CNA definitions 11-19
Condition different from the normal.
Parts of the body
The wasting away of the unused muscle tissues.
A pad of cartilage that keeps bones from rubbing together.
Inflammation of the bursa at a joint
The permanent shortening of a muscle.
Cushions of tissue between the bones at a joint.
A change in the normal alignment of bones at a joint.
A broken bone.
A chronic degenerative disease of the nervous system resulting in the inability to move.
Urinary organ which retains urine until it is excreted.
Infection of the .
To eliminate or expel from the body, such as waste or harmful material.
Feces (fecal matter)
Solid or semi-solid body waste.
Unable to move.
Unable to control functions of bowel or bladder.
Staying inside the body.
Tube inserted into the bladder to drain the urine.
Two organs in the lower back which filter the blood.
A microscopic filtering unit in the kidneys
Infection of kidney.
Substance in food that the body uses to provide energy and build tissue.
A small gland that surrounds the urethra in men.
A wound or injury.
Tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
Fluid waste formed by the kidneys and excreted from the body.
Bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen.
Inner layer of skin.
Dry, reddish, scaly patches on the skin.
Ability to expand and contract.
Outer layer of skin.
Redness of skin.
Give off moisture.
Tube holding the hair root.
Outer covering; skin, hair, nails.
To oil or grease.
Area of the skin that break open due to constant pressure.
Reddish scaly patches, usually on elbows and knees.
Scaly painful patches on the sides, caused by a virus.
A progressive crippling disease of the muscle.
A condition that causes a decrease in size and strength of the bones.
Loss of voluntary control over a muscle.
Inflammation of the joints, causing limitation of movement.
A torn or stretched ligament or tendon
How the body work.
acute paint in the chest from low blood supply to the heart
Abnormal heart rhythms
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
tiny arteries which carry blood from large arteries to capillaries
hardening of the arteries
upper chamber of the heart
the force of the blood pressing against artery walls
small blood vessels which carry nutrients to individual cells
congestive heart failure
gradual loss of the hearts ability to pump blood
heart attack (myocardial infarction)
death of tissue in the heart due to a lack of blood supply
high blood pressure
structures which collect body fluid
small glands which filter body fluid
initiates and transmits electrical impulse to cause heart to contract
fluid portion of the blood
elements of blood which form clot
red blood cells
red colored cells in the blood that carry oxygen
tissue dividing heart in half
stroke (cerebral vascular accident or cva)
sudden stoppage of the blood supply to an area of the brain
weakened swollen vein, usually seen in the legs
blood vessels which carry unoxygenated blood back to the heart
lower chamber of the heart
tiny veins which carry blood from capillaries to large veins
white blood cells
the white colored cell in the blood that fight infection
tiny air sacs in the lungs
inhaling of food, liquid, mucus, or vomitus into air passages
a disease of the bronchi, causing narrowing air passages and difficulty breathing
tubes that connect of the trachea to lungs
inflammation of the bronchi
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd)
a lung condition arising from repeated injury of the tissue, with tissues becoming less elastic and breathing becoming more difficult
microscopic hair like appendages that sweep foreign matter out of the trachea and bronchi
muscle which separates the chest cavity from the abdomen
a condition of the lungs in which bronchioles become plugged with mucus and breathing becomes difficult
tissue that closes during swallowing to cover the top of the trachea
the exchange of gases between the body and the outside world
the exchange of gases between the blood and the cells of the body
two organs in the chest cavity responsible for exchanging gases with the blood
all physical and chemical processes involved in sustaining life
a disease caused by a virus or bacteria in which the lung tissue is inflamed and the airways fill with fluid
lining of chest cavity
organs involved in the transfer of gases between the body and the environment
two different prescription in one eyeglass lens
clouding of the lens of the eye
the world around you
increased pressure in the eye, due to the inability of the fluid in the eye (vitreous humor) to circulate properly
difficulty seeing things that are far away
vision seen to the side while looking straight ahead
decrease in the ability of the eye to focus
hearing loss for high pitched sounds
sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch
eyes, ears, nose, tongue, skin
action that causes a response
constant ringing in the ear
the opening of the rectum located between the buttocks
substance manufactured by liver, stored by gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
the large intestine
elimination fecal matter through the anus
to break down food substances
the first loop of small intestines where most of digestion occurs
insertion of fluid into the rectum and colon
feces (fecal matter)
solid or semi solid body waste
digestive fluids secreted by the stomach
referring to the stomach and intestines
simple sugar to which food in converted
hormone secreted by pancreas
a substance that aids defecation
rhythmic contractions of the intestine that help move food along
the lowest part of the large intestine that connects to the anus
muscles that contracts to close a body opening
waste products released by disease producing organisms
tiny finger like projection in the duodenum which absorbs digested food particles and release them into the bloodstream
loss of language or verbal communication
chronic brain syndrome (Alzheimer's type dementia)
large areas of the brain stop functioning, causing memory loss, fear and poor judgment
mental deterioration, loss of ability to think clearly
paralysis on one side of the body
half of a round mass of tissue
following in order along a line
specialized cells of the nervous system
disorder of the nervous system resulting in body stiffness and shakiness
away from the center of something
an automatic response to stimulation
oriented in space
stroke (cerebral vascular accident )
sudden stoppage of the blood supply to an area of the brain
bones of the spine