Psychology: Personality Theory

Terms in this set (84)

People score certain percentages in 5 different characteristics (the higher the percentage, the more they are like that characteristic); according to the creator, inborn genetic traits; acronym OCEAN
Openness: openness to experience; appreciation of art, beauty, literature, and life; active mental life and imagination; care about aesthetic; open to expression of feelings; willing to explore new places, try new foods, and try new activities; sub-scores are fantasy, aesthetics, feelings, actions, ideas, and values (ready to explore and evaluate one's own social, political, and religious values); high score means you are curious, independent, and have a wide range of interest; low score means you are practical, conventional, and prefer routine
Conscientiousness: caring; good at working through stuff; revolves around the idea of organization and perseverance; like making lists and crossing stuff off; self-determined, self-disciplined, and motivated; sub-scores are competence, order, dutifulness, achievement-striving, self-discipline, and deliberation; high score means you are hardworking, dependable, and organized; low score means you are impulsive, careless, and disorganized
Extroversion: anyone can act extroverted, but the score is based on how long they can stay acting extroverted; sub-scores are warmth, gregariousness, assertiveness, activity, excitement-seeking, and positive emotions; high score means you gain energy when around people and you are outgoing, warm, and adventure seeking; low score (introvert) means you lose energy when around people and are quiet, reserved, and withdrawn
Agreeableness: more tolerant, straight-forward, and sincere; more trusting (they are honest so they expect everyone else to be honest as well; sub-scores are trust, straightforwardness, altruism, compliance, modesty, and tender-mindedness (highly sympathetic and concerned about others); high score means you are helpful, trusting, and empathetic; low score means you are critical, uncooperative, and suspicious
Neuroticism: emotional instability; prone to mood swings and emotional reactivity; sub scores are anxiety, angry hostility, depression, self-consciousness, impulsiveness, and vulnerability (difficulty dealing with stress and dependence on others for support); high score means you are anxious, unhappy, and prone to negative emotions; low score means you are calm, even-tempered, and secure