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25 terms

7th Grade Word Master Words - Challenge #3

Springfield Middle School - 5th Grade Word Master Words - Challenge #3
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zeal
(n) excessive fervor to do something or accomplish some end
cloy
(v) to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweet or rich things; to glut, satiate, sufeit
ignoble
(adj) completely lacking nobility in character or quality or purpose;, dishonorable, common, undignified
cynic
(n) someone who is critical of the motives of others, one who deeply distrusts human nature; one who belives humans are motivated only by selfishness
lionize
(v) assign great social importance to; treat as a famous person or a celebrity;
specious
(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit; , seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
ravage
devastate, plunder, despoil, Ex. crops ravaged by storms; to destroy, lay waste, ruin; (n.) ruinous damage, destruction
facilitate
(v) make easier; helping a group to accomplish its goals; help bring about
officious
(adj) intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner; volunteering one's services when they are neither asked for nor needed; Syn: meddlesome, interferring
remonstrance
(n) the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest; an expression of protest, complaint, or reproof, especially a formal statement of grievances.
promulgate
put a law into effect by formal declaration; to make known far and wide Synonyms: announce Antonyms: withdraw, retract, abrogate, nullify
ersatz
(n) an artificial or usually inferior substitute or imitation, (adj) artificial and inferior
compunction
(n a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain;contrition; remorse;
tout
(v) advertize in strongly positive terms Ex.: "This product was touted as a revolutionary invention."; someone who advertises for customers in an especially brazen way; , someone who buys tickets to an event in order to resell them at a profit
immaterial
(adj) without material form or substance; (often followed by 'to') lacking importance - does not matter one way or the other; Syn: unimportant, irrelevant,
qualm
(n) a pang of conscience, uneasiness, misgiving, or doubt; a felling of faintness or nausea; Syn: regret, nauseousness
demean
(v) reduce in worth or character, usually verbally; to humble oneself; to behave in a particular manner
phlegmatic
(adj) not easily excited to action or display of emotion; self-possessed, calm, or composed; full of phlegm (mucous from respiratory track - as during a cold)
debacle
(n) a violent breakdown, sudden overthrow, or overwhelming defeat; a total failure; flooding caused by a tumultuous breakup of ice in a river during the spring or summer
scoff
(n) display of contempt by derision (disapproval, ridicule, jeering laughter); (v), laugh at with contempt and derision; mock
fortuitous
(adj) occurring by happy chance Ex.: ". . . profits were enhanced by a fortuitous drop in the cost of raw materials"; having no cause or apparent cause; Syn: accidental, lucky
dynamo
(n) a generator consisting of a coil (the armature) that rotates between the poles of an electromagnet (the field magnet) causing a current to flow in the armature; an energetic, hardworking, forceful person
encumber
(v) to impede with obstacles to hinder progress; to weigh down or burden (with difficulties, cares, debt, etc.); to fill up, block up, hinder;
lowly
(adj) of low birth or station Ex.: "baseborn wretches with dirty faces", "of humble (or lowly) birth", inferior in rank or status Ex.: "the junior faculty"; "a lowly corporal"; "petty officier"
dogma
(n) a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative Ex.: "he believed all the Marxist dogma"; a firmly held opinion, especially a religious belief