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Health Problems of the Underserved study guide
Terms in this set (52)
Long-term effects of childhood poverty
more likely to be poor in early and middle adulthood than are those who were never poor, Poverty rates for adults who were poor during childhood are much higher, Individuals who were poor during childhood are more likely to be poor as adults than are those who were never poor, and this is especially true for African-Americans.
Poverty simulation purpose
To put ourselves in the shoes of people who live in poverty and to try and make decisions they have to make everyday. To make us realize what they go through
Place Matters video: what both communities look at
How we make unhealthy neighborhoods healthy
Place Matters video: reason for young girls' gallbladder disease
High fat diet they are on because of all the fast food they are eating
Place Matters video: HUD mortgages after WWII
Only white people received home mortgages in the suburbs which pushed minorities to inner cities
Social capital elements
- Community members' familiarity with and involvement in community affairs
-Knowledge and trust of neighbors
-The extent of community members' interactions with each other
What public policies determine
the quantity and quality of social capital in a community
- Distribution and availability of affordable housing
- Residential building codes
- Mixed use development
- Pedestrian centered retail and commercial development
- Travel time
- Parks and other recreational opportunities
- Mass transit
- Walkable communities
- Public safety
- Parental leave
- Public libraries
Definition of stress
a perceived threat (real or imagined) to our mind, body, spirit or emotions
Chronic stress effects
always present and the person experiencing it never has a time when their body is not active in the Flight or Fight response. This chronic state of stress makes it difficult for the body to heal and repair itself, thus the risk of illness or injury is increased.
Health Literacy skills
people use them to realize their potential in health situations. They apply these skills either to make sense of health information and services or provide health information and services to others.
the degree to which an individual has the capacity to obtain, communicate, process, and understand basic health information and services to make appropriate health decisions.
End result of the Poverty Simulation
We made it through the month with about 50$ left but not with enough to pay rent of over 800$ the following day
Becoming American video: Health of Mexican Immigrants when they enter the US
they have higher health outcomes then even the riches Americans. They are healthy and then adapt American lifestyle and turn not healthy
Becoming American video: family's income spent on basic expenses
Becoming American video: facts about Mexican Immigrant families
When they first come to the US they are healthy but after being in US for a while they begin to get less and less healthy.
- immigrant latinos have best health in the country
- less deaths
better health than wealthy ppl
- lower rates with mental illness
- rich family ties
- 1/4 latino boys drop out of hs
- 1/7 latino girls commit suicide
Family of 4 at 100% of the poverty guidelines
Makes 24,600 or less. $4,180 more for each additional person added.
Socioeconomic Status and health discrepancies
The most striking health discrepancies result in differences in life expectancy, as well as different rates of most cancers, certain birth defects, infant mortality, asthma, diabetes, behavioral and affective disorders, and cardiovascular disease.
Socioeconomic Status, health disparities and universal health care
in industrialized nations having equal access to quality healthcare, an SES gradient still exists in all-cause morbidity and mortality. Countries that have universal healthcare systems, e.g., the United Kingdom and Scandinavia, still demonstrate SES-related health disparities.
African American, Hispanic and Immigrant workers typical employment
They are disproportionately employed in some of the most dangerous occupations: service occupations and as laborers, fabricators, and operators
Groups who are more likely to encounter occupational health disparities
African-American, Hispanic, and immigrant workers
Factors that contribute to health inequities (Health Inequities video)
Social, economic, environmental, genetic factors and health care
Minimum income needed to meet a family's basic needs
families need an income equal to about two times the federal poverty threshold to meet their most basic needs.
EX: a family of four with two children making 48,016. Anything below that would be low income.
the state of being extremely poor. Poverty is 3x the cost of minimum food diet. Low income is anywhere less than 2ce that amount
those earning less than twice the federal poverty line
% of low-income kids whose parents have less than a high school education
% of low-income children with parents who work full time
About 51%. 31% with at least 1 parent that works full time
Region with the highest child poverty rates
Not Just a Paycheck video: how workers handled stress
drinking, taking pills, weight gain, depression
Not Just a Paycheck video: increase in cases of depression, anxiety and domestic abuse
stress from unemployment leads to these things
Not Just a Paycheck video: what the high taxes in Sweden pay for
college education is covered, healthcare is covered, 5 weeks paid vacation, 16 mths of paid maternity leave
Low income jobs and worker's exposure
Chemical/physical hazards, low autonomy, physical demand, low skill requiremnt, and little to no human interaction
A Class Divided video: learning experience for children
Teacher in Iowa does an experiment with class. Overall, she teaches them that you should treat everyone as though they were your brother no matter what skin color. She used an ex between brown & blue eyes.
-Not judging people by the color of their skin/ ethnicity but by who they are inside.
Place Matters Video: paying more for services in certain neighborhoods
buying a car in a low income area is $500 more, taxes are more, houses are more, groceries are more. This is so bc since there isn't many shops, car dealerships etc they are all forced to go to the same one unless they want to travel up to an hr. So, these places charge them whatever they want because they know the residents have norther choice. ppl are trapped
Place Matters Video: solution for asthma rate in the High Point neighborhood
new homes being made with special features, less sick/ easier to breath. 6,000$ more to build but ppl usually spend 3-5000 a yr on hospital visits for asthma so this is a huge money saver
Healthy environment definition
the environment includes all that is external to an individual. All of the natural as well as human-formed conditions that influence the quality of our lives.
ex: the air we breathe, the water we drink and use, the land and built structures that surround us
Reason for the increase in life expectancy since 1900
Only seven of those years can be attributed to improvements in disease care while the rest are the result of improved prevention efforts (such as immunizations) and improved environmental conditions, including sanitation and water.
Healthy Community Design- Smart Growth definition
using comprehensive planning to guide, design, develop, revitalize and build communities for all that Promote public health and healthy communities.
A Class Divided video: discussion with the children as adults outcome
Jane Elliot asked her former students why they thought what they thought when they were in her class doing this experiment and they said no to judge ppl by the way the look, and that parents should teach their kids that racism isn't good and their kids will follow. They thought it was beneficial and that all students should do this.
Race anthropological definition
a body of prejudgments that distorts our ideas about human differences and group behavior.
Number of African Americans in the United States vs. other ethnicities
43.1 million people in the US are black (2012). AM are the 2nd largest minority population following hispanic/latino
Non-Hispanic White median income
Native American/Alaskan Native women's rates of death from Diabetes vs. Non Hispanic white women
American Indians/Alaska Native women were twice as likely to die from diabetes as non-Hispanic white women
Female to male earnings ratio
Official poverty rate in 2015
Most vulnerable population to the effects of poverty
What the Video Tammy's Story is about
Women in her early to mid 30s, living in poverty, has kids, works at Burger King, has to walk 10 1/2 miles to work, grew up poor, kids are ashamed of their mom and life, wants to go to college to be a school teacher, 21 siblings- 14 yrs later she moved closer to work only 20 min walk (still works at Burger King). Never became a teacher, kids never went to college etc
Tammy's Story video: Reason her children make fun of her
Her appearance. They don't want to bring people to their house. Older son thinks he's better than his mom/ own family. She also always wears her Burger King uniform
Ethnic group that makes up 5% of the US population
Implicit Association Test measures?
a measure within social psychology designed to detect the strength of a person's automatic association between mental representations of objects (concepts) in memory.
A person's perception of the power and control they have in their life effects ________
HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Heath Disparities goals
- Transform Health Care
- Strengthen the Nation's Health and Human Services Infrastructure and Workforce
- Advance the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of the American People
- Advance Scientific Knowledge and Innovation
- Increase Efficiency, Transparency, and Accountability of
This represents the most significant way the federal government is trying to reduce health disparities
The Affordable Care Act
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