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an official engaged in international negotiations


easily irritated or annoyed


the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government




code of correct conduct


opening in the rear of the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded


vote against

indentured servant

Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America


a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority


limiting or reducing


having to do with the law


persons who administer the law


expressing careful judgment


the most powerful members of a society


ungracefully tall and thin


no longer used or useful; very old


a store that sells cheap ready-made clothing


combining clever conception and facetious expression


cleverly amusing in tone

John Adams

Second President, 1797-1801, diplomat in France, Holland and England. believed in republicanism. Federalist

1798 the Federalist Congress passed laws called _____ and ______ Acts

Alien and Sedition

Goverment with three parts

Executive, legislative and judicial

199, ______ _____ was elected to Congress as a member of the Federalist Party

John Marshall

John Marshall

was elected to Congress as a member of the Federalist Party, secretary of State, chief justice of the U.S Supreme Court

U.S Supreme Court

last stop in the appeal process; 9 judges; highest court in the nation; hears only appeals; unanimous by judges; can hear cases from appeals court and state courts

judicial review

the review of laws by the courts

Election of 1800, ___ ______ became president

Thomas Jefferson

Alien and Sedition

set of laws to protect the nation's security passed by Adams administration

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