Hist: Ch. 33 - Postcolonialsim and Beyond: Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East
Terms in this set (13)
Term used to describe the increasing economic and cultural interdependence of societies around the world.
(1901-1973) A dictator supported byt the US government that ruled Cuba.
Castro organized guerrilla attacks on his supporters.
(b. 1926) Communist leader who took over Cuba in 1959 through the Cuban Revolution. He closely aligned his country with the Soviet Union and governed in an authoritarian fashion.
Mexican Election of 2000
The PRI candidate for president lost to Vincente Fox of the National Action Party (PAN). For the first time in 70 years, the PRI was out of power.
"Apartness," the term referring to racist policies enforced by the white-dominated regime that existed in South Africa from 1948 to 1992.
(1918-2013) Leader of the African National Congress in South Africa who spent 27 years in prison for resisting the government. After his release, he was elected president of South Africa in 1994.
On April 6, 1994, when a helicopter carrying the (Hutu) presidents of Rwanda and Burundi was shot down over Rwanda's capital, killing both, Tutsis were blamed. Interethnic civil war ensured. Aprproximatley 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in a massive genocide.
Camp David Accords
Israel and Egypt entered into direct negotiations orchestrated by Pres. Jimmy Carter. They reached an agreement here in 1978, and in 1979 signed a formal peace treaty.
In 1978, religious leaders and secularist revolutionaries joined forces to end the shah's long regime through a revolution engaging a wide spectrum of emotion, ideology, and secular as well as religious symbolism.
Ended as an Islmaic revolution, so that in 1979 the new post-shah republic that emerged was not a secular but an Islamic one crafted under the guidance of the Shi-ite religious leader, Ayatollah Khomeini.
(1902-1989) Shi'ite religious leader in Iran who directed the Islamic revolution that occurred in his country in 1979.
Osama bin Laden
Leader of the terrorist group al-Qa'ida from the 1990s untl his death in 2011. He organized the attacks on the US at the World Trade Center towers and the Pentagon building on September 11, 2001.
September 11 Attacks
Osama bin Laden, the dispossessed Saudi millionaire who led his own violent movement, al-Qai-ida, from the 1990s until his death in 2011, stunned the world, and especially the US, with suicide attacks using civilian airliners to destroy the World Trade Center towers and part of the Pentagon.
2003 Iraq War
Based on the later disproven claim that Iraq was stockpiling weapons of mass destruction, the US and British governments sought passage of a UN Security Council resolution requiring Iraq to disarm its own or to face disarmament by military force. Efforts failed because France and Russia threatened to veto the measure. After three weeks of fighting, the Coalition of hte Willing succeeded in removing Saddam Hussain's governement from power.
Created strains with the EU and NATO. It also marked a new era in US relations with Europe and the rest of the world.