Hist: Ch 30 -
Terms in this set (14)
Italian invasian of Ethiopa
Underscored the impotence of the League of Nations and the timidity of the Western European democracies. Using a border incident as an excuse, Mussolini attacked Ethiopia in October 1935. His real intent was to avenge a humiliating defeat that the Italians had suffered in 1896, to begin the restoration of Roman imperial glory, and perhaps to divert Italians from the corruption of the Facist regime and Italy's economci troubles.
Spanish Civil War
Fought in Spain from 1936 to 1939, the war resulted in facist control of Spain under the leadership of General Francisco Franco.
Meaning "union." The annexation of Austria by Germancy in March 1938.
The Anglo-French policy of making concessions to Germany in the 1930s to avoid a crisis that would lead to war. It assumed that Germany had real grievances and Hitler's aims were limited and ultimately acceptable.
Invasion of Poland
The Nazi-Soviet pact sealed Poland's fate, and the Franco-British commitment guaranteed a general war. On September 1, 1939, the Germans invaded Poland. Two days later Britain and France declared war on Germany. WWII had begun.
Battle of Britain
Battle in the skies above Britain fought between the British and the Germans beginning in 1940. Germany was trying to take command of the air to prepare for a land invasion. Britain held out and defeated Germany.
(1891-1944) German general known as "The Desert Fox," he led German forces in North Africa where he was initally able to push the British back into Egypt.
Battle of Stralingrad
Battle between Soviet and German troops that ended with the defeat and capture of an entire German army in February 1943. This battle was the turning point in the Russian campaign.
Sunday, December 7, 1941, even while Japanese representative were discussing a settlement in Washington, Japan launched an air attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the chief American naval base in the Pacific. The next day, the US and Britain declared war on Japan. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the US.
Battle of Midway
A month before it began, both sides suffered massive losses in teh battle of the Coral Sea, but greater US ship production made such trade-offs unprofitable for Japan.
At Midway, American planes destroyed four Japanese aircraft carriers. Soon American Marines landed on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands and began to reverse the momentum of the war.
The Nazi extermination of millions of European Jews between 1940 and 1945. Also called the "final solution to the Jewish problem."
In August 1941, even before America entered the war, Roosevelt and Churchill had met off Newfoundland and agreed to this charter. A braod set of principles in the spirit of Wilson's Fourteen Points, it provided a theorretical basis for the peace they sought. In January 1942, after Russia and the US had joined Britain in the war, the three powers entered a purely military alliance, leaving all political questions aside. Agreed to continue cooperating after the war in a UN organization.
Soviet Union WWII
No nation suffered greater loss of life or more extensive physical destruction during WWII than the Soviet Union. As many as 16 million were killed and vast numbers of Soviet troops were taken prisoner. Infrastructure was devastated.
The next meeting of the Big Three was at Yalta, in the Crimea, in February 1945.