Mr. Bray's World History Study Guide
Terms in this set (59)
What is the scientific name for man?
Scientists believe that mankind began where?
Old Stone Age
Paleolithic means ____
New Stone Age
Neolithic means _____
____ mastered fire to help control his environment.
The domestication of animals in the Neolithic Period
What ended early man's nomadism?
What was built during the Neolithic age of human history?
Ancient Egyptian Civilization
What civilization emerged in the Tigris and Euphrates river valley?
The Fertile Crescent
____________ is an arc of farmable land stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
A group from the Middle East who were responsible for the alphabet.
_____ was the first written law code, collected by one of the kings of ancient Babylon.
What was the first written language known as?
With the exception of the _______, most people of the Ancient Middle East were polytheistic.
The Persian Empire
What empire conquered the greatest empire of the ancient Middle East? Their ruler Cyrus the Great released the Hebrews from the Babylon captivity.
Who invaded India through the Khyber pass, suppressing the Dravidian culture?
Who experienced its golden age under the leadership of the Guptas?
______ was founded by Siddhartha Gautama.
______ believes in Karma, Dharma, Samsara, Reincarnation and the Caste System.
The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path
The core teachings of Buddhism are:
The Silk Road
What facilitated trade between China and the West?
_______ was the Chinese philosophy stressing filial piety, education, and following the five relationships essential for a functional society.
Who was the father of Alexander? He conquered the Greek states.
Sparta and Athens
Who worked together in the Persian War to defeat an enemy empire?
Qin Shi Huang di
Who built the Great Wall and constructed the Terra Cotta Army?
Who was the king of the Greek gods?
________ was the first city-state to develop democracy.
Who ruled during the golden age of Athens?
_______ said that people could only understand themselves by questioning what they believed.
What Chinese philosophy uses the ying yang symbol to represent balance and harmony in the universe.
Who credited with creating the Iliad and the Odyssey?
What do historians call Alexander the Great's culture?
________ is the holy book of Judaism.
Who was the Roman god of the Sea?
What were upper class Romans in the Roman republic known as?
What was the lawmaking body of the Roman Republic? Members of ___ _________ assassinated Julius Caesar, making Augustus Caesar the first emperor of the Roman empire.
Who was the tutor of Alexander the Great?
Who provided a natural barrier for Rome and Italy?
____ is in the middle of Italy.
The Pax Romana
___ ___ ______ was the 200 year period of peace in the Roman Empire.
Who created the Cyrillic alphabet to translate The Bible so that he could convert the Slav to Christianity?
Who founded Judaism?
The Twelve Tables
What where the first codification of Roman laws called?
Who led his elephants over the alps in the 2nd Punic War?
Who founded Christianity?
________ divided the Roman Empire into East and West.
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ
Who was greatly responsible for spreading Christianity throughout the Roman Empire?
Who founded Islam?
The Battle of Tours
What halted the advance of Islam into the European continent?
The Catholic Church
What held a midieval society together after the fall of the Roman Empire?
Who was the first Christian king of the Franks?
the Angles and Saxons
Who settled in England?
________ is a governmental system based on the ownership of land.
Ghana, West Africa
In _________ they traded their abundant gold for salt.
Where did the renaissance begin?
Dome of the Rock
What is the monument of Islam in Jerusalem?
____ a religion which focuses on nature and honoring ones ancestors, is unique to Japan.
Who signed the Magna Carta, limiting the power of the English monarchy?
Pope Urban II
Who was responsible for calling the first crusade at the council of Clermont?
____________ was the first book printed by Guttenburg on his printing press.