Classical Period Music
Terms in this set (20)
Section of a symphony Ex: There are 4 movements in a symphony.
Consists of 3 parts: Exposition (introduces themes), Development (develops themes), Recapitulation (returns to original themes from the exposition. Used in symphonic works.
Instrumental solo with orchestra
Instrumental solo with piano/keyboard accompaniment; usually in 3 movements
Father of the Symphony
Child prodigy that composed in all major musical forms of the time. Composed Marriage of Figaro, Magic Flute, Don Giovanni, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik ("A Little Night Music")
Variations on "Ah, vous dirai-je, Maman" (Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star), Symphony 40 KV 550 (1st Mvt)
Ah, vous dirai-je, Maman (Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star) is an example of this musical form.
Theme and Variation
Composed Surprise Symphony (drastic dynamic changes)
Clock Symphony (Mvt 2) (listen for violins sounding like ticking of clock)
Trumpet Concerto in E-flat (3rd movement)
Main theme alternates with one or more contrasting themes. Examples: ABA, ABACA, or ABACABA
Keyboard instrument that replaced the harpsichord
German composer that went deaf
Haydn worked most of his adult life for this family
German composer that bridged the Classical and Romantic periods
Dates for the Classical Period
Famous aria from opera The Magic Flute
Queen of the Night
Composer that died at 35 years old and was buried as a pauper in a common grave
Musical characteristics of Classical period
1. Simple melodic themes recognizable to the audience 2. gradual dynamics introduced so not just terraced dynamics as in Baroque period 3. tempo and mood changes 4. Orchestra larger and added instruments like the trombone.
Musical experiences more affordable for middle class
writing music, conducting, private lessons, publishing music for middle and upper classes
Composed Symphony No. 5 "Fate Symphony" (Duh, duh, duh, duh)