display itself in action
elegiac
(adj) relating to or the characteristic of a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one who is dead; wistfully mournful

(n) special couplet verse
prowess
(n) skill or expertise in a particular activity or field;

exceptional valor, bravery, or ability, especially in combat or battle
vernacular
(n) the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region;

(adj) (of language) spoken or written as one's mother tongue/language
banished
(ptv/adj) sent away from a country or place as an official punishment; forbidden, abolished
jutting
(v) extending out, over, or beyond the main body or line of something; causing to protrude

(typically followed by "out")
laments
(n pl.) passionate expressions of grief or sorrow;

a song, piece of music, or poem expressing sorrow;

an expression of regret or disappointment; a complaint;

(v) to mourn, grieve, or express regret or disappointment
purge
(n) an abrupt or violent removal of a group of people from an organization or place;

(v) rid (someone) of an unwanted feeling, memory, or condition, typically giving a sense of cathartic release; to remove
quench
(v) satisfy (one's thirst) by drinking; satisfy (a desire);

extinguish (a fire)
reparation
(n) the making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged;

the action of repairing something
sinews
(n) the parts of a structure, system, or thing that give it strength or bind it together;

a piece of tough fibrous tissue uniting muscle to bone or bone to bone; a tendon or ligament

(v) to strengthen with __________
spawned
(ptv) to be laid, produced, generated; to have appeared
taut
(adj) stretched or pulled tight; not slack;

(of writing, music, etc.) concise and controlled;

(of a ship) having a disciplined and efficient crew.
writhing
(v) continual twisting, squirming movements or contortions of the body;

respond with great emotional or physical discomfort to (a violent or unpleasant feeling or thought)
alliteration
a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series

Ex: But a better butter makes a batter better;
A big bully beats a baby boy.
caesura
a rhythmical pause in a poetic line or a sentence, often occurring in the middle of a line, or sometimes at the beginning and the end. (Represented by ||)

medial (occurring in the middle of line),
initial (occurring at the beginning of poetic line), or
terminal (occurring at the end of a poetic line)

Ex: "I hear lake water lapping || with low sounds by the shore...";
"The headphone explodes, || breaking the mold"
epic hero
a brave and noble character in an epic poem, admired for great achievements or affected by grand events

Ex: Beowulf
epic poetry
a main type of poetry that tells a dramatic story; this type of poem is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.

Ex: Odyssey
kenning
a two-word phrase that describes an object through metaphors;

a compressed metaphor that means meanings illustrated in a few words

Ex: "whale-road" represents the sea
oral tradition (?)
information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down

Ex: myths, tall tales
scop (?)
old English poet
wergild (?)
amount of compensation paid by a person committing an offense to the injured party or, in case of death, to his family.
wyrd
fate or "fated"; recognizing unchangeable past in the present;

heroic speakers like Beowulf describe themselves as being "fated" (i.e., having a wyrd) that requires them to act in a certain way

(not to be confused with destiny, which refers to the future)