8 terms

5.3 Farmers and the Populist Movement

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Oliver Hudson Kelley
In 1867, he organized the Patrons of Husbandry (Grange) as a social and educational forum for farm families on the Great Plains. However, the Grange promoted organizing farmers to combat railroad fees and support legislation to regulate railroads. Resulted in the rise of other farmer's political organizations.
Grange
Became a political and cooperative organization advocating for fair treatment of farmers by railroads and supported legislation to regulate railroad companies. Its early stages of the populist movement supported by American farmers.
Farmers' Alliances
Grew out of the Grange and representative of efforts to educate and advocate for farmers. Organized regionally and racially.
Populism
A movement of the people or "the people's party" that arose in the late 1800s to support farmers and laborers demands for reforms and greater voice in government. Influenced reforms of the Progressive Era.
bimetallism
Monetary system in which the government would give citizens gold or silver in exchange for paper currency.
Gold standard
Dollars or currency backed only with gold. Limits the amount of paper money in circulation.
William McKinley
1896 winner of presidential election. McKinley supported the gold standard in his race against Democrat and Populist William J Bryan. McKinley's victory marked the end of Populism but set the stage for political reforms in the early 20th century.
William Jennings Bryan
Democratic Party and Populist candidate for President in 1896. Supported a "free silver" economic policy that had the support of farmers. Famous for his "Cross of Gold" speech that compared the plight of farmers and laborers imposed on them by the gold standard to the crucifixion of Christ.
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