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Vocabulary Workshop Level H Unit 1 Enriched Edition


(n) something added to something else as helpful or useful but not essential; an assistant or helper; a valuable quality or characteristic; (adj) added or connected in a subordinate capacity; attached to a faculty or staff in an auxiliary capacity
Syn: associate, addition, accessory


(n) the male sheep that leads the flock to the slaughterhouse; a leader, as in a desperate or violent undertaking; an indicator of trends

Syn: ringleader, initiator, barometer
Ant: follower, imitator, emulator


(v) to howl or screech like a cat; to quarrel; (n) a harsh or noisy cry; a racket

Syn: (v) whine; (n) screech


(adj) absurd; wildly fantastic; impossible

Syn: visionary, quixotic, pie-in-the-sky
Ant: realistic, down-to-earth, practicable


(adj) lacking in wholesome vigor or energy; worn-out or exhausted; sterile or unable to produce; out-of-date

Syn: decadent, enfeebled
Ant: thriving, burgeoning, vigorous, dynamis

fait accompli

(n) an accomplished and presumable irreversible deed, fact, or action

Syn: accomplished fact


(adj) narrow-minded and rigid, especially in opinions or prejudices; stubbornly and unthinkingly conservative

Syn: intolerant, inflexible
Ant: open-minded, tolerant, progressive, liberal


(n) any system of things or people arranged or graded one above another in order of rank, wealth, class, etc.

Syn: chain of command


(n) a religious service or rite; the form of a ritual or other act of public worship

Syn: observance


(n) a patch of low, soft, wet ground; a swamp; a confusing situation in which one is entrapped, as in quicksand

Syn: bog
Ant: solid ground, bedrock, terra firm


(adj) offensive or disgusting; foul-smelling; harmful or injurious

Syn: fetid, noxious, vile, loathsome
Ant: wholesome, sweet-smelling


(adj) forgetful; unaware

Syn: insensible
Ant: aware cognizant, mindful, alert


(n) a base coward

Syn: craven, dastard. "chicken"
Ant: stalwart, gallant


(n) a convert; a disciple

Syn: novice, neophyte
Ant: master, teacher, guide, guru


(adj) resembling but not actually being; seemingly but not actually or completely

Syn: kind of, as if
Ant: totally, completely, actually, in fact


(n) good-humored ridicule; teasing

Syn: persiflage


(adj) irreverently mocking; coarse, vulgar, or indecent in language

Syn: risqúe
Ant: seemly, proper, decorous


(adj) lying flat on one's back; listless or lethargic; apathetic or passive

Syn: prone, prostrate; inert
Ant: upright, erect, perpendicular, vertical


(n) a short description or sketch; a picture or illustration with edges that gradually shade off; a decorative design on the title page of a book or at the beginning or end of a chapter

Syn: thumbnail sketch, anecdote
Ant: epic, full-length treatment


(n) something illusory, without substance, or without a basis in reality; an illusion

Syn: optical illusion

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