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Terms in this set (...)

Personality
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences—and the therapist's interpretations of them—released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
Unconscious
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware.
Id
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
Psychosexual Stages
the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
Oedipus Complex
complex according to Freud, a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.
Defense mechanisms
in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality.
Psychodynamic Theories
theories that behavior results from the psychological forces that interact within the individual, often outside conscious awareness; linked by Freud
Terror-Management Theory
proposes that faith in one's worldview and the pursuit of self-esteem provide protection against a deeply rooted fear of death
Humanistic Theories
View personality with a focus on the potential for healthy personal growth
Self-Actualization
according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential.
Self-Concept
All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "Who am I?"
Trait
A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports
Self
: In contemporary psychology, assumed to be the center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions
Self-esteem
One's feelings of high or low self-worth
Self-efficacy
One's sense of competence and effectiveness
Self-serving bias
A readiness to perceive oneself favorably
Narcissism
Excessive self-love and self-absorption
Individualism
Giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications
Collectivism
giving priority to goals of one's group (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly.
Ego
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
Superego
the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations.

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