chp 3 and 4 wh exam review
Terms in this set (50)
Originally, African slaves were brought to the americas to supply labor for the .
sugar cane plantations
what established a line of demarcation between lands controlled by Portugal and Spain?
Treat of tortillas
What was a major long-term effect of Vasco de Gama's voyage to India in the late 1490s?
It brought about the complete destruction of Muslim-controlled trade routes in the Indian Ocean
what increased in Africa with the rise of the slave trade?
Who discovered the figure 8 water currents?
What did the Portuguese do when they lacked the military and financial resources to take a significant amount of land?
They established trading posts
What was a major product sold by the British?
What is the extensive exchange between the Old and New Worlds known as?
The obtaining of great wealth by a number of European merchants in overseas colonization and trade during the age of Exploration was a crucial step in .
The growth of capitalism
The encomienda system was used by the Spanish as a means for what? .
Removing resources from a land grant through forced labor
The _________is the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports overtime.
balance of Trade
What is the chief motivation for exploration?
The trading of goods for slaves to work on the farms
What inspired Europeans to begin exploring foreign lands in the 1400s?
The tales of Marco Polo and his adventures with Kublai Kahn
What was one result of the loss of native lives to disease?
a servere shortage of labor in the colonies
What set the stage for explorations?
-Muslim controlled over-land trade routes to India and China
-Muslims exclusively traded with the Italian city-states
What is some characteristics of the carvel?
-Rounded hull gave the ship a shallow draft
-Triangular lateen sails that allowed ships to sail against the wind
Why did the gifts sent by the messengers of Montezuma in Mexico not send cortez and his men away?
The gifts enticed Cortez because he wanted ore gold that he knew the empire had
What new race was created in the Americas due to exploration?
Why was the system of encomienda abolished in 1542?
Native Americans were use to hunting and gathering and were dying at a rapid pace
What was the main trading done in New France and New Netherland?
What was a result of the French and Indian War?
The English gained land in the Americas east of the Mississippi
Which tool for exploration replaced the astrolabe?
What are reasons how 600 Spanish men could take over the great Aztec Empire?
-Outbreak of smallpox
-Disloyalty other Amerindian groups that sided with the Spanish
-The Spanish had technologically advanced warfare
Why were the Inca vulnerable to a Spanish takeover?
The Inca had just been through a civil war.
Why did the Pilgrims and the Puritans venture to the new world?
Portuguese explorer that went to India around the southern tip of Africa
Leader of the Incan empire that was baptized and then strangled by the conquistador
Portuguese explorer that discovered the Indian Ocean
Leader of the Aztec Empire
Leader of a Native American tribe in 1675 that led attacks on colonial villages throughout Massachusetts
who was killed in the Philippines?
Attacked the Incas and killed their leader
Set sail west in 1492 and reached the island of Hispaniola, thinking it was the East Indies
Conquistador who defeated the Aztecs in Mexico
Slave that recalled the inhumane conditions on his trip from West Africa to the West Indies at age 12 in an autobiography
Conquistador who founded present day Florida; went searching for the fountain of youth
Ponce de Leon
Claimed Brazil for Portugal by accidentally sailing too far west
Voyager who sailed to the Southeast, India, the Red Sea, and West Africa, reasserting China's power after the fall of the Yuan Dynasty
Sponsored by Spain and Portugal to map the new world; America is named after him
A conquistador turned priest who dedicated himself to protecting Ameridian rights
De Las Casas
What country was deemed a monopoly because they were the only ones that could trade with the Muslim Empire?
What inspired Europeans to begin exploring foreign lands in the 1400s? (3 things)
God, Glory, and Gold
The Pilgrim settlers that founded __________ colony were mainly interested in religious freedom.
The group known as the ________ founded the colony known as Massachusetts Bay.
Why did the trade in African slaves increase dramatically in the 17th century?
Iit increased because the Native Americans were dying off from disease and they needed laborers.
__________ is an economic system based on private ownership of property and the investment of wealth to earn profit.
What are the three nations/continents involved in triangular trade?
Europe, America, & Africa
The introduction of _________ through triangular trade changed Africa into a warfare stricken continent.
_______ is a tool for exploration that used stars and the horizon to calculate longitude and latitude.
________ is an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought.