56 terms

ENGLISH 10A VOCAB FINAL

STUDY
PLAY
Psychomachia
The struggle of the soul and mind between two or more rival forces/ conflict of the soul (i.e: Everyman)
Prosopopeia
a rhetorical device in which a speaker or writer communicates to the audience by speaking as another person or object. Ex: "Fellowship" or "Goods" in Everyman.
Mystery
anything that is kept secret or remains unexplained or unknown: the mysteries of nature; the divine-- God. Could also refer to mystery plays/cycle plays?
Sonnet
a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
Lyric
Lyric poems have a musical rhythm, and their topics often explore romantic feelings or other strong emotions. Example: Shakespeare Sonnet 18 "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day."
Soliloquoy
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play. Access to their private thoughts.
Topos
a commonplace in the content of a given kind of literature
Alliteration
A figure of speech. The repetition of an initial consonant sound or consonant cluster in consecutive or closely positioned words. two or more words in a phrase or line of poetry share the same beginning sound; ex: "From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
Reformation
the religious movement in the 16th century that had for its object the reform of the Roman Catholic Church, and that led to the establishment of the Protestant churches.
Renaissance
the activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world.
Assonance
the repetition of a vowel sound or diphthong in non-rhyming words; ex: Stem end and blossom end / And every fleck of russet showing clear
Meter
the rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line.
Prosody
was the study of meter and its uses in lyric, epic, and dramatic verse
Foot
A foot is a combination of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Allegory
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one
Typology
the doctrine or study of types or prefigurative symbols, especially in scriptural literature.
Metaphysical
designating or pertaining to the poetry of an early group of 17th-century English poets, notably John Donne, whose characteristic style is highly intellectual and philosophical and features intensive use of ingenious conceits and turns of wit.
Cavalier
An early seventeenth-century (mostly Caroline) movement, centered on Robert Herrick, Thomas Carew, John Suckling, Richard Lovelace, and Henry Vaughn. Most were admirers of Ben Jonson. They get their name from the supporters of King Charles I in the seventeenth century: the Cavaliers were Royalists during the Civil Wars. Cavaliers preferred more straightforward expression. They valued elegance, and were part of a refined, courtly culture, but their poetry is often frankly erotic. Their strength was the short lyric poem, and a favorite theme was carpe diem, "seize the day."
Pastoral
A genre. Pastoral is a set among shepherds, making often refined allusions to other apparently unconnected subjects.
Volta
In a sonnet, the volta is the turn of thought or argument, often indicated by such initial words as But, Yet, or And yet. : in Petrarchan or Italian sonnets it occurs between the octave and the sestet, and in Shakespearean or English before the final couplet; EX: My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.
And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
Petrarchan
characteristic or imitative of the style of Petrarch.
8/6 meaning the first 8 lines are the octave; rhyme scheme abbaabba -- the last 6 lines have the rhyme scheme cdcdcd
This is known as Italian sonnet
Epideictic
designed to display something, esp the skill of the speaker in rhetoric
Kenning
a conventional poetic phrase used for or in addition to the usual name of a person or thing, especially in Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon verse, as"a wave traveler" for "a boat.".
Litotes
employs an understatement by using double negatives or, in other words, a positive statement expressed by negating its opposite expressions; EX: "I am not unaware how the productions of the Grub Street brotherhood have of late years fallen under many prejudices."
Comitatus
The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot, the loan of fine armor and weaponry.
Wergyld
the value set in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic law upon human life in accordance with rank and paid as compensation to the kindred or lord of a slain person.
"imitatio Christi"
the imitation of Christ. Ex: The Parson in the Canterbury Tales.
"memento mori"
reminder of one's mortality
Vernacular
the native speech or language of a place.
Romance
a narration of the extraordinary exploits of heroes, often in exotic or mysterious settings. Most of the stories of King Arthur and his knights are romances. The term romance has also been used for stories of mysterious adventures, not necessarily of heroes.
Epic
A genre. An extended narrative poem, often written about a hero or heroines, invoking divine inspiration, beginning in medias res, written in a high style, and divided into long narrative sequence. ; i.e. - Beowulf
blank verse
unrhymed verse, especially the unrhymed iambic pentameter most frequently used in English dramatic, epic, and reflective verse.
quem queritas trope
A literary-musical elaboration of the medieval Easter liturgy consisting of a short dialogue between the Angel guarding Christ's empty tomb and the three Marys. It begins with the Angel's question ... this is the phrase morality plays evolved from (i.e. quem qeuritas, "Whom do you seek?" / "Jesus." / "He is not here, he is risen.")
morality play
an allegorical form of the drama current from the 14th to 16th centuries and employing such personified abstractions as Virtue, Vice,Greed, Gluttony, etc.
Iamb
a short, unaccented syllable followed by a long, accented syllable: This flea is you and I, and this / Our mar-riage bed, and mar-riage tem-ple is (lines 12-13; "The Flea")
Trochee
a foot of two syllables, a long followed by a short in quantitative meter, or a stressed followed by an unstressed in accentual meter. Symbol:
Spondee
a foot of two syllables, both of which are long in quantitative meter or stressed in accentual meter. Symbol: .
Phyrric
is a metrical foot used in formal poetry. It consists of two unaccented, short syllables. It is also known as a dibrach.
Heptarchy
(often initial capital letter) the seven principal concurrent Anglo-Saxon kingdoms supposed to have existed in the 7th and 8th centuries.
Caesura
a break, especially a sense pause, usually near the middle of a verse, and marked in scansion by a double vertical line, as in know then thyself ‖ presume not God to scan.
Enjambment
the opposite of end stopping, enjambment occurs when the syntactic unit does not end with the end of the line and the fulfillment of the meter pattern.
Elegy
A genre. In classical literature elegy was a form written in elegiac couplets devoted to many possible topics. Also a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.
Feudalism
the social system in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, in exchange for military protection.
Patristic
of or relating to the fathers of the Christian church or their writings.
Chivalry
the sum of the ideal qualifications of a knight, including courtesy,generosity, valor, and dexterity in arms.
Gentilesse
the quality of being gentle.
Genre
a class or category of artistic endeavor having a particular form,content, technique.
Exegesis
Interpretation, traditionally of the biblical text, but, by transference, of any text.
Homiletic
of or relating to preaching or to homilies.
Anagogical
method of spiritual interpretation that detects allusions to the afterlife
Humanism
intellectual movement in the Renaissance concerned with recovery, printing, translation, and imitation of Classical texts
"sola scriptura"
The phrase sola scriptura is from the Latin: sola having the idea of "alone," "ground," "base," and the word scriptura meaning "writings"—referring to the Scriptures. Sola scriptura means that Scripture alone is authoritative for the faith and practice of the Christian. The Bible is complete, authoritative, and true. Was the rallying cry of the Protestant Reformation.
"sola gratia"
The doctrine that salvation is conveyed by the grace and goodwill of God, as a free gift, without merit on the part of the sinner. is one of the Five solae propounded to summarise the Lutheran and Reformed leaders' basic beliefs during the Protestant Reformation.
Sprezzatura
is an Italian word originating from Baldassare Castiglione's The Book of the Courtier, where it is defined by the author as "a certain nonchalance, so as to conceal all art and make whatever one does or says appear to be without effort and almost without any thought about it".
Alexandrine
a term of meter. In French verse, a line of twelve syllables, and, by analogy, in English verse a line of six stresses. Characterized by a caesura in the middle of the line.
Elision
the removal of an unstressed syllable, consonants, or letters from a word or phrase, for the purpose of decreasing the number of letters or syllables when mixing words together; EX: Ne'er-never; Gonna-going to; Wanna-want to; "I wandered lonely as a cloud that floats on high o'er vales and hills."
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