21 terms

Expresiones Condicionales

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

What are the different options?
Deseos realistas (indicative, indicative), deseos menos realistas (pasado del subjuntivo, condicional), deseos menos realistas en el pasado/deseos imposibles (pluscuamperfecto/perfecto del pasado de subjuntivo, condicional perfecto), y
If I pass 311, I will take 312.
Si apruebo 311, voy a tomar el 312 (1).
If they receive the gold medal today, they will go to the Olympic games.
Si reciben el medallo de oro hoy, van a los juegos Olímpicos (1).
If I move today, I will have time tomorrow.
Si me mudo hoy, tendré tiempo mañana (1).
If I were taller, i would be a model
.Si yo fuera más alto, yo sería una modelo (2).
If Antonio wasn't married, I would marry him.
Si Antonio no estuviera casado, me casaría con él (2).
If we had money, we would go on vacation this Jnuary.
Si tuviéramos dinero, iríamos de vacaciones este enero.
If I ate mroe, my clothes wouldn't fit.
Si comiera más, mi ropa no me quedaría (2).
If my son had studied more, he wouldn't have failed the course.
Si mi hijo hubiera estudiado más, no habría suspendido el curso (3).
Perfecto implica...
anterioridad
What are the different perfectos?
presente perfecto (he ido), pluscuamperfecto/perfecto el pasado (había ido), futuro perfecto (habré/habrá/habrás/habremos/habrán ido), condicional perfecto (habría comido). Then there are the subjunctive ones, like the present perfect subjunctive (haya ido) and the pluscuampefecto del subjuntivo (hubiera ido).
I have always loved you.
Yo siempre te he amado. Pronouns can only go before. Siempre and te can't get in the middle of he amado because it is a verbal structure.
It's good you bought your book.
Es bueno que hayas comprado tu libro.
So the present perfect means...and the pluscuampoerfecto means...
antes de ahora, versus antes de otro momento en el pasado.
I hope you will e done with your paper by Friday.
Espero que habrás terminado con el papel para viernes.??? I THINK HAYAS??
In order for the present perfect to use the subjunctive...
1) there has to be an expression that motivates the use of the subjunctive
2) there has to be two distinc sujbects
I ame xcited that you saw the movie.
Me emociono que hayas visto a película.
I didn't believe you watched the movie.
No creía que hubieras visto la película.
With a million dollars as a 10-year-old, I woud have bought toys but now I would buy a house. Winning the lottery at 10 I would have not saved it.
Con un milón de dólares a la edad de 10, habría comprado juguetes pero ahora compraría una casa. De ganar la lotería de 10 años no lo habría ahorrado.
What is neutralization?
In some places habría hecho has become just hubiera hecho for whatever reason.
If they hadn't had a strike, now they would have bad conditions.
Si no hubieran tenido una huelga, ahora tendrían malas condiciones.