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Sociology Chapter 16
Terms in this set (36)
is the scientific study of the interdependencies that exist between humans and our physical environment.
is the process by which a community acquires the characteristics of city life and the "urban" end of the rural-urban continuum
is process of social and cultural change initiated by industrialization and followed by increased social differentiation and divisions of labor
is the increased interconnectedness and interference of numerous societies around the world
a cohesiveness based on difference
a cohesiveness based on the similarity among its members.
is the overthrow of state or the total transformation of central state institution
behavior that occurs when the usual conventions that guide social behavior are disrupted for some reason and people establish new, usually sudden, norms in response to an emerging situation
is a group that acts with some continuity and organization to promote or resist social change in society
which includes the use of computers for communication between people and computers
is the transmission of cultural elements from one society or cultural group another.
a term coined by sociological theorist William F. Ogburn referring to a delay between social conditions and cultural adjustments to the change
is the systematic increase in worldwide surface temperatures and the resulting ecological change.
is the pattern whereby toxic wastes and other pollutants are disproportionately found in minority and poor neighborhoods a pattern with clear health consequences.
scientific study of population
are gradual transformation that occur on a broad scale and affect, any aspects of society
is the alteration of social interaction, institutions, stratification systems, elements of culture over time.
is a head count of the entire population of a country, usually done at regular intervals.
Demographic transition theory
proposes that countries pass through a consistent sequence of population patterns linked to the degree of development in the society
adds to the population
Zero population growth
achieved when the birthrate matches the death rate and population growth is not influences by other factors, such as immigration
Population pyramids- are graphic depictions of the age and sex distribution of a given population at a point in time.
the number of males per 100 females, or the number of males dived by the number of females, times 100.
Infant mortality rate
is measured by the number of deaths per year of infants less than one-year-old for every 1000 live births
Crude death rate
death rate of population is the number of deaths each year per 1000 member of population.
birthrate of population is the number of babies born each year for every 1000 members of the population
the departure of people from a society, subtracts from the population
The media influences how people see victims of natural disasters through
Zero population growth has, in fact, been reached in some nations with predominantly White native populations.
The zero population growth movement came into being because analysts thought that overpopulation was at the root of many of the country's and world's social problems—poverty, pollution, and violence. Can ZPG actually happen?
close proximity to a minority population, regardless of socioeconomic class.
According to data on environmental racism, toxic waste dumps are located in
determine which years will have a surplus of retirees.
An employment specialist will likely use information from a birth cohort to
lower-income and minority communities.
Natural disasters typically have the greatest impact on
People in a given area
A population density chart will typically provide the total number of
Skateboarding began as a minor activity some children took part in, but has now grown to become a major industry with official competitions and retail brands. What process does this illustrate?
Disparity in health care affordability.
A politician is citing information on the U.S. infant mortality rate to advocate for changes to medical insurance coverage. What can this rate indicate with regard to health care?
Immigration, fertility, and mortality.
What are the major factors driving racial and ethnic diversity in the United States today?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Sociology Chapter 7
Sociology Chapter 11
Sociology Chapter 1
Sociology Chapter 12
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