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BPK 340 Unit 5
Terms in this set (28)
If time spent sitting is broken up throughout the day, does this reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease?
Can getting adequate physical activity a moderator of the negative affects of prolonged sitting?
Health promotion shifted their focus from health problems and risk factors of individuals to _________.
systems and organizations
List 7 settings that health promotion can occur.
1. nation states
List 5 successful outcomes of settings based health promotion.
1. increased awareness
2. development of health promoting policies and budgets
3. economic benefits
4. more frequent and better partnerships
5. development of discrete health promotion
How does pressure by evidence based medicine challenge effective settings-based health promotion?
-created a perceived need for short term success
-biases practitioners to individually focused interventions
Define projectism. Why is it viewed as a bad thing
settings based health promotion activity in the form of specific projects
-viewed negatively because projects have limited scope and duration
What are the two ends of the continuum in Whitelaw's settings-based health promotion?
-at one end view core problems and solutions resting exclusively on the individual
-the other end is seeing the setting as an entity above the individuals in it; sees the individual as powerless to make changes
What is health promotion at the grass-root level?
-the individual should be involved and empowered
What does the ecological model do?
tries to understand and modify behavior in terms of the individual's environment
Name the dimensions of the ecological model
According to the Pan-Canadian Physical Activity Strategy, what do we need strategies for?
environmental change and to created sustainable long-term change
What are the 5 components of the Pan-Canadian Physical Activity Strategy?
1. health public policy
2. community physical environments
3. supportive social environments
4. public education
5. research and knowledge exchange
What did the PROCEED model add to the PRECEDE model?
-emphasized the kind of diagnostic evaluation needed at each stage
What are the 3 types of communication of the PRECEDE model?
1. direct=communication to community
2. indirect=communication to staff
3. community training
The PRECEDE model shifted focus from education needs to what?
social, political, organizational, and regulatory issues in community health planning
What is a pre-disposing factor?
they exert their effects prior to a behavior
What are 4 pre-disposing factors to tobacco use?
1. cultural beliefs
4. readiness to change
What are 4 enabling/disabling factors relative to smoking use?
What are 3 reinforcing/disforcing factors relative to smoking use?
1. cost of resources
2. conditions of living
4. financial assistance
1. reassurance from others that smoking is ok
2. peer pressure from friends to start or continue smoking
3. symptom relief; reducing stress
Is experimentation with smoking increasing or decreasing among Canadian teens?
What is being attributed to the change in smoking rates among Czech youth? What is the key to reducing the rates?
-a result of social, economic and political factors
-making non-smoking the social norm
What geographic region have tobacco companies redirected their marketing efforts?
-the developing world
-especially young girls
List 6 factors related to the decline of tobacco use in North America.
1. bans on smoking in public places
2. restriction on sales to minors
3. warning labels on packs
4. positive peer pressure
5. bans on sales in vending machines
6. increased awareness/education on dangers of smoking
What is the main reason young people start smoking?
Why is smoking more common among those whose family members smoke?
-can obtain cigarettes from family members
-strong influence on adolescents
What is the best position that anti-tobacco groups can take toward youth experimentation?
-that smoking occasionally can lead to addiction
What counter-advertising is most likely to be effective with youth?
-advertisements that directly attack the tobacco industry as the source of the problem
Explain the peer leader approach that was successful with young people in Great Britain.
-they identified who was influential and these became the peer leaders
-the peer leaders got trained in the risks of smoking and benefits of quitting
-students in the schools that had these peer leaders had decreases in the likelihood of smoking, 1 year after the leaders were back in the schools
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