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a prose or poetic narrative in which the characters, behavior, and even the setting demonstrate multilevels of meaning and significance


the sequential initial repetition of a similar sound, usually applied to consonants, usually heard in closely proximate stressed syllables.


a reference to a literary or historical event, person, or place.


the regular repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses.


a brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature.


any force that is in opposition to the main character, or protagonist


the juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structure, or ideas.


an address or invocation to something that inanimate- such as an angry lover who might scream at the ocean in his or her despair.


recurrent designs, pattern of action, character types, themes or images which are identifiable in a wide range of literature.


a repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds, usually those found in stressed syllables of close proximity


a style in which conjunctions are omitted, usually producing a fast-paced, more rapid prose.


the sense expressed by the tone of voice and/or the mood of a piece of writing; the feelings the author holds toward his subject, the people in his narrative, the events, the setting or even the theme.


a narrative poem that is, or originally was, meant to be sung


a common stanza form, consisting of a quatrain (a stanza of four lines) that alternates four-beat and three-beat lines: one and three are unrhymed iambic tetrameter (four beats), and two and four are rhymed iambic trimester (three beats).

Ballad Stanza

the verse form that most resembles common speech, blank verse consists of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter.

Blank Verse

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