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30 terms

Jackson Democracy & War of 1812

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Whig Party
political party OPPOSED to Jackson, favored a weak president and a strong congress
spoils system
rewarding your supporters government jobs
kitchen cabinet
group of advisors to Andrew Jackson, group of close friends who met in a common area of the White House
John Calhoun
Andrew Jackson's vice president who he had hung for treason
Jacksonian Democracy
a government based on the common man - 1820 to 1840
Worcester v. Georgia
ruled that the Cherokee tribe was independent from the US, 1832 - Jackson ignored it
Indian Removal Act
1830 - law that moved all Native Americans living East of the Mississippi to Indian Territory
Second Great Awakening
period of renewal in Christian beliefs, occurred during the 1800s
Trail of Tears
1838-39, 800 mile forced march of the Cherokee from Georgia to Indian Territory
Panic of 1837
a period of economic depression after Andrew Jackson's presidency, lead to the election of the Whigs
Nullification Crisis
South Carolina threatened to leave the US, Andrew Jackson used the army and had his vice president hung to prevent it
McCulloch v. Maryland
created the National Bank, state powers were limited
John Marshall
Supreme Court Chief Justice who ruled on many important trials, helped create a strong Supreme Court
paper money
Andrew Jackson hated this form of currency; felt it had no "real" value
Battle of New Orleans
final battle of the War of 1812, occurred two weeks after the treaty was signed, Andrew Jackson became a war hero
Industrial Revolution
the 2nd Great Awakening, transcendentalism, and Romantics developed as a reaction to this, an event occuring the the US creating cities and factories
Seminole
Native American tribe in FLORIDA who raided settlements in Georgia, Andrew Jackson sent to stop them and ends up taking Florida
Adams-Onis Treaty
agreement that gave Florida to the US
judicial review
Marbury v. Madison established this, the power of the Supreme Court
Sutter's Mill
place in California where gold was discovered
49ers
nickname for the miners who flocked to California for gold
American River
the river where gold was discovered in California
Chinese
group of immigrants who came from across the Pacific who also searched for gold
tariff
taxes on imported goods
War of 1812
the name for Mr. Madison's War, or the Second War for Indpendence
Britain
the country the US fought during the War of 1812
Old Hickory
nickname for Andrew Jackson, meant he was "tough"
civilized tribe
name for groups of Indians who tried to fit in with the Americans, went to school & adopted American culture
pirates
group who helped Andrew Jackson fight at New Orleans, provided supplies and cannons
corruption
the reason Andrew Jackson ran for president, to stop this in government