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Devices and Strategies, ACT Reading Test Vocabulary
Terms in this set (50)
compares an abstract idea to a concrete object
Love is a garden.
compares an abstract idea to a concrete object using like or as
My love is like a red, red rose.
gives an abstract idea life-life qualities
The stars danced in the night sky
referencing an event from history, pop culture, religion, or mythology
He was a real Romeo with the ladies.
A concrete object representing an abstract idea
The American flag representing freedom
a list of words, phrases, or clauses written in the same way
I came. I saw. I conquered.
I like playing, reading, and jumping.
A complete thought with a single idea.
The student studied all night.
Two complete thoughts joined with a comma and FANBOYS
The student studied all night, and then he fell asleep.
A sentence where one incomplete thought depends on another complete thought. SUBORDINATION
The student studied all night BECAUSE he wanted to pass.
a small piece of information or a fact about something
He studied for the AP Biology semester exam all night.
The emotional connections or contextual situation a word is associated with
Late vs. tardy Sexy vs. Beautiful
The dictionary definition of a word
Us/we - Includes the speaker and audience
You - singles out the audience, isolates
I - the speaker
They/Them - Excludes a group from the audience
Highlights the differences between two ideas/topics in order to make a point
Gives special importance to a particular idea/topic
Shows how two ideas/topics are related and similar in order to make a point
Shows how two ideas/topics are of equal importance even though they might seem unrelated
Appeal to emotion
Makes audience feel a certain emotion in response to a piece of information
Confirms a speaker is trustworthy, or knowledgeable about a topic
Appeal to Logic
Provides facts and information that can't be argued against
Swelling; fluttering; waving
walking or conducting oneself with an arrogant air; strut
the blue color of a cloudless sky
forced to do something
a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan (especially an unethical or illegal plan)
capable of being done with means at hand and circumstances as they are
sly, shrewd, cunning
High standing; respect earned by accomplishments
greedy; very hungry; eager for satisfaction
belief, mental acceptance
a room or large cupboard for storing food
curved down like an eagle's beak
having a rich, smoothly flowing sound
lively; pulsing with energy
essential; inherent; built-in, belonging to a thing by its very nature
having to do with the sense of hearing
an arrangement of parts or elements
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
basic; primary; essential
happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface
similar or correspondent in some respects though otherwise dissimilar
to portray in words; describe or outline with precision
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
having no limits or boundaries in time or space or extent or magnitude
be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind, not obvious
to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute
a general disposition to look on the dark side and to expect the worst in all things
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