BIBL 105 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (94)
What do the poetic books express concerning Christ?
What does Hebrew poetry emphasize?
Parallels of thought rather than rhymes of words.
What is the purpose of Hebrew poetry?
To praise God for creation, salvation, providence, blessings, redemption, loving-kindness
What is the theme of the book of Job?
Purpose of Suffering
What are the names of Job's friends and the advice that each of them gave him?
Eliphaz the Theologian - Greatness of God
Bildad the Traditionalist - Principals of Justice
Zophar the Moralist - Concept of Human Wisdom
What is the picture of Christ in the book of Job?
Redeemer of Life
What period of time is the book of Job taking place in?
How many rounds of speech occurred between Job and his friends?
Does God answer Job at the end of the book?
What is the picture of Christ in the book of Psalms?
Song of Praise
Who is the author of the majority of Psalms?
What are the songs in the book of Psalms?
Songs of praise that also predict the coming Messiah
What aspect of Christ's earthly ministry is predicted in Psalms 22?
Prediction of the Messiah
What other scripture is the division of Psalms often compared to?
Who wrote the oldest Psalm?
What are the general details of Proverbs 31?
The virtue of a woman
What are the different types of Proverbs?
Synonymous, Antithetical, Synthetic, Comparative, Absurdity, Classification
What topics are covered in Proverbs?
Family, wives, children, neighbors, rulers, sinners, friends
What form does Proverbs teach general or universal truths?
How does Proverbs express great truths?
Capsule form - simple, yet profound
How does Proverbs often teach truths?
By expressing great contrasts
What is the "beginning of wisdom" according to Hebrew poetry and wisdom literature?
The fear of the Lord
What does Ecclesiastes "wrestle" with?
The meaning of life
What does Ecclesiastes advise us to do?
Fear God, obey His commandments, and in turn, judgment will reveal the entire purpose for life
What does "Qoheleth" mean?
"Teacher"/"Preacher" - Hebrew name for Ecclesiastes
How does Ecclesiastes define "goads" and "nails"?
Goads - Intellectual prods
Nails - Fixed truths
What festival is Ecclesiastes traditionally read during?
The Feast of Tabernacles
What is the picture of Christ in Song of Solomon?
What type of "song" is Song of Solomon?
What are the details & identities of characters found in Song of Solomon?
Groom, Bride, Daughters of Jerusalem, Watchmen, Mother
What does the Hebrew title "shir hash-shirm" mean?
"Song of Songs"
How is Christ illustrated in Song of Solomon?
What does the marriage in Song of Solomon represent?
God's love for Israel and Christ's love for the church
What book was written about Jerusalem's destruction?
What is the theme of the Old Testament prophets?
Expectation for Christ
What are prophecies about Christ referred to as?
What is the difference between "foretelling" and "forth-telling"?
Foretelling - Telling something before it happens
Forthtelling - Declaring a message to others
What is the picture of Christ in Isaiah?
Prince of Peace
What is the name of the important person whose birth Isaiah predicted?
What does "almah" mean?
A very unique Hebrew word the virgin birth prediction uses for "virgin"
What is the most precise word to
indicate a "young virgin of marriable age"?
What does "bethulah" mean?
Also a Hebrew word used for "virgin", but not as precise as "almah"
What does the Septuagint (LXX) and Matthew 1:23 use the Greek word "parthenos" to translate?
"Almah", but "parthenos" always means "virgin"
What does "Immanuel" mean?
"God with us." The name describes the fact of the incarnation. Thus,
this passage is correctly quoted by Matthew (1:23) as referring to the Virgin birth and
Incarnation of Jesus Christ
What did Isaiah foresee?
The "Suffering Servant" as the Messiah
What does Jewish tradition indicate about the book of Isaiah?
There is only one author
What does Jesus quote about Isaiah?
Both "halves" of Isaiah and attributes the authorship to only one
What was the last major warning to the southern kingdom before the rise
What is the key title used by Isaiah for Yahweh?
The "Holy One of Israel"
What are the "Seraphim" in Isaiah?
Which Judean king did Isaiah serve as an advisor to?
What type of death will the "Suffering Servant" endure?
Who predicted that after His death, the "Suffering Servant" would resurrect?
Who was the last official king of Judah and threw Jeremiah into the slime pit?
What other name is Jeremiah associated with? The ___________ Prophet?
The "Weeping" Prophet
What is the picture of Christ in Jeremiah?
Who witnessed the fall of Jerusalem and expressed this tragedy in the book of Lamentations?
What are Jeremiah's key prophecies?
70-year Babylonian captivity (25: 11; 29:10)
Coming Righteous Branch: Christ (23:5-6)
New Covenant: New Testament (31:31-34)
Whose ministry occurred during the reigns of Judah's last 4 kings (626-586 B.C.)
and was directed toward the Southern Kingdom (Judah)?
Which kingdom threatened Judah before the Babylonians?
Which two Old Testament offices did Ezekiel hold?
Prophet & priest
What does the Shekinah Glory represent?
A revelation of God's presence with His people since the time of the Exodus
Who predicted the future temple of Israel. This will be Israel's millennial temple,
not for the New Testament church, nor for eternity (where the Lamb is the ultimate temple).
Sacrifices will be reinstated and will be for commemoration (like baptism), and not for salvation?
Whom was Ezekiel's ministry directed towards and why he delivered his messages?
Jewish exiles; to comfort the Jews
What are the details of Ezekiel's vision of the Glory of God departing?
Call of the prophet & condemnation by the prophet
What are the details of Ezekiel's prediction of the invasion of Gog & Magog?
What are the general details of Ezekiel's vision of the Valley of Dry Bones?
It represented the Restoration of Israel in 2 Stages; Physical and Spiritual
What is the picture of Christ in the book of Daniel?
The Messiah/The Anointed One
What was Daniel & friends' names changed to?
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego
Which kings of Babylon did Daniel speak to/influence?
What kingdoms did the various parts of Nebuchadnezzar's statue represent?
Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece, Rome
What vision did Daniel have that predicted the future of Israel?
What was the significance of Daniel's vision of the Four Beasts?
The beasts parallel the Gentile empires of Nebuchadnezzar's Great Statue
Why were Daniel's three friends thrown into a furnace?
They refused to bow down to worship the Great Statue
What are the Minor Prophets called in the Hebrew Bible?
Why was Hosea commanded to marry an adulterous wife?
To symbolize the forgiveness of God towards His people
What day did Joel predict?
The coming "Day of the Lord"
Which minor prophet was the Shepherd of Tekoa?
Which minor prophet predicted the doom/fall of Edom?
Which minor prophet predicted the place of the Messiah's birth in Bethlehem?
What message did Jonah preach to Ninevah?
A message of repentance and he was angry that God spared Ninevah from destruction
What did Nahum predict about Ninevah?
The future fall; (about 100 years after Jonah)
What did Habakkuk predict?
The judgment of Babylon
What did Haggai encourage the Jews to do?
Rebuild the temple
What does Zechariah 12:10 predict?
That the Jews will one-day return to the one they had pierced. This is a prophecy of Christ's Crucifixion
Prophecy of the Branch
Zechariah 3:8, 6:12
Prophecy of the King-Priest
Prophecy of the Lowly King
Prophecy of Betrayal
Prophecy of Crucifixion
Prophecy of the Smitten Shepherd
Prophecy of the Second Coming
Which Minor Prophet predicted the prophet Elijah would come before the Messiah? This prophecy was fulfilled by John the Baptist
What does the Old Testament end with?