Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Religion Previous Exam Questions
Terms in this set (70)
The word karim (or kareem) refers to the pre-Islamic ideal of the noble and generous hero; the Qur'an uses this word to describe __________.
Any sura that was revealed to Muhammad before his migration (hijra) is known as a __________ sura.
The Arabic word hawiya is used in Sura 101 as a description of hell; it is usually translated as __________.
A common Qur'anic word for God is rabb. It is usually translated as __________, but it can also mean "cultivator" (the one who causes something to evolve or grow).
The very first revelation to Muhammad (96:1-5) begins with the imperative __________.
The literal meaning of the word "Qur'an" is __________.
A narration that reports a saying or an action of the Prophet Muhammad is known as __________.
The literal meaning of the Qur'anic term zakat is __________.
Prophet Muhammad is believed to have been born in a town called __________ in the year 570.
The Qur'an mostly addresses itself to humankind. Occasionally, it also addresses the __________.
The divine names "al-Rahman" (the Compassionate) and "al-Rahim" (the Merciful) are both etymologically linked to the word rahm, meaning a __________.
There are __________ suras in the Qur'an.
In Qur'anic recitation, the technique of elongating the sound of a long vowel is called __________.
In Qur'anic recitation, the term ghunna refers to the technique of __________ for certain combination of letters, including m and n.
In Sura al-Shams, the Qur'an refers to the people of __________, who were destroyed because of their rebellion against God. Their archaeological remains in northern Arabia were known to pre-Islamic Arabs.
According to Muslim belief, the entire Qur'an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad over a period of __________ years.
In 623 CE, Muhammad and his followers were forced to leave their hometown for a more welcoming place, a town called __________.
The Qur'anic voice shifts continually, thereby preventing the reader from fixing a single, static understanding of God. These pronoun shifts or "linguistic alternations" represent a phenomenon called __________.
"Al-Fatiha" means __________.
The Qur'anic term "din" (or deen) can be translated either as religion or as __________.
"Al-Qadr" is best translated as ___________.
Except for the generic Allah, all of the divine names represent specific divine __________.
Muslims believe that the powerful presence that Muhammad encountered in the cave of Hira was none other than __________.
The second sura of the Qur'an is also the longest (286 verses). It is called The __________.
The term __________ refers to the Muslim doctrine of the inimitability of the Qur'an.
Sura al-Fatiha begins with the phrase "al-hamdu lil-lah, which is best translated as ________________.
All priase belongs to God.
Because of its role as the foundation of the scripture, sura no. ___________ has been called "the Mother of the Qur'an."
The following sentence is an example of ______________.
"The rain in Spain stays mainly on the plains."
During the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from _____________ to sunset.
True or False:
Those Muslims who believe that the Qur'an is the direct revelation of God are known as "fundamentalists."
According to the Qur'an, the Jewish and Christian scriptures were ____________.
(revealed by God, inspired by evil spirit, made up by people).
Revealed by God
According to the Qur'an, Muhammad is ___________ of God.
Traditionally, Muslim children begin their study of the Qur'an by _________________.
Memorizing the short suras
In the Qur'an, Jesus is mentioned by name ____________ times.
True or False:
There are no legal injunctions in the Qur'an.
True or False:
Unlike the Bible, the Qur'an does not narrate the sacred history of the prophet in a linear fashion.
The word "Allah" is best described as ____________.
The Arabic word for "God."
According to the Qur'an, human beings are ___________.
Muhammad's _________, Khadijah, was the first to believe and confirm his prophecy.
About _________ of the global Muslim population consists of Arabs.
In the Qur'an, Muhammad is mentioned by name __________ times.
True or False:
In most cases, the title of a sura refers to its central theme or main topic.
After Muhammad received the first revelation in his mountain retreat, he felt ______________.
Confused and bewildered
Muslims believe that it is ___________ who speaks through the Qur'an.
The term "shari'a" is best understood as Islamic _______________.
Way of life
The Qur'an is about ___________ the size of the New Testament.
A hafiz is a person who _______________.
Has memorized the entire Qur'an
True or False:
Pre-Islamic Arabs were polytheists who also believed in one supreme deity above all other gods and goddesses.
True or False:
In the early seventh century, there were some Jews in Arabia but no Christians.
The Prophet Muhammad is believed to have received the first revelation at the age of _____________.
What are some of the most obvious ways in which the Qur'an is different from the Bible?
1) The bible contains many speakers who tell many different stories, but the Qur'an only has one speaker.
2) The stories of the bible are ordered chronologically, while the stories of the Qur'an are ordered by length.
3) The Qur'an is seen as being the direct word of God, while the Bible is seen as the way in which others are experiencing God and other holy beings.
4) The Qur'an was revealed in Arabic.
5) Quranic "chapters" are named by a word unique to the Sura, while biblical chapters are named for the person who is speaking.
What does Michael Sells mean by "partial personification"?
Partial personification is the way in which different words are given a feminine or masculine sense. This is done by changing the way in which the word sounds. Using the sound "ha" pronounced with a long "a," for example, suggests that a term is feminine (ha=her). This way, words are not being directly gendered, but it is still suggested.
What is the most dominant theme in the earliest revelations? What purpose did it serve at the very beginning of Muhammad's prophecy?
The most dominant theme in early revelations is that of the day of judgement and how humans should act in order to have a favorable standing with God on judgement day. It focuses on the importance of good deeds, the purity of the soul, and how others will stand witness to how one's life has been lived out. The purpose of this at the beginning of the prophecy is to express to others the importance of living out a life of good deeds and doing God's will.
What is verbalizing? How does it aid in the process of learning?
Verbalizing is understanding what you want to say, the words/language in which to best express it, and ultimately saying these words out loud. This aids in the process of learning because it requires you to fully understand the language you want to use and allows direct, immediate feedback from those around you. It also helps you be able to better verbalize and properly express your ideas in the future.
Define the term "scripture."
Scripture is a text that a group of individuals hold as being sacred and authoritative. These may be both primary and secondary, and are the result of a group effort. A scripture cannot be a scripture without the support of a community.
What is the Night of Power? Why is it considered the holiest time of the year?
The Night of Power is the night on which the first revelation is believed to have been revealed. It is considered the holiest time of year because it was the night of the first revelation to the Prophet.
Sura al-Qadr seems to suggest a different reason.
Several of the early revelations begin with a series of oaths. What are the rhetorical functions of these oaths?
The rhetorical functions of these oaths are to imply the presence of witnesses that serve as evidence for things that are happening on earth.
The first sura of the Qur'an is a prayer addressed to God. What can you tell about the implied speakers whose mindset is represented in this prayer?
Human beings are the implied speaker, specifically, those who are looking for guidance, those who desire good judgment, and those who are praying.
What are keywords? How can we recognize them as such?
Keywords are unambiguous words used by authors to convey a specific meaning. It is important to acknowledge that one cannot simply look up a dictionary definition of a keyword, because the meaning that the author has attached to it may not be the same meaning as that in a dictionary. We can recognize keywords if the author has bolded or italicized them, took special care to define them to readers, or uses them often in their writing.
Earlier in the course, you were asked to write down on an index card everything you knew about the Qur'an. What is the most important thing you learned since then? Why do you think it's important?
The most important thing I've learned since then is how the language of the Qur'an works (Arabic) and how it plays a role in the understanding of the Qur'an. I think that it is important to understand how much is lost in translation due to the difficulty of translation of certain words. Furthermore, the rhyming and rhythm of the original Arabic text is very unique and I don't think that many people realize how special the Suras sound when in the form that they were revealed in. I also don't think that many people think about the Qur'an as having existed in a language other than English, and knowing this is crucial to the true nature of the Qur'an and the culture behind it.
Explain the qur'anic term kufr. Why is "disbelieve" not an adequate translation?
The qur'anic term kufr describes somebody who rejects something that they believe in their heart to be true (truth-concealer). They must hold it as a truth in their heart, otherwise they will simply be a kafir, or "disbeliever." "Disbelieve" is not an adequate translation because this would describe anybody who does not believe in the Qur'an. Those who believe the Qur'an to be true, but reject it in order to save face or make things easier, however, would be a kufr.
How do the qur'anic and biblical stories differ regarding the exit of Adam & Eve from the Garden?
The main difference between the exit of Adam & Eve from the Garden in the Qur'an and the Bible is that, in the Qur'an, their exit is not believed to be a punishment like it is in the Bible. In the Bible, Adam and Eve are banished from the Garden as a consequence of eating from the fruit of the tree. In the Qur'an, however, Adam and Eve are told to go to Earth and experience enjoyment for a while, which implies that they are not being sent there as a consequence. In addition, is it implied in the Qur'an that Adam and Eve were forgiven, while this is not the case in the Bible.
Explain the relationship and differences between tajwid and tartil.
Tajwid is way of proper pronunciation and rendition of the Qur'an. Tartil is the slow speed in which somebody recites the Qur'an, as well as the presence of thoughtful reflection. These terms are related because reciting the Qur'an with tartil can be seen as a way of proper rendition. It may also aid in more proper recitation, as individuals have more time to pay attention to detail (more so than with the rapid recitation of hadr).
In the qur'anic narrative, both Iblis (or Satan) and Adam/Eve commit a sin by disobeying God. What are some of the differences between the two acts of disobedience?
Adam and Eve commit the sin of eating of the fruit of the forbidden tree in the garden, while Iblis commits the sin of refusing to prostrate before Adam, as well as blaming God for his failure. One difference between the acts of disobedience is the way in which the sinners behave afterwords--Adam and Eve apologize and ask for forgiveness, while Iblis simply blames God and claims that he will attempt to take revenge on others. Another difference is that Adam and Eve were tricked into committing their sin, while Iblis committed his sins due to arrogance. Furthermore, Adam and Eve were implied to have been forgiven for their act of disobedience, while Iblis was not.
Why do we have several different qira'at (or "variant readings") of the Islamic Scripture?
We have several different/variant readings of the Islamic Scripture, in part, because there were not originally vowels in the scripture. Oral recitation was the only form of transmission, so the ways in which the words were transmitted were not always consistent and different spellings/meanings were the end result once scripture was committed to writing. Muhammad also mentioned in a hadith report that there were several different readings so that people may choose whichever one was easiest for them, and they should recite it in that way.
Explain the concept of "myth" as understood in Religious Studies.
Myth is understood as something that is not necessarily factual, but can be used to explain things that currently happen in our world. They can sometimes be held to be more true than fact, however, because they continue to happen time and time again. An example of this is the mention of painful childbirth in the Bible; God's punishment of painful childbirth unto Eve for eating the fruit off of the tree can serve as a myth that explains why people today have painful childbirth.
It is also defined as a story with social meaning (to those who believe in it) that can help helps people make sense of experience.
How do the qur'anic and biblical stories about Adam differ in relation to "names" and "naming"?
In the Qur'an, God has predetermined all of the names of all of the living creatures, tells them to Adam, and has him repeat these names in order to prove to him and the angels that he knows them. This demonstrated the nature of Adam's relationship with God to God and the angels. It is very apparent in the Qur'anic story how highly God places an emphasis on abstract thought and the naming of things. In the Biblical story, however, God has Adam create names for living things on his own, and places very little, if any, emphasis on relaying the names back to him. In one version of the Biblical story God appears to have already created the names, but there is no mention of him having Adam name them back to him.
Explain the qur'anic term sabr. Why is "patience" not an adequate translation?
Sabr is best translated to mean "perseverance," and sticking to something that you believe in even in difficult times. It is an active process of sticking to what you believe in. "Patience" is not an adequate translation here because patience is a passive process and does not involve actively fighting off oppression and criticism of beliefs that one may hold.
The biblical account of the first humans is designed to explain the origin of sin and the hardships of life. What is the purpose of the qur'anic version?
The purpose of the Qur'anic version is to exaggerate the importance of asking for proper forgiveness for sins that we commit. Adam and Eve were taught by God how to apologize for their sins, and it is implied in the Qur'an that they were forgiven and did not receive punishment. This appears to serve as encouragement for those who wish to serve God to learn how to properly ask for forgiveness, as well as how to repent.
what do you think is the larger point of the narrative taken as a whole?
As a whole, I think that the narrative demonstrates the importance of being faithful to God, following his orders, not being arrogant by any means, and asking for forgiveness when one makes an error as opposed to attempting to place blame on others.
Why does a demand for fundamental social change inevitably produces a state of conflict? Provide a contemporary example to illustrate your response.
A demand for a fundamental social change inevitably produces a state of conflict because there will always be people in charge who are in charge because of the way in which things are currently functioning, and will not want to lose power. The followers of these leaders and the current societal aspects have also likely established an attitude of loyalty among each other, and change will surely divide these groups. A contemporary example of this could be passing laws that give more rights to LGBT individuals (e.g. marriage.) Certain individuals in power who disagree with these rights may lose their following base, and therefore their power, therefore causing conflict and disagreement.
Sets found in the same folder
Religion Workbook Stuff
Religion Exam 1
Religion Exam 2 Terms
Religion Exam 3 terms
Sets with similar terms
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"
REL vocab study guide
Sys Theo 1
Other sets by this creator
Advanced Massage Final - Book Quizzes
Advanced Massage Final - Online Quizzes
Exam Prep Ch 13-24
Exam Prep Ch 3-12