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Terms in this set (50)
story, poem or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, either morally or politically
Ex: "Axis of Evil" for three countries and later the term "allies" for those countries that would wage war against the "Axis".
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Ex: Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers
An indirect reference towards real life historical, famous, event or characters from history, literature or mythology
Ex: "This place is like a Garden of Eden." - This is a biblical allusion to the "garden of God" in the Book of Genesis.
addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail in order to increase worth or understandability
Ex: The cat died > On Sept. 3rd a cat got hit by a car at 9:30 a.m.
repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the next clause
Ex: The general who became a slave. The slave who became a gladiator.
A comparison of two different things, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification
Ex: The structure of an atom is like a solar system
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
Ex: I am awake. I am strong. I am ready
A brief revealing account of an individual person or incident
Ex: "You know, when I was a kid, my dog was my best friend. My childhood was better because of him."
the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
Ex: Mr. and Mrs. Samuel are painting their house
The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
Ex: "it is not even the beginning of the end but is perhaps, the end of the beginning"- Winston Churchill
the use of a word in a sense opposite to its normal sense to create humor or irony
crashes the car
Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a parallel construction
Ex: Hatred sins up strife, but love covers all sin
a pithy observation that contains a general truth
Ex: A jack of all trades is a master of none
A figure of speech wherein the speaker speaks directly to something nonhuman
Ex: "oh" disregards the character and talks to the audience
A word or phrase that follow a noun or pronoun for emphasis or clarity
Ex: The insect, a large and hairy creature, scared the children as they walked outside
the omission or absence of a conjunction between parts of a sentence.
Ex: without looking. without making a sound. without talking.
Characteristic of ordinary conversation rather than formal speech or writing
Ex: Wanna- want to, Gonna- going to, Y'all- you all. etc.
the implied or associative meaning of a word
Ex: a dove symbolizes hope and peace
dictionary meaning of a word in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests
Ex: dove- a domesticated bird/ type of pigeon (in contrast to a symbol of hope)
intend to teach, particularly in having moral instructions as an ulterior motive
Ex: A novel wrote to expose social injustice (Native Son)
phrase or a figure of speech that might have multiple senses, interpretations, or two different meanings
Ex: "Verified cause all these checks that I blew"- Ryce
A unique and personal style of writing/ speaking determined by choice of words
Ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair."
the repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences
Ex: When everyone goes to the meeting, the rebel doesn't & when the rebel goes, no one does
the application of a word or phrase to someone that describes the person's characteristics
Ex: Goliath the Big
An example of a substituting a mild, indirect, or vague term for one considered harsh or blunt
Ex: "downsizing" instead of "making cuts"
exaggerated claims not meant to be taken seriously
Ex: it's raining cats and dog
using figurative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas in a manner that makes it appeal to our physical senses
Ex: "it was dark and dim in the forest"
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
Ex: sherry can infer that her toddler fell out of bed when she heard a sudden thump and crying
words used by a particular profession that are difficult for others to understand
Ex: Getting on a soapbox
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize similarities or differences
Ex: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times..."
Applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
Ex: The crowd was an ocean rippling w/excitement
the name for something closely related to it which then takes on a larger meaning
Ex: "The pen is mighter than the sword"
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
Ex: Boom 💥
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
Ex: "Faith unfaithfully kept him falsely true"
an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth
Ex: Truth is honey which is bitter
The use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same
Ex: Their new teacher was neither a Catholic, nor an Anglican.
The placement of phrases or clauses right next to each other, without conjunctions
Ex: Melts in your mouth, not in your hand- M&M's
imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comical effect
Ex: Scary movie (parody of horror movies)
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
Ex: The frogs danced in the meadow
the use, for rhetorical effect, of more conjunctions than is necessary or natural
Ex: we have money and men and supplies and time and stores and everything we need to complete this project
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings
Ex: an elephant's opinion carries a lot of weight
a question asked to make a point rather than to be answered
Ex: "Are you kidding me?"
the use of irony to mock or convey contempt
Ex: Good fences make good neighbors
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose or criticize a person's stupidity, particularly in the content of contemporary policies and other typical issues
Ex: Making fun of someone's holes in their jeans
A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing
Ex: as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
Ex: "To be, or not to be? That is the question—
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune..."
something used for or regarded as representing something else
Ex: A black cat could symbolize bad luck
a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa
Ex: The word "glasses" refers to spectacles
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language
Ex: "What light from yonder window breaks?" instead of using a common expression "What light breaks from yonder window?"
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.
Ex: "I have to have this operation. It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain."
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