Greek and Roman Art Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

acropolis
"high city", usually the site of the city's most important temples.
amphora
a two-handled jar used for general storage purposes, to hold wine or oil.
amphitheater
arena theater with rising tiers around a central open space
apse
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
atrium
open-roofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house.
atmospheric or aerial perspective
Technique artists use to show depth, space, and distance. Objects in the background are more muted and lighter.
base
The lowest part of Ionic and Corinthian columns
barrel vault
the simplest form of vault consisting of an unbroken series of arches; it forms a tunnel like shape
bilingual vases
experimental Greek vases produced for a short time in the late sixth century BC; one side featured decoration in red-figure technique, the other black-figure technique.
black-figure technique
the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details.
capital
uppermost member of a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel.
caryatid
female figure that functions as a supporting column
cella
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple, the room in which the cult statue stood.
chryselephantine
fashioned of gold and ivory
contrapposto
disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually hips an legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counter positioning of the body about its central axis.
corinthian capital
cornice
crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment
damnatio memoriae
to erase the name of a person/idea from history, to literally "damn" their memory
doric
evolved for articulating the three units of the elevation of an ancient Greek temple

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