Week 3: AICE Rhetorical Devices, terms, and definitions 24-34, AICE RHETORICAL DEVICES 1-43
Terms in this set (34)
compares two different things by speaking of one in terms of the other, exposing a deeper similarity. Unlike a simile or analogy, this asserts that something IS another thing, not just that its LIKE another thing. Through this identification of dissimilar things, a comparison is suggested or implied
A metaphor which is drawn out beyond the usual word or phrase to extend throughout a stanza, an entire poem, through or across paragraphs, usually by using multiple comparisons between unlike objects or ideas
A term from the Greek meaning "changed label" or "substitute name". A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty")
the feeling created by the text in the reader. The emotional 'climate' of the passage created through the authors choice of emotionally loaded words
a figure of speech where in the author puts together seemingly contradictory terms to draw attention to the phrase
a statement that appears to be self contradictory, foolish, or false, but upon closer inspection contains some deeper truth
to give two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the whole a definite pattern. AKA parallel structure, or parallel construction
a work (literature, music, film) that closely imitates the style or content of another work with the specific aim of comic effect and/ or ridicule. Seeks to use conventions of the original work in order to make fun of it
a figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions. Often, the _______________ is inherent in the verb used in the description
point of view (P.O.V)
the perspective from which a story is told (or an essay is written): first person (I,we), second person (you), third person (it, they)
also, can mean the authors position about the subject
one of the major divisions of genre, _____ refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms, because they are written in ordinary language and most closely resemble everyday speech.
Substitution of a more offensive or disparaging word or phrase for one considered less offensive. Can often create an insult
A more agreeable or less offensive substitute for an unpleasant word or concept. Often obscures or softens the harsh truth
Any language not meant to be taken literally, with a deeper, secondary meaning. Appealing to the imagination, it provides new ways of looking at the world. It often makes use of a comparison between different things. Metaphors, imagery, metonymy are all examples.
The major category into which a literary work fits. The basic divisions of literature are prose, poetry and drama, but within those genres exist other genres: autobiography, memoir, criticism. Each one has its own unique generic conventions- traditions and attributes of each
A sermon or serious talk, speech or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice
Deliberate exaggeration for emphasis. Can be comedic or serious.
Any writing that appeals to the five senses or describes something so it can be pictured. It can have an emotional effect on the reader. Also used to represent abstractions
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong or abusive language
Can take many forms, and is notoriously difficult to define, but it virtually always involves some sort of contrast between two layers. Between a surface layer and an underlying layer, or between two opposites. Generally, the contrast between what is expected and reality OR what is stated explicitly and what is meant
Occurs when a speaker's literal words and their surface meaning are at odds with his or her actual meaning
Involves a difference between expectation and actual events, or a difference between a characters intentions and actual results of his actions.
Occurs when a character naively speaks what he or she believes to be the truth, and acts on what he or she believes to be the truth. The audience knows that they are wrong.
Literally means opposite. Est. a clear contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure. Organizing ideas into a clear contrast
A story with two or more levels of meaning. One literal and the other symbolic; often in allegories, characters are given names that make their symbolic meaning clear
The repetition of the initial sounds in two or more neighboring words. Done for emphasis. Often, alliterative sound correlates with intended meaning/ effect
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, symbol, or passage
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or thing or a personified abstraction, such as love or liberty; the effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity.
Using slang or informalities in speech or writing. Includes local or regional dialects
The implied or suggested meaning of a word; association. Any emotions, ideas, or situations associated with a word.
The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word
Word choice. Contributes to the tone or mood of the piece and depends on his/ her purpose
Literally means teaching. A type of text that has the primary purpose of teaching or instructing, usually about moral or ethical principles
A brief reference to literature, geographical locations, historical event, legends, myths, religions, traditions or a elements of pop culture. Used to emphasize the intelligence of the author and link text to history/ classics.
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