24 terms

AP American History #8

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Freedmen's Bureau
●Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War
➢Created to help guide recently freed slaves to self-support, and to protect their rights
10% Plan
●1863
➢Another name for Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction.
The South would be readmitted to the Union after 10% loyalty votes and the abolishment of slavery.
Wade-Davis Bill
●Bill proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans
➢It required 50% of the states' voters to take an oath of allegiance for reinstatement into the Union.
Radical Republicans
●Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war.
➢Wing of the Republican Party most hostile to slavery fought for black equality.
Black Codes
●Any code of law that defined and especially limited the rights of former slaves after the Civil War.
➢Included: can't own gun or meet in groups of over 12 black etc.
Fourteenth Amendment
●1868
➢Made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the country and guaranteed all citizens "equal protection of the laws."
Reconstruction Acts


Laws that divided the South into five districts
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

Scalawags and Carpetbaggers

Sharecropping


Tenant farmer who provides the labor for percentage of the crop
Era of Good stealings

Whiskey Ring
Ulysses S. Grant
Grant officials illegally import whiskey to avoid taxes
Credit Moblier

➢A corrupt construction company set up to provide money for the promoters
Southern Redemption

Compromise of 1877

"The New South"

Atlanta Compromise


Booker T. Washington
Plessy vs Ferguson

Chinese Exclusion Act


1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers
Homestead Act
●Encouraged Western migration
➢1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens willing to live on and cultivate it for five years
"Long Drive"


name for the moving of cattle across the plains to the railroad terminals
The Frontier Thesis

Concentration policy

Dawes Severalty Act