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Terms in this set (73)
What does the book of Job in the Hebrew Bible confront?
It deals with the problem of human suffering
what is the belief system of all Native Americans religions
They believe in the sacred nature of the earth.
The Vedas are the sacred books of what country
What belief do both Hinduism and Buddhism share about suffering
That suffering is the nature of existence
How do Islam and Christianity differ
Christianity stresses forgiveness of sin while Islam stresses moral perfection
what account is told in the story of Adam and Eve in Genesis
how evil entered the world
what is the fasting period in Islam called that commemorates the communication of the Qur'an to Mohammad
It is called Ramadan
What depictions does Dante's Divine Comedy offer
Which one of the Indian deities is the Destroyer, who makes everything eventually pass out of existence making way for the new?
Which major philosopher from the Middle Ages blend Aristotle's logic with Christianity?
Which one of the Indian deities is the creator of all that exist in the visible universe?
What is the name of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible
Who was the first philosopher to address questions of Christianity such as ex nihilo,evil, and predestination?
What is agnosticism
The belief that it is impossible to know whether God exists.
In what event was Martin Luther a major figure?
In the Protestant Reformation
What early religious practiced this, with ceremonial rituals honoring many gods?
Who introduced the short-lived concept of monotheism to ancient Egypt
The Taoist doctrine of wu Wei roughly translates to what?
"Do without doing"
What role does the god Vishnu play in Hinduism
To balanced creation and destruction
Who was the Greek goddess of love?
Dante's Divine Comedy and Milton's Paradise Lost are two great literary works that what?
That explore important religious questions.
How does Islamic art take form?
It takes form in calligraphic mosaics and elaborate architecture.
What is meditation?
In Buddhism, it is the exercise that allows for loss of all consciousness of ego.
Who opened the first official university in the West named the Academy?
Which religion has the most members in the world?
What type of example of philosophy was Thomas Becket's martyrdom?
What is Hedonism?
The philosophy that holds pleasure is to be experienced primarily through the senses.
How can one summarize Viktor Frankl's philosophy?
The size of human suffering is relative.
What is stoicism?
The idea that happiness is more one's response to circumstances than the circumstances themselves.
From the hedonistic viewpoint, what are the words that encourages them to make the most of everyday?
Carpe diem "seize the day"
What is the big earnings theory?
The belief that unpleasant labor deserves pleasurable compensation in return.
What is the first of the Four Noble Truths according to Buddhism?
Life is filled with pain.
Why is Gandhi considered an example of moksha?
Because he devoted his life to nonviolence.
What philosophy is closely related with carpe diem?
What do Hinayana and Mahayana refer to in Buddhist philosophy?
Paths to happiness
According to Hemingway's story "In Another Country", one of his character's says after the death of his wife that a man should not marry - "He should not place himself in a position to lose. He should find things he cannot lose." What type of philosophy is this character illustrating?
Which philosophy qualifies hedonists' belief in the pursuit of pleasure by balancing it with avoidance of pain?
Freedom from pain comes from what in Buddhism?
Following the Eightfold Path
Which philosophy's version of happiness involves reflection on how life is being lived?
What does Aristotle think about happiness?
Happiness is not based on experiencing moments, but a way of living life.
How is happiness presented in Shakespeare's comedy A Midsummer Night's Dream?
It is presented as a move from chaos to order.
What philosopher is most associated with stoicism?
How is happiness explained by an Epicurean?
Balancing indulgence with moderation
Anne Frank's forgiving attitude and reluctance to see anyone as bad mark her as happy according to who?
How does Cervante's Don Quixote presents happiness?
A willingness to accept the weakness of human existence.
What is a person partaking in pleasure moderately exhibit?
What is Aristotle's central idea on happiness?
Reason and virtue are essential for a good life.
Which philosophy would be an example of "all you can eat" buffets and open bars at weddings?
Who was Dante's inspiration behind and guiding force of the Divine Comedy?
What is courtly love?
A set of aristocratic rules for conducting romance established in the Middle Ages.
What type of love was Plato's highest form?
The love of the beautiful.
What artistic expression brought the idea of the heroine worshiped for her purity to secular literature?
Mariolatry (Idolatry of Mary)
What type of love was felt by Titania's love for the donkey-headed character Bottom, in A Midsummer Night's Dream?
What famous medieval work is the lusty Wife of Bath a character?
The Canterbury Tales
What culture's twelfth-century collection of verses from The Rubἀiyἀt celebrates both the glory and short-lived pleasures of life, especially those of physical love and their perspectives on eros?
What type of example is Nathaniel Hawthorne's story "The Birthmark", in which a husband attempts to perfect his wife's beauty and results in her death?
The limits of platonic love.
Who were the goliards?
Students preparing for the priesthood who sang songs with erotic content.
What is the name of the genre in literature in which lovers undertake perilous adventures for the love of a woman?
What is filial piety an important feature of?
The works of Confucious
Which literary work glorifies a serial seducer and adulterer?
What does Voltaire's idea show that a family is a "group of people who cannot stand the sight of each other"?
The power of blood-ties.
The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni are Mozart operas that center on the exploits of two what?
Conspicuous consumption has its origins in what?
In Victorian ideas of love.
What type of love does the Song of Solomon celebrate in the Hebrew Bible?
What does Lorca's Blood Wedding and The House of Bernarda both show in their tragic consequences?
A strong family control over marriage.
By how does feminist works of art from Wasserstein's The Heidi Chronicles changes the concepts of love?
By insisting that love not be the pivotal event in life.
What does the myth of Venus and Adonis show?
That love between mortals and immortals is impossible.
What example does the envious speaker express of the lovers in John Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn"?
Platonic love of beauty above all else.
What is one of the major literary advances in love of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries been?
Open and sympathetic treatment of same-sex love.
What is double standard?
The Victorian idea that insists on holding women to a different moral code than men.
What does it mean when saying a person is like Sancho Panza?
Deeply loyal and protective of friends.
Who has the most famous discourse on the subject of agape?
What author wrote the famous (and misunderstood) lines, "Home is the place where, when you have to go there,/ They have to take you in"?
What "Great Compromiser" helped defuse the crises over the admission of Missouri and tariffs?
What are the layers of the ciliary body?
What do Christians mean by the Trinity?
Where are most divergent boundaries found?
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