Psychology Final

The way the mind encodes, processes, stores, and retrieves info in the primary concern of the _________________ perspective
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Endorphins are most involved in the control of whatphysical painA drug that inhibits the release of a particular neurotransmitter into the synaptic gapantagonistCorrect sequence in the transmission of a neural impulsedendrite, cell body, axon, synapsevoluntary movements directed bysomatic nervous systemself regulating body functionsautonomic nervous systembiological growth processes that are relatively uninfluenced by experience and that enable orderly changes in behavior are referred to asmaturationPsychologist most influential in shaping our understanding in cognitive developmentPiagetAccording to Piaget, people reason abstractly during the ____________ stageformal operational stageconcept or framework that organizes and interprets infoschemaHarlow's studies of monkeys showeda cloth mother produced the greatest attachment response3 years old, can use language, has a hard time taking another's perspective. Piagets ___________ stage of developmentpre-operationalparent's who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their childrenauthoritativeparents who use harsh discipline on children and demand obedienceauthoritarianinfancy is equal totrustadolescence is equal toidentitylater adulthood is equal tointegrityyoung adulthood is equal tointimacynon reproductive sexual characteristics such as the depend male voice and facial hair on the male are calledsecondary sex characteristicsFemale breasts are to secondary sex characteristics as male testes are toprimary sex characteristicsprocess of developing a sense of identity during adolescences was highlighted byErikson's psychosocial development theoryA person's general ability to think abstractly is called __________ intelligence. This ability generally __________ with agefluid; decreasesElderly can most effectively cope with the prospect of their death if they have achieved a sense ofintegrityIn Pavlov's experiments, the taste of food triggered salivation in a dog. The food in the dog's mouth was aunconditioned stimulusIn Pavlov's experiment, the CR wasthe salivation to the sound of a toneLittle Albert developed a fear of rats when a white rat was presented with a loud noice. In this case, the loud noice was theunconditioned stimulusa relatively permanent change in the behavior of an organism due to experienceLearningYou always rattle the box before giving your dog a treat. As you do so, your dog salivates. Rattling the box is a _________ and your dogs salivation is an ________conditioned stimulus/ conditioned responseJohn B. Watson considered himself abehavioristA real estate agent showed Gavin several pictures of a lakeshore property while enjoying a mouth watering meal. Later, she Gavin was given a tour of the property, his mouth drooled with delight. The lakeshore property was aconditioned stimulusDr. Raheja places a rat in a small, glass enclosed chamber where it learns to press a bar to obtain a food pellet. The doctor is using askinner boxA negative renforcer ______ the behavior it followsstrengthensBecause Mandisa would always pick up her crying baby, he daughter is now a real cry baby. The infant served as apositive reinforcerWhat decreases the recurrence of the behavior it followspunishmentGambling is reinforced according to which schedulevariable intervalLeon's teacher has scheduled an exam every third week of the term. Leon will probably study the most right before the test and the least right after. This is because the schedule of exams is reinforcing studying according to which schedulefixed- intervalAn irritating car warning buzzer to buckle your seatbelt is anegative reinforcementAn animal trainer gives a poodle a treat for approaching the ball, then putting its paws on the ball, then only for climbing on the ball. The trainer is usingsuccessive approximationsYou teach your dg to fetch by giving him a cookie each time he does it. This is an example ofoperate conditioningGetting information into memoryencodingResearcher that made extensive use of nonsense syllables in the study of human memoryEbbinghausour immediate short term memory is good for roughly_______ new bits of info7Remembering what you were doing on 9/11 is called aflashbulb memoryVisual sensory memory is referred to asiconic memoryEnvironmental stimulus that motivates behaviorincentiveFor a thirsty person drinking water serves to reduce adrivea need or desire that energizes and directs behavior toward a goalmotivationthe specific body weight maintained by most adults over long periods of timeset pointWhich personality theorists have been credited with encouraging the popular belief that self concept is the key to happiness and successhumanistic theoristsMorris is hostile, aggressive, and socially destructive. According to Carl Rogers, the behavior pattern results from hisgrowth inhibiting environmentLamont has frequently been rebellious, inconsiderate, and self centered. Yet, the pastor of his local church has always respected and accepted him. The pastor's attitude toward Lamont is most explicitly recommended byRogersWhich perspective on personality emphasizes the importance of our capacity for healthy growth and self realizationhumanisticWhich personality theorists have been criticized the most for encouraging individual selfishness and self- indulgenceHumanistic TheoristsHumanistic theorists have been criticized forunderestimating the inherent human capacity for destructive and evil behaviorsMira claims that alcoholism is a disease that can be prevented with proper treatment. Her belief is most clearly consistent withthe medical modelResearchers were admitted into hospitals after claiming to "hear voices." This study best illustrates the negative affects ofdiagnostic labelsOccurs when sensory perception occurs in the absence of external stimuliHallucinationDraw Piaget's Stages of Cognitive DevelopmentDraw Kohlberg's Level of Moral ThinkingDraw Erikson's Stages of Psychological DevelopmentDraw Psychology's Current PerspectivesDraw the Comparing Research MethodsDraw Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs