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20 terms

8th Grade Vocabulary: Unit 1 Definitions

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adage
(n) a proverb, wise saying
bonanza
(n) a rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable, profitable, or rewarding; a source of wealthy or prosperity; a very large amount; sudden profit or gain
churlish
(adj) lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude
citadel
(n) a fortress that overlooks and protects a city; any strong or commanding place
collaborate
(v) to work with, work together
decree
(n) an order having the force of law; (v) to issue such an order; to command firmly or forcefully
discordant
(adj) disagreeable in sound, jarring, lacking in harmony, conflicting
evolve
(v) to develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
excerpt
(n) a passage taken from a book, article, etc.; (v) to take such a passage; to quote
grope
(v) to feel about hesitantly with the hand; to search blindly or uncertainly
hover
(v) to float or hang suspended over; to move back and forth uncertainly over or around
jostle
(v) to make or force one's way by pushing or elbowing; to bump, shove brush against; to compete for
laggard
(n) a person who moves slowly or falls behind; (adj) falling behind; slow to move, act, or respond
plaudits
(n. pl.) applause; enthusiastic praise or approval
preclude
(v) to make impossible, prevent, shut out
revert
(v) to return, go back
rubble
(n) broken stone or bricks; ruins
servile
(adj) of or relating to a slave; behaving like or suitable for a slave or a servant, menial; lacking spirit or independence, abjectly submissive
vigil
(n) a watch, especially at night; any period of watchful attention
wrangle
(v) to quarrel or argue in a noisy, angry way; to obtain by argument; to herd; (n) a noisy quarrel