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assuming the victim would grant permission to give first aid if he or she was capable
good samaritan laws
laws to protect someone for being found financially responsible for the victim's injury
when you give a rescue breath and the air passes the lungs and goes to the stomach
tender,swollen, bruised, or hard areas of the body, confused, faint, drowsy, or unconscious, cool, moist, vomiting or coughing up blood, excessive thirst
cover with a dressing and press firmly for direct pressure; if bleeding doesn't stop add additional dressings over top
three universal precautions
wear gloves when in contact with blood, wash your hands to prevent pathogens from entering the body, use a face mask when performing first aid or breathing emergencies
second step in an emergency situation
call- location, phone #, what happened, # and condition of victims involved, get aed, what help is being given
third step in an emergency situation
care-life threatening injuries first, less severe-help them stay calm and relaxed
airways-look for chest rising; breathing-neck pulse; circulation; severe bleeding- look for blood
continue CPR until
they show signs of life; scene is unsafe, AED available, too exhausted, someone else takes over
nausea, shortness of breath, general ill feeling, chest discomfort or pain (may spread to other areas), sweating
4 links in cardiac chain of survival
early recognition&access, early CPR, early AED, early advanced life support
when breathing and circulation have stopped and you have 4-6 minutes of stored oxygen before your cells begin to die
when breathing and circulation have stopped for 10 minutes, and brain activity stops
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