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(3 components of) TBW
ICF (intracellular fluid, interstitial fluid), Plasma (intravascular fluid), ECF (extracellular fluid)
potassium (extracellular electrolytes responsible for)
osmotic pressure within the ICF (which electrolyte)
contain small molecules that can pass thru semipermeable membrane and enter all body compartments
contain large molecules that do not readily pass through a semipermeable membrane (used for expanding blood volume)
artificial colloids solutions
hydroxyethyl starches (hetastarch, pentastarch), dextrans, gelatins (gelofusin, haemaccel, vetaplasm)
(goal in Tx of acute) hemorrhagic hypovolemia
stop hemorrhage and support the cardiovascular system (restoration of vascular volume)
condition in which systemic blood pressure is inadequate to deliver oxygen and nutrients to vital tissues and organs
(goal in Tx of) shock
identify cause, focus on restoring blood volume and improving tissue perfusion (fluid therapy is the foundation)
evaluation factors of fluid therapy
fluid loss, volume of fluid loss, rate of fluid loss, fluid solution selected, volume and rate of administration, patient status
SQ fluid sites
over the dorsal neck and cranial trunk, where loose connective tissue is abundant (area where limbs join the trunk should be avoided)
IV fluid sites (easy to prepare, catheterize, bandage)
cephalic, medial femoral, and saphenous veins
laboratory test (used to evaluate degree of anemia vs dehydration)
packed cell volume (PCV), total plasma protein (TPP)
Fresh Whole Blood (FWB contains)
RBC, WBC, platelets, plasma proteins, and coagulation factors (Tx for acute hemorrhage, hypovolemic shock, thrombocytopenia)
Stored Whole Blood (SWB contains)
RBC, Plasma proteins (Tx for anemia with hypoproteinemia, hypovolemic shock)
Packed Red Blood Cells (PRBC contains)
RBC, reduced plasma (Tx to increase red cell mass in symptomatic anemia)
Platelet Rich Plasma (contains)
Platelets, few RBC's & WBC's, some plasma (Tx for life threatening bleeding)
Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP contains)
plasma, albumin, all coagulation factors (Tx for coagulation disorders/factor deficiencies)
Frozen Plasma (FP contains)
plasma, albumin, stable coagulation factors (Tx for stable coagulation factor deficiencies)
Cyopreciptate (CRYO contains)
factor VIII, vWF (vonWillebrand factor), fibrinogen, fibronectin (Tx for von Willebrand & hemophilia A patients)
sterile solution of purified , polymerized bovine hemoglobin in a modified lactated ringer's solution (increases oxygen delivery to tissues, has no need for blood typing)
canine blood types
DEA (erythrocyte antigen)1.1, 1.2, and 3-13 (total 13 specific antigens or blood types)
universal canine blood donor
DEA 1.1- negative (ideally, also DEA 1.2- negative and DEA 7- negative)
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