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1. What does the book of Job in the Hebrew bible confront?
It deals with the problem of human suffering
2. What is the belief system of all Native American religions?
They believe in the sacred nature of the earth.
3. The Vedas are the sacred books of what country?
4. What belief do both Hinduism and Buddhism share about suffering?
That suffering is the nature of existence.
5. How do Islam and Christianity differ even though they are similar in important ways?
Christianity stresses forgiveness of sin while Islam stresses moral perfection.
6. What account is told in the story of Adam and Eve in Genesis?
The story is how evil entered the world.
7. What is the fasting period in Islam called that commemorates the communication of the Qur'an to Mohammed?
It is called Ramadan.
8. What depictions does Dante's Divine Comedy offer?
Hell, Heaven, and Purgatory
9. Which one of the Indian deities is the Destroyer, who makes everything eventually pass out of existence, making way for the new?
10. Which major philosopher from the Middle Ages blend Aristotle's logic with Christianity?
11. Which one of the Indian deities is the Creator of all that exists in the visible universe?
12. What is the name of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible?
13. Who was the first philosopher to address questions of Christianity such as ex nihilo, evil, and predestination?
14. What is agnosticism?
The belief that it is impossible to know whether God exists.
15. In what event was Martin Luther a major figure?
In the Protestant Reformation.
16. What early religions practiced this, with ceremonial rituals honoring many gods?
17. Who introduced the short-lived concept of monotheism to ancient Egypt?
18. The Taoist doctrine of wu wei roughly translates to what?
"do without doing"
19. What role does the god Vishnu play in Hinduism?
To balance creation and destruction
20. Who was the Greek goddess of Love? Aphrodite
20. Who was the Greek goddess of Love?
21. Dante's Divine Comedy and Milton's Paradise Lost are two great literary works that what
That explore important religious questions.
22. How does Islamic art take form?
It takes form in calligraphic mosaics and elaborate architecture.
23. What is meditation?
In Buddhism, it is the exercise that allows for loss of all consciousness of ego.
24. Who opened the first official university in the West named the Academy?
25. Which religion has the most members in the world?
1. What type of example of philosophy was Thomas Becket's martyrdom?
2. What is Hedonism?
The philosophy that holds pleasure is to be experienced primarily through the senses.
3. How can one summarize Viktor Frankl's philosophy?
The size of human suffering is relative.
4. What is stoicism?
The idea that happiness is more one's response to circumstances than the circumstances themselves.
5. From the hedonistic viewpoint, what are the words that encourages them to make the most of everyday?
Carpe diem "seize the day"
6. What is the big earnings theory?
The belief that unpleasant labor deserves pleasurable compensation in return
7. What is the first of the Four Noble Truths according to Buddhism?
Life is filled with pain.
8. Why is Gandhi considered an example of moksha?
Because he devoted his life to nonviolence.
9. What philosophy is closely related with carpe diem?
10. What do Hinayana and Mahayana refer to in Buddhist philosophy?
Paths to happiness
11. According to Hemingway's story "In Another Country", one of his character's says after the death of his wife that a man should not marry - "He should not place himself in a position to lose. He should find things he cannot lose." What type of philosophy is this character illustrating?
12. Which philosophy qualifies hedonists' belief in the pursuit of pleasure by balancing it with avoidance of pain?
13. Freedom from pain comes from what in Buddhism?
Following the Eightfold Path
14. Which philosophy's version of happiness involves reflection on how life is being lived?
15. Conspicuous consumption has its origins in what?
In Victorian ideas of love.
16. What type of love does the Song of Solomon celebrate in the Hebrew Bible?
17. What does Lorca's Blood Wedding and The House of Bernarda both show in their tragic consequences?
A strong family control over marriage.
By how does feminist works of art from Wasserstein's The Heidi Chronicles changes the concepts of love?
By insisting that love not be the pivotal event in life.
19. What does the myth of Venus and Adonis show?
That love between mortals and immortals is impossible.
20. What example does the envious speaker express of the lovers in John Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn"?
Platonic love of beauty above all else.
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